Photo of Laura Vimmerstedt

Laura Vimmerstedt

Researcher V-Systems Engineering


Laura Vimmerstedt is part of the Industrial Systems and Fuels Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center.

Areas of Expertise

Climate change policy analysis
Renewable energy modeling
Air-quality regulatory implications for energy technologies

Research Interests

Environmental effects of energy technologies and systems
Impact of policies and environmental issues on renewable energy markets


M.S., Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison
B.A., Chemistry, Oberlin College

Prior Work Experience

Air Basics, Inc. (1994)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (1992–1993)

Featured Publications

Industrial Learning: Biofuels

Laura Vimmerstedt, Steve Peterson, Brian Bush. 2016. Dynamic Modeling of Learning in Emerging Energy Industries: The Example of Advanced Biofuels in the United States. NREL/CP-6A20-66897. Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society 2015, 19-23 July 2015, Cambridge, Massachusetts pp. 3248-3272. External Note: See NREL/CP-6A20-60984 for preprint.

Laura Vimmerstedt, B.W. Bush, D.D. Hsu, D. Inman, S.O. Peterson. Maturation of Biomass-to-Biofuels Conversion Technology Pathways for Rapid Expansion of Biofuels Production: A System Dynamics Perspective .Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 9, no. 2 (March/April 2015): 158-176. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/JA-6A20-60444.

Alternative Jet Fuel

Laura Vimmerstedt, Emily Newes. 2016. Dynamics of Aviation Biofuel Investment, Incentives, and Market Growth: An Exploration Using the Biomass Scenario Model. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/PO-6A20-67276.

C. Davidson, E. Newes, A. Schwab, L. Vimmerstedt. 2014. Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-60254 52 pp.

Biofuels Deployment Investment

Laura Vimmerstedt, Ethan S. Warner, and Dana Stright. 2016. Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels Industry: 2016 Update. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-65903.

Laura Vimmerstedt, B. W. Bush. 2013. Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels Industry. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-60802 30 pp.

Land Use Change

C. M. Clark, Y. Lin, B. G. Bierwagen, L. M. Eaton, M. H. Langholtz, P. E. Morefield, C. E. Ridley, Laura Vimmerstedt, S. Peterson, B. W. Bush. 2013. Growing a Sustainable Biofuels Industry: Economics, Environmental Considerations, and the Role of the Conservation Reserve Program. Article No. 025016NREL/JA-6A20-56025, Environmental Research Letters Vol. 8 (2) April-June 2013 19 pp.

E. Warner, D. Inman, B. Kunstman, B. Bush, Laura Vimmerstedt, S. Peterson, J. Macknick, Y. Zhang. 2013. Modeling Biofuel Expansion Effects on Land Use Change Dynamics. Article No. 015003 NREL/JA-6A20-56291, Environmental Research Letters Vol. 8 (1) January-March 2013 10 pp.

Geospatial Econometric Analysis

Bentley Clinton, Caley Johnson, Kristi Moriarty, Emily Newes, Laura Vimmerstedt. 2017. Preliminary Assessment of Spatial Competition in the Market for E85: Presentation Supplement. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-66943 63 pp. External Note: This report complements a presentation (published separately) which is available at

Transformation of the Transportation System

Laura Vimmerstedt, Austin Brown, Emily Newes, A.J. Markel, Alex Schroeder, Yimin Zhang, Peter Chipman, and Shawn Johnson. 2015. Transformative Reduction of Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Opportunities for Change in Technologies and Systems. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-5400-62943.

Transportation Energy Futures

Laura Vimmerstedt, A. Brown, G. Heath, T. Mai, M. Melaina, E. Newes, M. Ruth, T. Simpkins, E. Warner, K. Bertram, S. Plotkin, D. Patel, T. Stephens, A. Vyas. 2013. Potential Reductions in Emissions and Petroleum Use in Transportation: Perspectives from the Transportation Energy Futures Project. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/JA-6A20-61242 Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board Vol. 2375 2013 pp. 37-44.

Full list of Laura Vimmerstedt publications (NREL).