Water and Power Systems Integration
NREL researchers evaluate synergies between energy and water infrastructure to identify opportunities where greater integration can lead to mutual benefits and improved reliability and resiliency.
NREL offers the following capabilities to support water and power systems integration in addressing the energy-water-land nexus.
- Advanced sensor technology and communications
- Automated controls
Water and Climate Impacts on ERCOT Long-Term Systems Assessment, NREL Technical Report (2022)
Preparing the Power Sector to Navigate Climate and Water Risks, NREL Fact Sheet (2022)
Land Use for Bioenergy: Synergies and Trade-Offs Between Sustainable Development Goals, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2022)
Optimization Framework to Assess the Demand Response Capacity of a Water Distribution System, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management (2020)
Opportunities and Barriers for Renewable and Distributed Energy Resource Development at Drinking Water and Wastewater Utilities, Report No. 4625, The Water Research Foundation report (2019)
Climate-Water Impacts on Interconnection-Scale Electricity System Planning, NREL Poster (2019)
Energy-Water Microgrid Opportunity Analysis at the University of Arizona’s Biosphere 2 Facility, NREL Technical Report (2018)
Analysis of a Wave-Powered, Reverse-Osmosis System and Its Economic Availability in the United States Preprint, American Society of Mechanical Engineers’ International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (2017)