U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

NREL offers insight into the economic feasibility and key cost drivers of producing chemical intermediates from carbon dioxide (CO2) and electricity across five different conversion pathways.

These data visualizations are a companion to The Economic Outlook for Converting CO2 and Electrons to Molecules, Energy & Environmental Science (2021).

3D Illustration showing how carbon dioxide and electricity—directly through microbial electrosynthesis, high-temperature electrolysis, and low-temperature electrolysis and indirectly through thermochemical conversion and biological conversion—produces fuel, chemicals, and plastic precursors.

Developed with funding from the Bioenergy Technologies Office, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy.