Solar Levelized Cost of Energy Analysis
NREL conducts levelized cost of energy (LCOE) analysis for photovoltaic (PV) technologies to benchmark PV costs over time and help PV researchers understand the impacts of their work.
This analysis can include LCOE benchmarking and tracking progress against U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Targets, exploring pathways to reduced LCOE, and understanding LCOE drivers to guide research, development, and investment decisions.
Levelized Cost of Energy Calculator
This simple levelized cost of energy calculator is intended to help PV researchers with limited knowledge of costs and markets quickly estimate how their ideas might influence LCOE. It also helps them examine different trade-offs between cost and performance.
This tool compliments other resources, such as the NREL System Advisor Model, that can be used for more detailed project-specific analyses.
Updates to the Instant Online PV LCOE Calculator Tool, DuraMAT Webinar Presentation (2021)
Technology Advances Needed for Photovoltaics to Achieve Widespread Grid Price Parity, Progress in Photovoltaics (2016)
The Role of Advancements in Solar Photovoltaic Efficiency, Reliability, and Costs, NREL Technical Report (2016)
Watch these video tutorials to learn how NREL analyzes PV projects with regards to LCOE, internal rate of return, and levelized cost of solar plus storage. They are part of NREL's Solar Techno-Economic Analysis Tutorials video series.
Levelized Cost of Electricity and Internal Rate of Return Calculations for PV Projects
Levelized Cost of Solar Plus Storage