Electrification Futures Study:
A Technical Evaluation of the Impacts of an Electrified U.S. Energy System
Through the Electrification Futures Study, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is exploring scenarios with and impacts of widespread electrification in the United States.
In addition to NREL, the research team includes the Electric Power Research Institute, Evolved Energy Research, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Northern Arizona University, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
The study will answer five important questions:
- What end-use electric technologies are available for the highest energy-consuming services today, and how might the technologies advance over time?
- How might widespread electrification impact national and regional electricity demand and consumption patterns?
- How would the U.S. electricity system need to transform to meet changes in demand from an electrified economy?
- What role might demand-side flexibility play to support reliable operations of a clean electricity grid?
- What are potential costs, benefits, and impacts of mass electrification?
Learn more about the study's modeling approach.
First Report—December 2017
The first report in the Electrification Futures Study series, Electrification Futures Study: End-Use Electric Technology Cost and Performance Projections through 2050, provides estimated cost and performance data for electric technologies considered in the study. The study applies a literature and expert opinion based approach in developing future projections of technology advancement to be used in the EFS scenario analysis. The data can also inform other researchers and analysts exploring electrification.
Other Recent NREL Reports on Electrification
- Impact of Uncoordinated Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging on Residential Power Demand