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An abstract usually accompanies a journal article or conference paper. It is an important indexing and research tool. Abstracts are usually 200 to 250 words in length and the content summarizes and highlights the major points of the journal article, conference paper, or report. It may also include a brief description of the purpose, scope, and methods used to reach the conclusions.

Some journals and conferences ask that you submit an abstract that briefly describes the paper’s purpose and contents before your submission is accepted. Check with the journal or conference sponsor for guidance on abstract requirements such as length.

Abstracts for NREL Publications

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information requires an abstract of 200 words or fewer for its citation record posting. This abstract is also typically included in the metadata of the final publication PDF and should briefly describe the context, purpose, and nature of the work and summarize major results or conclusions.