Photo of Colin A. McMillan.

Colin McMillan

Researcher IV-Operations Research Analysis

Orcid ID

Colin A. McMillan works from the Washington, D.C., office and is a member of the Industrial Systems and Fuels Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center.

Areas of Expertise

Life cycle assessment
Energy efficiency analysis

Research Interests

Industrial energy analysis and modeling, particularly process heat use

Material and energy flows in economies


Ph.D., Natural Resources, University of Michigan, 2011
M.A., Applied Economics, University of Michigan, 2010
M.S.E., Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 2004
B.S., Engineering Management, Miami University, 2001

Professional Experience

Sustainable Practices Analyst, Lockheed Martin, Rockville, Maryland (20102013)

Environmental Engineer, First Environment, Boonton, New Jersey (20052006)

Project Engineer, Limno-Tech, Ann Arbor, Michigan (20012002)

Featured Work

McMillan, Colin A., and Mark Ruth. Using Facility-Level Emissions Data to Estimate the Technical Potential of Alternative Thermal Sources to Meet Industrial Heat Demand. Applied Energy 239 (April 1, 2019): 1077–90.

McMillan, Colin A., and Vinayak Narwade. The Industry Energy Tool (IET): Documentation. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL), November 27, 2018.

Mai, Trieu T, Paige Jadun, Jeffrey S Logan, Colin A McMillan, Matteo Muratori, Daniel C Steinberg, Laura J Vimmerstedt, Benjamin Haley, Ryan Jones, and Brent Nelson. Electrification Futures Study: Scenarios of Electric Technology Adoption and Power Consumption for the United States.  Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), June 29, 2018.

Colin A. McMilan. Material and Energy Efficiency: A Framework for Broader Analysis of Energy Use in the U.S. Economy.  Technical report. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, June 2018.

Jadun, Paige, Colin McMillan, Daniel Steinberg, Matteo Muratori, Laura Vimmerstedt, and Trieu Mai. Electrification Futures Study: End-Use Electric Technology Cost and Performance Projections through 2050. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), 2017.

McMillan, Colin, Richard Boardman, Michael McKellar, Piyush Sabharwall, Mark Ruth, and Shannon Bragg-Sitton. Generation and Use of Thermal Energy in the U.S. Industrial Sector and Opportunities to Reduce Its Carbon Emissions. Technical report. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2016.

Johnson, J.X., C.A. McMillan, and G.A. Keoleian. Evaluation of Life Cycle Assessment Recycling Allocation Methods. Journal of Industrial Ecology 17, no. 5 (October 2013): 700-11.

McMillan, C.A., S.J. Skerlos, and G.A. Keoleian. Evaluation of the metals industry's position on recycling and its implications for environmental emissions. Journal of Industrial Ecology 16, no. 3 (May 2012): 324-33.

Kim, H.J., C. McMillan, G.A. Keoleian, and S.J. Skerlos. Greenhouse Gass Emissions Payback for Lighweighted Vehicles Using Aluminum and High-Strength Steel . Journal of Industrial Ecology 14, no. 6 (December 2010): 929-46.

McMillan, C.A., M.R. Moore, G.A. Keoleian, and J.W. Bulkley. Quantifying US aluminum in-use stocks and their relationship with economic output.   Ecological Economics 69, no. 12 (October 2010): 2606-13.

McMillan, C.A. and G.A. Keoleian. Not all primary aluminum is created equal: Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 to 2005.  Environmental Science & Technology, 43, no. 5 (March 2009): 1571-77.