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Educational Materials

Learn about the revised Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 1547-2018 (IEEE Std 1547-2018) through these educational materials, which include webinars, white papers, and other resources.

The revised version features new concepts and new technical requirements, which enable the use of modern distributed energy resources to improve performance of the electric grid during day-to-day operations and improve grid resilience during abnormal grid conditions.

The revised standard was published in April 2018 and is now available from IEEE. Qualified parties may request a discounted copy.

Educational Resource Publication Date Resource Type
An Overview of Distributed Energy Resource Interconnection: Current Practices and Emerging Solutions (Horowitz et al.)
This NREL technical report serves as a central document summarizing considerations, practices, and emerging solutions across a broad set of topics related to distributed energy resource interconnection.
2019 Report
Applying IEEE Std 1547-2018: What Public Utilities Commissions Need to Decide and Do (Boemer)
This presentation was given by Dr. Jens C. Boemer, principal technical leader at the Electric Power Research Institute, at a joint meeting sponsored by the Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation and the Western Interconnection Regional Advisory Board.
2018 Presentation
Clause-by-Clause Summary of Requirements in IEEE Standard 1547-2018 (Narang et al.)
This NREL technical report is intended as a quick reference guide to the technical requirements in IEEE 1547-2018 standard. In addition to providing an overall summary of the standard's 11 clauses, the document also highlights the default and optional settings for parameters. Clause summaries include identification of the key stakeholders and, to a limited extent, the expected level of involvement they should have in decisions related to implementation of the standard.
2020 Report
Distributed Energy Resources: Connection Modeling and Reliability Consideration (North American Electric Reliability Corp.)
This report helps entities, regulators, and policymakers better understand the differences between distributed energy resources and conventional generation and how they affect the bulk power system.
2017 Report
Evaluating the Role of Pre-application Reports in Improving Distributed Generation Interconnection Process (Petersen and Lockhart)
This NREL report evaluates the impact of the pre-application report process and how it relates to the application approval rate.
2018 Report
Fast Frequency Response Concepts and Bulk Power System Reliability Needs (North American Electric Reliability Corp.)
This white paper discusses factors determining rate of change of frequency, fast frequency response concepts, and critical inertia.
2020 Report
Guide to the IEEE 1547-2018 Standard and Its Impact on Cooperatives (Ropp)
This National Rural Electric Cooperative Association white paper, authored by Dr. Michael Ropp, president and principal engineer at Northern Plains Power Technologies, provides a high-level summary of key topics in the revised standard.
2019 Report
Interstate Renewable Energy Council Model Interconnection Procedures 2019 (Interstate Renewable Energy Council)
This report identifies several best practices for interconnection procedures.
2019 Report
Webinar
Presentation
Making the Grid Smarter: Primer on Adopting the New IEEE Standard 1547-2018 for Distributed Energy Resources (Interstate Renewable Energy Council)
This report provides an overview and explanation of the major revisions in the standard and the key issues for states to consider.
2019 Report
Webinar
Presentation
New Approaches to Distributed Photovoltaic Interconnection: Addressing Emerging Issues (McAllister et al.)
This NREL technical report highlights the important features of interconnection that call for regulators' attention.
2019 Report
Regulatory Perspective: IEEE 1547 Revision and Distributed Energy Resource Interconnection Standards (Rosier)
This presentation was given by Michele Rosier, distributed energy resource specialist at the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, at a joint meeting sponsored by the Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation and the Western Interconnection Regional Advisory Board.
2018 Presentation
State Commission Surge Call: IEEE 1547 Revision and Distributed Energy Resource Interconnection Standards (National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners)
This surge call presentation from Michelle Rosier, distributed energy resource specialist at the Minnesota Public Utility Commission, shows how Minnesota's early action on IEEE 1547-2018 can serve as a model for other states still considering how to proceed.
2018 Report
An Overview of Behind-The-Meter Solar-Plus-Storage Regulatory Design: Approaches and Case Studies to Inform International Applications (Zinaman et al.)
This NREL technical report outlines steps that regulators can use to approach distributed solar-plus-storage regulatory design.
2020 Report
Technical Brief on Data Collection Recommendations for Distributed Energy Resources (North American Electric Reliability Corp.)
This brief is organized according to key grid-entities and describes a set of data that may be useful for each industry group.
2018 Brief, Report
High-Penetration Photovoltaic Integration Handbook for Distribution Engineers (Mather et al.)
This handbook gives insight into the impacts of high-penetration levels of photovoltaic systems interconnected onto distribution systems.
2016 Report, Handbook
Reliability Guideline: Bulk Power System Reliability Perspectives on the Adoption of IEEE 1547-2018 (North American Electric Reliability Corp.)
The guideline is intended to provide high-level guidance and bulk power system reliability perspectives that should be considered during the adoption and implementation of IEEE 1547- 2018.
2020 Report
Prevention of Unintentional Islands in Power Systems with Distributed Resources (Kroposki)
This webinar was presented by NREL's Power Systems Engineering Center Director Ben Kroposki.
2016 Webinar
Timeline for Rollout (Hoke, developed alongside the 1547 leadership)
This is the timeline of IEEE 1547-2018 publication and implementation, including expected dates of equipment availability. Utilities and regulators wishing to require 1547-2018 compliance may use this as guidance for timing.
2020 Timeline
Regulating Voltage: Recommendations for Smart Inverters (O'Connell, Volkmann, Brucke)
This report provides an introduction to voltage regulation concepts, including advantages and disadvantages of various control modes.
2019 Report
Suggested Guidelines for Assessment of Distributed Generation Unintentional Islanding Risk (Ropp and Ellis)
The guidelines in this report are widely used in interconnection studies to evaluate the risks of unintentional islanding for specific installations and to help determine the appropriate mitigation for those risks.
2013 Report
Evaluation of Multi-Inverter Anti-Islanding With Grid Support and Ride-Through and Investigation of Island Detection Alternatives (Ropp et al.)
This report documents results from a set of laboratory simulations and experiments to determine the impact of photovoltaic inverter grid support functions on various anti-islanding detection methods.
2019 Report
The Background for Change (Walling)
This article offers a historical review of the 1547 standard, including involvement by the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association and cooperatives.
2016 Article
New Disturbance Response Requirements (Walling)
This article outlines the toolbox of possible solutions to these issues found in IEEE Std. 1547-2018 and is meant for stakeholders seeking a technical overview of disturbance performance requirements such as ride-through.
2017 Article
New Reactive Power and Voltage Regulation Capability Requirements (Walling)
This article outlines the toolbox of possible solutions to these issues found in IEEE Std. 1547-2018 and is meant for stakeholders seeking a technical overview of voltage, reactive power, and the associated capabilities in the new standard.
2016 Article
Revision of IEEE Standard 1547 Additional Topics (Walling)
This article highlights a host of topics not previously covered and which are not strongly related to each other and is meant for stakeholders seeking an overview of the new and unique terminology of the standard, a technical overview of islanding requirements, or power quality limitations.
2017 Article
Kauai Island Utility Cooperative: The Impact of Extensive Photovoltaic Penetration (Lovas)
This case study explores rapid growth of solar power on Kauai Island and provides a rich source of reference material on the impact of extensive distributed energy resource penetration that may help guide others.
2015 Case Study