Lina Ramirez

Lina Ramirez Arbelaez

Researcher IV-Electrical Engineering


Lina Ramirez is a researcher in the Transmission and Distribution Interactions Group within NREL's Grid Planning and Analysis Center. She has more than 13 years of experience in power system operations and planning. She has a Ph.D. in Power Systems from Iowa State University, an M.S. in Administrative Engineering, and a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Lina's research areas include power system operations and planning, flexibility, resiliency power system markets, fast frequency response, system strength, technical requirements for grid forming and grid following inverters, operating reserves, and the control center of the future.

Research Interests

Renewable energy integration

Power system operation and planning

Grid following and grid forming technical requirements

Power systems design and studies

Operating reserves

Control center of the future

Power system flexibility and resiliency


Ph.D, Electrical Engineering, Iowa State University

M.S., Engineering Administration, Universidad Nacional-Colombia

B.S., Electrical Engineering, Universidad Nacional-Colombia

Professional Experience

Planning Specialist, XM, Power System Operator of Colombia (2015–2022)

Rsearch Assistance, Iowa State University (2012–2015)

Control Room System Operator, Power System Operator of Colombia (2010–2012)

Electrical Design Engineer, PC MEJIA S.A. (2007–2009)

Associations and Memberships

Member, GWNET Women in Energy Expert

Member, IEEE

Featured Work

Short-term Flexibility in Power Systems: Drivers and Solutions, Electra CIGRE (2020)

On Two-Bus Equivalents of Transmission Corridors, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2015)

Monitoring Voltage Collapse Margin by Measuring the Area Voltage Across Several Transmission Lines With Synchrophasors, IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting (2014)

Monitoring Voltage Collapse Margin With Synchrophasors Across Transmission Corridors With Multiple Lines and Multiple Contingencies, IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting (2015)

Awards and Honors

Power Delivery & Utilization Technology Transfer Award, EPRI (2022)

Power Delivery & Utilization Technology Transfer Award, EPRI (2020)

Bright Spark for Worldwide Association of Power Exchanges, APEx (2018)