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Power Electronics and Electric Machines Publications

NREL and its partners have produced many peer-reviewed papers, reports, and presentations related to power electronics and electric machines.

For more information about the following publications, contact Sreekant Narumanchi.

Journal Articles

A Comprehensive Review toward the State-of-the-Art in Failure and Lifetime Predictions of Power Electronic Devices
Source: Douglas DeVoto, Abu Hanif, Yuechuan Yu, Faisal Khan. 2018. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. NREL/JA-5400-71941.

Ultracompliant Heterogeneous Copper−Tin Nanowire Arrays Making a Supersolder
Source: Wei Gong, Pengfei Li, Yunheng Zhang, Xuhui Feng, Joshua Major, Douglas DeVoto, Paul Paret, Charles King, Sreekant Narumanchi, Sheng Shen. 2018. Nano Letters. NREL/JA-5400-71577

Guest Editorial: Special Section on InterPACK 2017-Part 1
Source: Sreekant Narumanchi, Kaushik Mysore, Dede Ercan, Reza Khiabani. 2018. NREL/JA-5400-70930. Journal of Electronic Packaging.

Guest Editorial: Special Section on InterPACK 2017-Part 2
Source: Sreekant Narumanchi, Kaushik Mysore, Dede Ercan, Reza Khiabani. 2018. NREL/JA-5400-70997. Journal of Electronic Packaging.

Experimental Characterization and Modeling of thermal Contact Resistance of Electric Machine Stator-to-Cooling Jacket Interface Under Interference Fit Loading
Source: Emily Cousineau, Kevin Bennion, Victor Chieduko, Rajiv Lall, Alan Gilbert, 2018. NREL/JA-5400-68042. Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications.

Chemically Linked Metal-Matrix Nanocomposites of Boron Nitride Nanosheets and Silver as Thermal Interface Materials
Source: Xuhui Feng, Nirup Nagabandi, Cengiz Yegin, Charles King, Jun-Kyun Oh, Ethan Adam Scholar, Sreekant Narumanchi, Mustafa Akbulut. 2018. Nanotechnology. NREL/JA-5400-70771.

Presentations

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging
Source: Paul Paret. (2018). NREL/PR-5400-71205.

Electric Motor Thermal Management
Source: Kevin Bennion. (2018). NREL/PR-5400-71208

Power Electronics Thermal Management
Source: Gilbert Moreno. (2018). NREL/PR-5400-71209

Degradation Characterization of Thermal Interface Greases
Source: Joshua Major, Sreekant Narumanchi, Paul Paret, Gregory S. Blackman, Arnold Wong, Jeffery S. Meth. (2018). NREL/PR-5400-70012.

Thermal Management and Reliability of Automotive Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Source: Sreekant Narumanchi, Kevin Bennion, Emily Cousineau, Doug DeVoto, Xuhui Feng, Bidzina Kekelia, Joseph Kozak, Joshua Major, Gilbert Moreno, Paul Paret, Jeff Tomerlin. (2018). NREL/PR-5400-70156.

U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Air Conditioning Fuel Use and the Impact of Four Solar/Thermal Control Technologies
Source: John Rugh, Cory Kreutzer, Bidzina Kekelia, Gene Titov. (2018). NREL/PR-5400-69047.

Conference Papers

Impact of Accelerated StressTests on SiC MOSFET Precursor Parameters: Preprint
Source: Douglas DeVoto, Joseph P. Kozak, Khai D.T. Ngo, Joshua Major. (2018). NREL/CP-5400-71331.

Papers

Electric Motor Thermal Management Research: Annual Progress Report
Source: Kevin Bennion. 2017. 15 pp. NREL/MP-5400-67121.

Thermal Performance Benchmarking: Annual Progress Report
Source: Xuhui Feng. 2017. 14 pp. NREL/MP-5400-67118.

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-temperature Packaging: Annual Progress Report
Source: Douglas DeVoto. 2017. 14 pp. NREL/MP-5400-67117.

Power Electronics Thermal Management Research: Annual Progress Report
Source: Gilbert Moreno. 2017. 16 pp. NREL/MP-5400-67112.

Wide Bandgap Technology Enhances Performance of Electric-Drive Vehicles
Source: Narumanchi, Sreekant; Bennion, Kevin. 2017. NREL Science and Technology Highlights: Highlights in Research & Development.

Local-Scale Simulations of Nucleate Boiling on Micrometer Featured Surfaces: Preprint
Source: Sitaraman, Hariswaran; Moreno, Gilberto; Narumanchi, Sreekant; Dede, Ercan M.; Joshi, Shailesh N.; Zhou, Feng. 2017. Presented at the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, Bellevue, Washington, July 9-14, 2017. 13 pp. NREL/CP-2C00-68294.

Degradation Characterization of Thermal Interface Greases
Source: DeVoto, Douglas; Major, Joshua; Paret, Paul; Blackman, Gregory S.; Wong, Arnold; Meth, Jeffery S. 2017. Presented at the Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, Orlando, Florida, May 30-June 2, 2017. NREL/CP-5400-68014; see also NREL/PR-5400-70012.

Thermomechanical Modeling of Sintered Silver — A Fracture Mechanics-based Approach: Extended Abstract
Source: Paret, Paul; DeVoto, Douglas; Narumanchi, Sreekant. 2017. Presented at 13th International Conference and Exhibition on Device Packaging, Fountain Hills, Arizona, March 6-9, 2017. NREL/CP-5400-67908.

Metal-Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposite Thermal Interface Materials with Ultralow Thermal Resistances
Source: Yegin, Cengiz; Nagabandi, Nirup; Feng, Xuhui; King, Charles; Catalano, Massimo; Oh, Jun Kyun; Talib, Ansam J.; Scholar, Ethan A.; Verkhoturov, Stanislav V.; Cagin, Tahir; Sokolov, Alexei V.; Kim, Moon J.; Matin, Kaiser; Narumanchi, Sreekant; Akbulut, Mustafa. 2017. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 9(11) 22 March. NREL/JA-5400-68044.

Anisotropic Thermal Response of Packed Copper Wire. Paper No. TSEA-16-1256
Source: Wereszczak, Andrew A.; Cousineau, J. Emily; Bennion, Kevin; Wang, Hsin; Wiles, Randy H.; Burress, Timothy B.; Wu, Tong. 2017. Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications Vol. 9 (4) 19 April. NREL/JA-5400-66937.

Presentations

Impact of Active Climate Control Seats on Energy Use, Fuel Use, and CO2 Emissions
Source: Cory Kreutzer, John Rugh, Gene Titov, Bidzina Kekelia. (2017). NREL/PR-5400-69199.

Power Electronics Thermal Management
Source: Gilbert Moreno. (2017). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, 5-9 June 2017, Washington, D.C. NREL/PR-5400-68077.

Electric Motor Thermal Management
Source: Kevin Bennion. (2017). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, 5-9 June 2017, Washington, D.C. NREL/PR-5400-68076.

Papers

Thermal Management and Reliability of Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Source: Narumanchi, Sreekant. 2016. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on 3D Power Electronics Integration and Manufacturing (3D-PEIM), 13-15 June 2016, Raleigh, North Carolina: 13 pp. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). NREL/CP-5400-67510.

High-Temperature Air-cooled Power Electronics Thermal Design: Annual Progress Report
Source: Waye, Scot. (2016). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). 11 pp. NREL/MP-5400-62784.

Evaluation of Performance and Opportunities for Improvements in Automotive Power Electronics Systems: Preprint
Source: Moreno, Gilberto; Bennion, Kevin; King, Charles; Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2016). Presented at ITHERM 2016 - The 15th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, 31 May 3 June 2016, Las Vegas, Nevada; 10 pp. NREL/CP-5400-65672.

Reliability of Emerging Bonded Interface Materials for Large-Area Attachments
Source: Paret, Paul P.; DeVoto, Douglas J.; Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2016). IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology Vol. 6 (1) January 2016 pp. 40-49. doi: 10.1109/TCPMT.2015.2499767. NREL/JA-5400-64479.

General Multilayer Heat Transfer Model for Optical-Based Thermal Characterization Techniques
Source: Feng, Xuhui; King, Charlie; Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2016) International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 93 February 2016, pp. 695-706. NREL/JA-5400-64368.

Electric Motor Thermal Management R&D (Annual Report)
Source: Bennion, K. (2016). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 15 pp.; NREL Report No. MP-5400-64944.

Power Electronics Thermal Management R&D (Annual Report)
Source: Moreno, G. (2016). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 16 pp.; NREL Report No. MP-5400-64943.

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging (Annual Report)
Source: DeVoto, D. (2016). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 18 pp.; NREL Report No. MP-5400-64942.

Thermal Performance Benchmarking (Annual Report)
Source: Moreno, G. (2016). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 17 pp.; NREL Report No. MP-5400-64941.

Presentations

Thermal Management and Reliability of Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Source: Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2016). Presented at Advancements in Thermal Management Conference 2016, 3-4 August, 2016, Denver, Colorado. NREL/PR-5400-66754.

Thermal Management and Reliability of Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Source: Sreekant Narumanchi. 2016. NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). Presented at the International Symposium on 3D Power Electronics Integration and Manufacturing (3D-PEIM), 13-15 June 2016, Raleigh, North Carolina. NREL/PR-5400-66554.

Thermal Performance Benchmarking
Source: Feng, Xuhui; Moreno, Gilbert; Bennion, Kevin. (2016). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, Washington, D.C. June 8-12, 2016. NREL/PO-5400-66049.

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging
Source: DeVoto, Douglas. (2016). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, Washington, D.C. June 8-12, 2016. NREL/PR-5400-66048.

Power Electronics Thermal Management R&D
Source: Moreno, Gilbert; Bennion, Kevin. (2016). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, Washington, D.C. June 8-12, 2016. NREL/PR-5400-66047.

Electric Motor Thermal Management R&D
Source: Bennion, Kevin. (2016). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, Washington, D.C. June 8-12, 2016. NREL/PR-5400-66046.

Characterization of Contact and Bulk Thermal Resistance of Laminations for Electric Machines.
Source: Cousineau, J. Emily; Bennion, Kevin; DeVoto, Douglas; Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2015). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). Presented at the International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging (InterPACK) 2015, 6-9 June 2015, San Francisco, California. NREL/PR-5400-63864.

Papers

Nanothermal Interface Materials: Technology Review and Recent Results
Source: Bar-Cohen, Avram; Matin, Kaiser; Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2015). J. Electron. Packag 137(4), 040803. Paper No: EP-15-1063; doi: 10.1115/1.4031602. NREL/JA-5400-64678.

Bubble Dynamics and Nucleate Pool Boiling Heat Transfer on Microporous Copper Surfaces
Source: Thiagarajan, Suraj Joottuu; Yang, Ronggui; King, Charles; Narumanchi, Sreekant. (2015). International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 89, 1297-1315. NREL/JA-5400-64181.

Convective Heat Transfer Coefficients of Automatic Transmission Fluid Jets with Implications for Electric Machine Thermal Management: Preprint.
Source: Bennion, Kevin; Moreno, Gilberto. (2015). Presented at the International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems (InterPACK), 6-9 July 2015, San Francisco, California. NREL/CP-5400-63969.

Characterization of Contact and Bulk Thermal Resistance of Laminations for Electric Machines
Source: Cousineau, J.E.; Bennion, K.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Narumanchi, S. (2015). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 21 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-5400-63887.

Air-Cooled Heat Exchanger for High-Temperature Power Electronics: Preprint
Source: Waye, S. K.; Lustbader, J.; Musselman, M.; King, C. (2015). Presented at the 2014 IEEE Compound Semiconductor IC Symposium, 19-22 October 2014, San Diego, California 6 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-61844.

Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors Annual Report 2013
Source: Narumanchi, S.; Bennion, K.; DeVoto, D.; Moreno, G.; Rugh, J.; Waye, S. (2015). 69 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-5400-60621.

Heat Transfer Characteristics of Impinging Steady and Synthetic Jets Over Vertical Flat Surface
Source: He, X; Lustbader, J.A.; Arik, M; Sharma, R. (2015). International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer Vol. 80 January 2015 pp. 825-834.

Presentations

Electric Motor Thermal Management R&D
Source: Bennion, K. (2015). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2015 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 812 June 2015, Washington, D.C. 29 pp.; NREL Report No. NREL/PR-5400-64038.

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging
Source: DeVoto, D. (2015). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2015 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 812 June 2015, Washington, D.C. 23 pp.; NREL Report No. NREL/PR-5400-64037.

Thermal Performance Benchmarking
Source: Moreno, G. (2015), National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2015 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 812 June 2015, Washington, D.C. 30 pp.; NREL Report No. NREL/PR-5400-64036.

Power Electronics Thermal Management R&D
Source: Waye, S. (2015). NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2015 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 812 June 2015, Washington, D.C. 27 pp.; NREL Report No. NREL/PR-5400-63592.

Papers

Effects of Pressure and a Microporous Coating on HFC-245fa Pool Boiling Heat Transfer
Source: Moreno, G.; Jeffers, J. R.; Narumanchi, S. Paper No. HT-13-1510. Journal of Heat Transfer. Vol. 136(10), 1 October 2014; 9 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5400-62161.

Gaining Traction: Thermal Management and Reliability of Automotive Electric Traction-Drive Systems
Source: Moreno, G.; Narumanchi, S.; Bennion, K.; Waye, S.; DeVoto, D. (2014). IEEE Electrification Magazine. Vol. 2(2), June 2014; pp. 42-49; NREL Report No. JA-5400-61580.

Thermal Performance and Reliability Characterization of Bonded Interface Materials (BIMs)
Source: DeVoto, D.; Paret, P.; Mihalic, M.; Narumanchi, S.; Bar-Cohen, A.; Matin, K. (2014). Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 409-417; NREL Report No. CP-5400-63023.

Thermal Performance and Reliability Characterization of Bonded Interface Materials (BIMs): Preprint
Source: DeVoto, D.; Paret, P.; Mihalic, M.; Narumanchi, S.; Bar-Cohen, A.; Matin, K. (2014). Presented at ITherm 2014, 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. 11 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-61107.

Advanced Liquid Cooling for a Traction Drive Inverter Using Jet Impingement and Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces
Source: Waye, S. K.; Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Moreno, G.; Bennion, K.; Jeffers, J. (2014). Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 1064-1073; NREL Report No. CP-5400-63187.

Advanced Liquid Cooling for a Traction Drive Inverter Using Jet Impingement and Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces: Preprint
Source: Waye, S. K.; Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Moreno, G.; Bennion, K.; Jeffers, J. (2014). Presented at ITherm 2014, 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. 12 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-61060.

Novel Power Electronics Three-Dimensional Heat Exchanger
Source: Bennion, K.; Cousineau, J.; Lustbader, J.; Narumanchi, S. (2014). Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 1055-1063; NREL Report No. CP-5400-63176.

Novel Power Electronics Three-Dimensional Heat Exchanger: Preprint
Source: Bennion, K.; Cousineau, J.; Lustbader, J.; Narumanchi, S. (2014). Presented at ITherm 2014, 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. NREL Report No. 11 pp. NREL Report No. CP-5400-61041.

Investigation of Thermal Interface Investigation of Thermal Interface Materials Using Phase-Sensitive Transient Thermoreflectance Technique
Source: Feng, X.; King, C.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Narumanchi, S. (2014). Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 1296-1307; NREL Report No. CP-5400-63180.

Investigation of Thermal Interface Materials Using Phase-Sensitive Transient Thermoreflectance Technique: Preprint
Source: Feng, X.; King, C.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Narumanchi, S. (2014). Presented at ITherm 2014, 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida. 14 pp. NREL Report No. CP-5400-61106.

Stress Intensity of Delamination in a Sintered-Silver Interconnection: Preprint
Source: DeVoto, D. J.; Paret, P. P.; Wereszczak, A. A. (2014). Presented at IMAPS/HiTEC, 13-15 May 2014, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 10 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-61598.

Passive Two-Phase Cooling of Automotive Power Electronics
Source: Moreno, G.; Jeffers, J. R.; Narumanchi, S.; Bennion, K. (2014). Proceedings of the 2014 30th Annual Semiconductor Thermal Measurement and Management Symposium (SEMI-THERM), 9-13 March 2014, San Jose, California. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 58-65; NREL Report No. CP-5400-63183.

Passive Two-Phase Cooling of Automotive Power Electronics: Preprint
Source: Moreno, G.; Jeffers, J. R.; Narumanchi, S.; Bennion, K. (2014). Presented at SEMI-THERM, 9-13 March 2014, San Jose, California. 10 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-61083.

Effect of Flow Rate and Subcooling on Spray Heat Transfer on Microporous Copper Surface
Source: Thiagarajan, S.; Narumanchi, S.; Yang, R. (2014). International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. Vol. 69, February 2014; pp. 493-505; NREL Report No. JA-5400-58135.

Presentations

Electric Motor Thermal Management R&D
Source: Bennion, K. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors (APEEM) FY15 Kickoff Meeting, 1820 November 2014, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 29 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-63004.

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging
Source: DeVoto, D. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors (APEEM) FY15 Kickoff Meeting, 1820 November 2014, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 20 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-63003.

Power Electronics Thermal Management R&D
Source: Waye, S. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors (APEEM) FY15 Kickoff Meeting, 1820 November 2014, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 24 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-63002.

Thermal Performance Benchmarking
Source: Moreno, G. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the DOE Vehicle Technologies Office, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors (APEEM) FY15 Kickoff Meeting, 1820 November 2014, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 25 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-63001.

Traction Drive Inverter Cooling with Submerged Liquid Jet Impingement on Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces
Source: Waye, S.; Narumanchi, S.; Moreno, G. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at SAE 2014 Thermal Management Systems Symposium, September 2224, 2014, Denver Colorado. 20 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-62921.

Air Cooling for High Temperature Power Electronics
Source: Waye, S.; Musselman, M.; King, C. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at SAE 2014 Thermal Management Systems Symposium, September 2224, 2014, Denver Colorado. 32 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-62920.

Electric Motor Thermal Management for Electric Traction Drives
Source: Bennion, K.; Cousineau, J.; Moreno, G. (2014). Presented at SAE 2014 Thermal Management Systems Symposium, September 2224, 2014, Denver Colorado. 29 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-62919.

Inverter-Scale, Passive Two-Phase Cooling System for Automotive Power Electronics
Source: Moreno, G.; Jeffers, J.; Narumanchi, S. (2014). Presented at SAE 2014 Thermal Management Systems Symposium, September 2224, 2014, Denver Colorado. 25 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-62917.

Thermal Management of Power Electronics and Electric Motors for Electric-Drive Vehicles
Source: Narumanchi, S. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Expo, 14-18 September 2014, Pittsburgh, PA. 23 pp.; NREL Report No. NREL/PR-5400-62878.

Convective Cooling and Passive Stack Improvements in Motors
Source: Bennion, K. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2014 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 1620 June 2014, Washington, D.C. 26 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-61360.

Two-Phase Cooling of Power Electronics
Source: Moreno, G. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2014 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 1620 June 2014, Washington, D.C. 25 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-61359.

Reliability of Electrical Interconnects
Source: DeVoto, D. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2014 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 1620 June 2014, Washington, D.C. 25 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-61358.

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging
Source: DeVoto, D. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2014 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 1620 June 2014, Washington, D.C. 23 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-61357.

High-Temperature Air-Cooled Power Electronics Thermal Design
Source: Waye, S. (2014). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Presented at the Department of Energy (DOE) 2014 Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, 1620 June 2014, Washington, D.C. 32 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-61355.

Papers

Steady and Unsteady Air Impingement Heat Transfer for Electronics Cooling Applications
Source: Arik, M.; Sharma, R.; Lustbader, J.; He, X. (2013). Article No. 111009. Journal of Heat Transfer. Vol. 135(11), November 2013; 8 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5400-56618.

Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of HFO-1234yf on Plain and Microporous-Enhanced Surfaces
Source: Moreno, G.; Narumanchi, S.; King, C. (2013). Article No. 111014. Journal of Heat Transfer. Vol. 135(11), November 2013; 10 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5400-57593.

Microstructured Surfaces for Single-Phase Jet Impingement Heat Transfer Enhancement
Source: Moreno, G.; Narumanchi, S.; Venson, T.; Bennion, K. (2013). Article No. 031004. Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications. Vol. 5(3), September 2013; 9 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5400-54059.

Electric Drive Dynamic Thermal System Model for Advanced Vehicle Propulsion Technologies
Source: Bennion, K. (2013). Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-360. 8 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-7A10-59230.

Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Automotive Power Electronics
Source: DeVoto, D.; Paret, P.; Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M. (2013). Paper No. IPACK2013-73143. ASME 2013 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems, 16-18 July 2013, Burlingame, California. Volume 1: Multi-Physics Based Reliability. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 8 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-58683.

Effects of Pressure and a Microporous Coating on HFC-245fa Pool Boiling Heat Transfer
Source: Moreno, G.; Jeffers, J. R.; Narumanchi, S. (2013). Paper No. HT2013-17126. Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference, 14-19 July 2013, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Volume 2: Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 10 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-58451.

Presentations

Light-Weight, Low-Cost, Single-Phase, Liquid-Cooled Cold Plate
Source: Narumanchi, S. (2013). Presented at the DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors (APEEM) R&D, FY12 Kickoff Meeting, 24 November 2011, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 16 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-52808.

Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Power Electronics Packaging Applications
Source: Devoto, D. (2013). Presented at the 2011 Workshop on Accelerated Stress Testing & Reliability, 2830 September 2011, San Francisco, California. 23 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-52468.

Two-Phase Cooling of Power Electronics
Source: Moreno, G. (2013). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review, 13-17 May 2013, Arlington, Virginia. 26 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-58171.

Reliability of Bonded Interfaces
Source: DeVoto, D. (2013). Presented at the Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review, 13-17 May 2013, Arlington, Virginia. 27 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-58170.

Light-Weight, Single-Phase, Liquid-Cooled Cold Plate
Source: Narumanchi, S. (2013). Presented at the 2012 Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) Annual Merit Review (AMR), 14-18 May 2012, Washington, DC. 18 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-54423.

Performance and Reliability of Interface Materials for Automotive Power Electronics
Source: Narumanchi, S.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Paret, P. (2013). Presented at the Applied Power Electronics Conference, 19 March 2013, Long Beach, California NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 19 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-57964.

Papers

Thermal Conductance at Atomically Clean and Disordered Silicon/Aluminum Interfaces: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study
Source: Choi, W. I.; Kim, K.; Narumanchi, S. (2012). Article No. 054305. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 112(5), 1 September 2012; 8 pp.; NREL Report No. JA-5400-53915.

Sensitivity Analysis of Traction Drive Motor Cooling
Source: Bennion, K.; Cousineau, J. (2012). Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC), 18-20 June 2012, Dearborn, Michigan. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 6 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-5400-54651.

Characteristics of Low Reynolds Number Steady Air Jet Impingement Heat Transfer Over Vertical Flat Surfaces
Source: He, X.; Lustbader, J. A.; Arik, M.; Sharma, R. (2012). Proceedings of the 2012 13th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 30 May - 1 June 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 1364-1371; NREL Report No. CP-5400-54485.

Comparison of Synthetic and Steady Air Jets for Impingement Heat Transfer over Vertical Surfaces
Source: Arik, M.; Sharma, R.; Lustbader, J.; He, X. (2012). Proceedings of the 2012 13th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 30 May - 1 June 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 1354-1363; NREL Report No. CP-5400-54486.

Design of Light-Weight, Single-Phase Liquid-Cooled Heat Exchanger for Automotive Power Electronics
Source: Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Moreno, G.; Bennion, K. (2012). Proceedings of the 2012 13th IEEE Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (ITherm), 30 May - 1 June 2012, San Diego, California. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) pp. 693-699; NREL Report No. CP-5400-54350.

Thermal Performance and Reliability of Large-Area Bonded Interfaces in Power Electronics Packages
Source: Narumanchi, S.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Popp, T.; McCluskey, P. (2011) Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2011), 11-17 November 2011, Denver, Colorado. Volume 11: Nano and Micro Materials, Devices and Systems; Microsystems Integration. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) pp. 837-842; Paper No. IMECE2011-65399. NREL Report No. CP-5400-52309.

Molecular Dynamics Modeling of Thermal Conductance at Atomically Clean and Disordered Silicon/Aluminum Interfaces
Source: Choi, W. I.; Kim, K.; Narumanchi, S. (2011). Paper No. IMECE2011-65409. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2011), 11-17 November 2011 , Denver, Colorado. Volume 10: Heat and Mass Transport Processes, Parts A and B. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) pp. 397-404; NREL Report No. CP-5400-52310.

Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of HFO-1234yf With and Without Microporous-Enhanced Surfaces
Source: Moreno, G.; Narumanchi, S.; King, C. (2011). Paper No. IMECE2011-64002. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2011), 11-17 November 2011 , Denver, Colorado. Volume 10: Heat and Mass Transport Processes, Parts A and B. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) pp. 577-587; NREL Report No. CP-5400-52288.

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management - Development of a KULI Model to Assess Combined Cooling Loops
Source: Rugh, J. P.; Bennion, K.; Brooker, A.; Langewisch, J.; Smith, K.; Meyer, J. (2011). PHEV/EV [Proceedings of the] Vehicle Thermal Management Systems Conference and Exhibition, VTMS 10, 15-19 May 2011, Warwickshire, United Kingdom. Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Ltd. pp. 649-660; NREL Report No. CP-5400-50821.

Enhancement of Heat Transfer with Pool and Spray Impingement Boiling on Microporous and Nanowire Surface Coatings
Source: Thiagarajan, S. J.; Narumanchi, S.; King, C.; Wang, W.; Yang, R. (2010). Paper No. IHTC14-23284. Proceedings of the 14th ASME International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), 8-13 August 2010, Washington, D.C. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) pp. 819-828; NREL Report No. CP-5400-55682.

Enhancement of Heat Transfer with Pool and Spray Impingement Boiling on Microporous and Nanowire Surface Coatings
Source: Thiagarajan, S. J.; Wang, W.; Yang, R.; Narumanchi, S.; King, C. (2010). Presented at the 14th International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC-14); Washington, DC; August 8-13, 2010. 13 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-540-48055.

Molecular Dynamics Modeling of Heat Transport in Metals and Semiconductors
Source: Narumanchi, S.; Kim, K. Proceedings of the 14th ASME International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), 8-13 August 2010, Washington, D.C. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Paper No. IHTC14-23314, pp. 531-539; NREL Report No. CP-540-48541.

Enhancement of Heat Transfer with Pool and Spray Impingement Boiling on Microporous and Nanowire Surface Coatings
Source: Thiagarajan, S. J.; Narumanchi, S.; King, C.; Wang, W.; Yang, R. Proceedings of the 14th ASME International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC14), 8-13 August 2010, Washington, D.C. New York, NY: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Paper No. IHTC14-23284. pp. 819-828; NREL Report No. CP-5400-55682.

Power Electronics Thermal Control
Source: Narumanchi, S. Presented at the Interagency Advanced Power Group Meeting, 3-7 May 2010, Golden, Colorado. 32 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-540-48053.

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management for Advanced Vehicle Propulsion Technologies
Source: Bennion, K.; Thornton, M. 18 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-540-47416.

Integrated Vehicle Thermal Management for Advanced Vehicle Propulsion Technologies
Source: Bennion, K.; Thornton, M. Advanced Hybrid Vehicle Powertrains, 2010. SP-2275. SAE Paper No. 2010-01-0836. Warrendale, PA: SAE International 12 pp.; NREL Report No. CP-540-48288.

Sensitivity of Solder Fatigue to Sources of Variation in Advanced Vehicular Power Electronics Cooling
Sources: A. Vlahinos, Advanced Engineering Solutions, and M. O'Keefe, NREL

Impacts of Cooling Technology on Solder Fatigue for Power Modules in Electric Traction Drive Vehicles: Preprint
Sources: M. O'Keefe, NREL, and A. Vlahinos, Advanced Engineering Solutions

Rapid Modeling of Power Electronics Thermal Management Technologies
Sources: K. Bennion and K. Kelly

Assessment of Air Cooling for Use with Automotive Power Electronics
Sources: D. Bharathan and K. Kelly

Numerical Simulations of Nucleate Boiling in Impinging Jets: Applications in Power Electronics Cooling
Source: S. Narumanchi, A. Troshko, D. Bharathan, and V. Hassani

Single-Phase Self-Oscillating Jets for Enhanced Heat Transfer
Sources: S. Narumanchi, K. Kelly, and M. Mihalic, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; S. Gopalan and R. Hester, Bowles Fluidics Corporation; A. Vlahinos, Advanced Engineering Solutions, LLC

Thermal Interface Materials for Power Electronics Applications
Sources: S. Narumanchi, M. Mihalic, and K. Kelly, NREL; G. Eesley, Delphi Electronics

Two-Phase Spray Cooling of Hybrid Vehicle Electronics
Sources: I. Mudawar, Mudawar Thermal Systems, Inc.; D. Bharathan, K. Kelly, and S. Narumanchi, NREL

Assessment of Thermal Control Technologies for Cooling Electric Vehicle Power Electronics
Source: K.J. Kelly, T. Abraham, K. Bennion, D. Bharathan, S. Narumanchi, and M. O'Keefe; December 2007

Comparison of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Power Electronics Cooling Options
Source: M. O'Keefe, K. Bennion; September 2007

Numerical Simulations of Boiling Jet Impingement Cooling in Power Electronics
Source: S. Narumanchi, V. Hassani, and D. Bharathan; December 2006

Modeling Single-Phase and Boiling Liquid Jet Impingement Cooling in Power Electronics
Source: S.V.J. Narumanchi, V. Hassani, and D. Bharathan; September 2005

Spray Cooling: An assessment for use with automotive power elecronics applications
Source: D. Bharathan, V. Hassani, Milestone Report for FY2005; September 2005

Department of Energy's EE Technical Team Roadmap for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Source: V. Hassani, R. Fessler; April 2004

NREL's Advanced Power ElectronicsThermal Management
Source: D. Bharathan, K. Gawlik, B. Kramer, S. Rogers, T.J. Hendricks, November 2003

Presentations

Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Power Electronics Packaging Applications
Source: Devoto, D. (2011). Presented at the 2011 Workshop on Accelerated Stress Testing & Reliability, 28-30 September 2011, San Francisco, California 23 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-5400-52468.

Power Electronics Thermal Control
Presentation prepared for the 2010 Interagency Advanced Power Group Meeting
Source: S. Narumanchi; May 2010

Thermal Management of Power Semiconductor Packages Matching Cooling Technologies with Packaging Technologies
Source: Bennion, K.; Moreno, G. Presented at the IMAPS 2nd Advanced Technology Workshop on Automotive Microelectronics and Packaging, 27-28 April 2010, Dearborn, Michigan. 26 pp.; NREL Report No. PR-540-48147.

Advanced Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics
Presentation prepared for the 2009 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting
Source: S. Narumanchi; May 2009

Air Cooling Technology for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Presentation prepared for the 2009 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting
Source: D. Bharathan; May 2009

Characterization and Development of Advanced Heat Transfer Technologies
Presentation prepared for the 2009 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting
Source: K. Kelly; May 2009

Power Electronic Thermal System Performance and Integration
Presentation prepared for the 2009 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting
Source: K. Bennion; May 2009

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Presentation prepared for the 2009 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting
Source: M. O'Keefe; May 2009

Advanced Thermal Control Enabling Cost Reduction for Automotive Power Electronics
Presentation prepared for the 2008 ANSYS Automotive Conference sponsored by ANSYS.
Source: T. Abraham, K. Kelly, and K. Bennion, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; A. Vlahinos, Advanced Engineering Solutions, LLC; September 2008

Overview of APEEM Thermal Control Research Projects
Presentation prepared for DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Projects FY08 Kickoff Meeting.
Source: K. Kelly; November 2007

Advanced Thermal Interface Materials for Power Electronics
Presentation prepared for DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Projects FY08 Kickoff Meeting.
Source: S. Narumanchi; November 2007

Air Cooling Technology for Power Electronics Thermal Control
Presentation prepared for DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Projects FY08 Kickoff Meeting.
Source: D. Bharathan; November 2007

Characterization and Development of Advanced Heat Transfer Technologies
Presentation prepared for DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Projects FY08 Kickoff Meeting.
Source: T. Abraham. November 2007

PEEM Thermal Stress and Reliability
Presentation prepared for DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Projects FY08 Kickoff Meeting.
Source: M. O'Keefe; November 2007

Power Electronic Thermal System Performance and Integration
Presentation prepared for DOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Projects FY08 Kickoff Meeting.
Source: K. Bennion; November 2007

Thermal Control of Power Electronics and Electric Machines
Source: V. Hassani, November 2005

Thermal Interface Material Using Carbon Nanotubes
Source: V. Hassani, November 2005

Motor-Drive Thermal Sub-System Modeling
Source: M. Zolot, November 2005

Low Thermal Resistance IGBT Structure
Source: D. Benhammou, V. Hassani, November 2005

Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Review: Thermal Management of Power Electronics Task at NREL
Source: V. Hassani, June 2004

Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Review: Power Electronics Cooling for Automotive Applications
Source: D. Bharathan, June 2004

Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Review: DC-Link Capacitor Evaluation
Source: M. Zolot, June 2004

Thermal Management of Power Electronics Task at NREL
Source: V. Hassani, March 2004