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Stanley Young

Mobility Innovations and Equity Team Lead

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Stanley Young, an advanced transportation and urban scientist, joined NREL’s Center for Integrated Mobility Sciences in 2015. Today he manages the Mobility Innovations and Equity team, which explores the impacts of new mobility systems, particularly in urban areas. He has also served as the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) “technologist in city” for the Columbus Smart City program and led the Urban Science pillar in DOE’s Systems and Modeling for Accelerated Research in Transportation (a.k.a. SMART) Mobility research initiative. As pillar lead, he initiated the development of the Automated Mobility District toolkit to assess the mobility and energy impacts of automated electric shuttles and other district-scale automated mobility systems. He also provided guidance and vision for the development of the Mobility Energy Productivity tool.

From 2006 to 2015, while on staff at the University of Maryland’s Center for Advanced Transportation Technology, he architected a multi-state traffic monitoring system based on vehicles self-reporting their position and speed. The system, known as the I-95 Vehicle Probe Project, is the largest multi-state traffic monitoring system in the country. He also co-developed and patented a Bluetooth re-identification traffic sensor to directly sample vehicle travel times and co-founded Traffax Inc. to accelerate the commercialization of the technology.

Research Interests

Urban science

Energy efficient mobility

Vehicle automation and connectivity

Mobility energy impacts

Traffic modeling

Energy analysis

Sustainable mobility

Transportation and mobility research


Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, Kansas State University

Professional Engineering License, State of Kansas

M.S., Electrical Engineering, Kansas State University

B.S., Electrical Engineering, LeTourneau University

Professional Experience

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Program Lead, Advanced Transportation and Urban Sciences (2015–Present)

University of Maryland, Center for Advanced Transportation Technology, Associate Research Faculty (2006–2015)

Traffax Inc., President, Strategic Technical Development (2008–2015)

Kansas Department of Transportation, Advanced Technology Research Engineer (1994–2006)

Featured Work

Fort Erie On-Demand Transit Case Study, NREL Technical Report (2023)

Roadmap to Automated Mobility Systems: Informing the Planning of a Sustainable, Resilient Transportation Ecosystem for Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, NREL Technical Report (2022)

Automated Mobility Platforms: A Framework for Versatile, Energy-Efficient Urban Transportation for the 21st Century, International Conference on Transportation and Development (2022)

Concept of Operations of Next-Generation Traffic Control Utilizing Infrastructure-Based Cooperative Perception, International Conference on Transportation and Development (2022)

The Automated Mobility District Implementation Catalog, 2nd Edition: Safe and Efficient Automated Vehicle Fleet Operations for Public Mobility, NREL Technical Report (2022)

The Role of Mobility Data Hubs in an Integrated Decarbonized Transportation Future, IEEE Green Technologies Conference (2021)

SMART Mobility Urban Science Capstone Report, DOE Technical Report (2020)

A Novel and Practical Method to Quantify the Quality of Mobility: The Mobility Energy Productivity Metric, Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting (2020)

Measuring Fundamental Improvements in Sustainable Urban Mobility: The Mobility Energy Productivity Metric, ASCE International Conference on Transportation and Development (2019)

Quantifying Autonomous Vehicles National Fuel Consumption Impacts: A Data-Rich Approach, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice (2019)