Fleet DNA: Commercial Fleet Vehicle Operating Data
The Fleet DNA clearinghouse of commercial fleet vehicle operating data helps vehicle manufacturers and developers optimize vehicle designs and helps fleet managers choose advanced technologies for their fleets.
This online tool, which provides data summaries and visualizations similar to real-world "genetics" for medium- and heavy-duty fleet vehicles, helps users understand the broad operational range of commercial vehicles across vocations and weight classes.
The delivery van category includes data for walk-in and step vans ranging in size from class 3 to class 6 with primary vocations of delivering parcels, food, linens, or beverages.
Fleet DNA has 974 days of driving data from 94 delivery vans operating in the United States.
Learn more about the operation of delivery vans through these studies.
- Hydraulic Hybrid and Conventional Parcel Delivery Vehicles' Measured Laboratory Fuel Economy on Targeted Drive Cycles
- Project Results: Evaluating FedEx Express Hybrid-Electric Delivery Trucks
- FedEx Express Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 12-Month Report
- FedEx Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 6-Month Interim Report
- Eighteen-Month Final Evaluation of UPS Second Generation Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans
- Measured Laboratory and In-Use Fuel Economy Observed over Targeted Drive Cycles for Comparable Hybrid and Conventional Package Delivery Vehicles
- Thirty-Six Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans
- Interim Project Results: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans
- Project Overview: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation Hybrid-Electric Delivery Vans
- United Parcel Service Evaluates Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans
- Twelve-Month Evaluation of UPS Diesel Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans
The delivery truck category includes data for city delivery, straight trucks, stake body vehicles, furniture trucks, rack trucks, and beverage delivery trucks ranging in size from class 3 to class 7 with primary vocations of delivering parcels, food, linens, beverages, or warehouse items.
Fleet DNA has 553 days of driving data from 36 delivery trucks operating in the United States.
Learn more about the operation of delivery trucks through these studies.
The school bus category includes data for a wide range of school bus types, including class A to class D body types sized from class 3 to class 6.
Fleet DNA has 857 days of driving data from 204 school buses operating in the United States.
Learn more about the operation of school buses through these studies.
The transit bus category includes a wide range of data for buses operating on shorter-distance public transport bus services, which include single- and double-deck buses, articulated buses and midibuses. The typical operating weight range for this category is class 7 and 8 with the primary vocation being mass transit.
Fleet DNA has 472 days of driving data from 19 transit buses operating in the United States.
Learn more about the operation of transit buses through these studies.
- St. Louis Metro Biodiesel (B20) Transit Bus Evaluation
- King County Metro Transit Hybrid Articulated Buses: Final Evaluation Results
- Case Study: Ebus Hybrid Electric Buses and Trolleys
- Long Beach Transit: Two-Year Evaluation of Gasoline-Electric Hybrid Transit Buses
- In-Use Performance Comparison of Hybrid Electric, CNG, and Diesel Buses at New York City Transit
- BAE/Orion Hybrid Electric Buses at New York City Transit
- New York City Transit Hybrid and CNG Transit Buses: Final Evaluation Results
The bucket truck category includes data for a wide range of vehicle chassis builds that have a powered overhead boom with a bucket attachment. The sizes of the vehicles in the database range from class 3 to class 7 with vocational applications in the utility and telecommunications fields.
Fleet DNA has 283 days of driving data from 20 bucket trucks operating in the United States.
The service van category includes data for both service and utility vans ranging in size from class 2 to class 3 with vocational applications in the utility and telecommunications fields.
Fleet DNA has 29 days of driving data from 4 service vans operating in the United States.
The tractor category includes data for a wide range of vehicle types and configurations, including beverage delivery tractors, semis, sleeper semis, and refrigerated trucks that each have a removable trailer and range in size from class 7 to class 8. Vehicles in this category also include a wide range of vocations, such as beverage, fuel, and food delivery, and regional and long-hauling activities.
Fleet DNA has 1,150 days of driving data collected from 70 tractors operating in the United States.
Learn more about the operation of tractors through these studies.
The refuse truck category includes data for a wide range of refuse-hauling vehicles, including front-, side-, and real-loading refuse trucks in addition to dumpster-hauling trucks. The typical operating weight range for this category is class 8, and the primary vocation is refuse pickup.
Fleet DNA has 387 days of driving data from 39 refuse trucks operating in the United States.
Composite Data for All Categories
View charts with data for all the vehicle categories above or download the composite data for all vehicles.
Connect with Clean Cities
Tools and Resources
Use these tools to analyze and sort transportation data:
- FASTSim — Simulate vehicle design and use scenarios with fuel economy, performance, battery life, and cost calculations.
- DRIVE — Produce drive cycles from real-world vehicle data to cut evaluation and analysis time.
- AFLEET — Calculate a fleet's petroleum use, cost of ownership, and emissions.
Find more tools and resources on the Alternative Fuels Data Center.
How to Use the Data
Use these resources to understand the data and get ideas on how to use drive cycle metrics:
- Map Matching and Real World Integrated Sensor Data Warehousing
- Overcoming the Range Limitation of Medium-Duty Battery Electric Vehicles Through the Use of Hydrogen Fuel Cells
- Contribution of Road Grade to the Energy Use of Modern Automobiles Across Large Datasets of Real-World Drive Cycles
How to Contribute Your Data
You can contribute your fleet's data anonymously to Fleet DNA to help other fleets analyze and improve their drive cycle metrics. Learn more in the fact sheet on Contributing Data to the Fleet DNA Project.
How to Cite the Data
Publications that use data from Fleet DNA should include a citation consistent with the following format:
“Fleet DNA Project Data.” (2019). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Accessed January 15, 2019: www.nrel.gov/fleetdna
If you use the data in a publication, please notify Kenneth Kelly so we can gauge the reach of the data.
For more information, contact Kenneth Kelly, 303-275-4465.