Cybersecurity for Electric Vehicle Grid Integration
NREL evaluates the potential cybersecurity impacts of electric vehicle (EV) grid integration.
As more EVs enter the market and connect to the power grid, evaluating the cybersecurity risks, challenges, and opportunities associated with electric vehicle charging is critical to support widespread electrification.
NREL is evaluating:
- High-consequence cyber events for electric vehicle charging stations, leveraging the NREL cyber range to connect a fast charger in the laboratory to an emulated distributed energy system
- The application of public key infrastructure (PKI)—a method for encrypting information exchange and certifying the authenticity of devices—to help ensure digital trust between vehicles and charging stations
- Implementation of a defensible system for protecting charging infrastructure in electrified transportation systems under real operating conditions.
Researchers leverage NREL's unique power and communication systems emulation and cybersecurity capabilities to evaluate the potential security impacts of connecting electric vehicles, EV charging stations, and other devices to the electric grid.