Technology Development, Validation, Demonstration, and Deployment
NREL has expertise across a range of technology development, validation, demonstration, and deployment activities that address trade-offs across the energy-water-land nexus.
NREL offers the following technology development, validation, demonstration, and deployment capabilities.
NREL conducts hardware-in-the-loop simulations at our Energy Systems Integration Facility to validate the performance of water treatment technologies under a range of energy scenarios, including high-penetration renewable energy. We also validate the ability to sustain operations and provide ancillary grid services without adverse effects on water quality or the treatment technology.
Use of Low-Temperature Geothermal Energy for Desalination in the Western United States, NREL Technical Report (2015)
Field Demonstration and Deployment
NREL provides technology-neutral demonstration and deployment support to help reduce risk and address barriers associated with the adoption of energy-efficient water treatment technologies powered by a range of energy options at partner sites.
Alternative Water Treatment Technologies for Cooling Tower Applications, NREL Technical Report (2018)
NREL uses a systems approach to provide objective validation of water treatment technologies through testing, measurement, and verification of performance using its campus facilities and in real-world applications.
Floating Photovoltaic Systems: Assessing the Technical Potential of Photovoltaic Systems on Man-Made Water Bodies in the Continental United States, Environmental Science and Technology (2018)
NREL performs analysis using its models, tools, and industry knowledge to identify cost-effective strategies that optimize energy, improve resiliency, and integrate the operation of energy, water, and land systems.
Energy-Water Microgrid Opportunity Analysis at the University of Arizona’s Biosphere 2 Facility, NREL Technical Report (2018)
Energy Efficiency Strategies for Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facilities, NREL Technical Report (2012)
High-performance computing and 3D visualization capabilities to analyze high-fidelity data and real-time flows of energy and water into and out of systems