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Photo of the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Systems Integration Facility at NREL.

Energy Systems Integration Facility

The only facility in the nation focused on utility-scale clean energy grid integration. Learn More

2014 R&D 100 Awards

Direct Monocrystalline Silicon Wafer Growth by High-Throughput Epitaxy

Direct Monocrystalline Silicon Wafer Growth by High-Throughput Epitaxy

The project demonstrates the viability of high-efficiency thin monocrystalline silicon (Si) solar cells and modules that are less than 80 microns thick and shows that they can be grown at low-cost through an epitaxial process.

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HP Apollo 8000 System

HP Apollo 8000 System

The system uses component-level warm-water cooling to dissipate heat generated by the supercomputer and eliminates the need for expensive and inefficient data center chillers.

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