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Biomass Compositional Analysis Publications

NREL publishes a variety of publications—from journal articles to technical reports—on topics related to biomass characterization and analysis.

Featured Publications


"Quantitative trait loci for cell wall composition traits measured using near-infrared spectroscopy in the model C4 perennial grass Panicum hallii," Biotechnol Biofuels


"Ammonia Pretreatment of Corn Stover Enables Facile Lignin Extraction," ACS Sustain Chem Eng 

"Evaluation of Fifteen Cultivars of Cool-Season Perennial Grasses as Biofuel Feedstocks Using Near-Infrared," Agronomy J

"Mixed Carboxylic Acid Production by Megasphaera elsdenii from Glucose and Lignocellulosic Hydrolysate," Fermentation

"The buffering capacity of stems: genetic architecture of nonstructural carbohydrates in cultivated Asian rice, Oryza sativa," New Phytol

"The Effect of Biomass Densification on Structural Sugar Release and Yield in Biofuel Feedstock and Feedstock Blends," BioEnergy Res


"Assessing pretreatment reactor scaling through empirical analysis," Biotechnol Biofuels 

"Compositional Analysis of Biomass Reference Materials: Results from an Interlaboratory Study," BioEnergy Res

"Improved methods for the determination of drying conditions and fraction insoluble solids (FIS) in biomass pretreatment slurry," Biomass and Bioenergy

"Improved sugar yields from biomass sorghum feedstocks: comparing low-lignin mutants and pretreatment chemistries," Biotechnol Biofuels

"Long-term variability in sugarcane bagasse feedstock compositional methods: sources and magnitude of analytical variability," Biotechnol Biofuels

"Online residence time distribution measurement of thermochemical biomass pretreatment reactors," Chem Eng Sci

"Robust phenotyping strategies for evaluation of stem non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) in rice," J Exp Bot


"Nitrogen-to-protein conversion factors revisited for applications of microalgal biomass conversion to food, feed and fuel," Algal Res

"Rapid analysis of composition and reactivity in cellulosic biomass feedstocks with near-infrared spectroscopy," Biotechnol Biofuels


"Drought effects on composition and yield for corn stover, mixed grasses, and Miscanthus as bioenergy feedstocks," Biofuels 

"Using NIR/PLS to predict composition and reactivity of herbaceous feedstocks," presented at the 36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals


"A laboratory-scale pretreatment and hydrolysis assay for determination of reactivity in cellulosic biomass feedstocks," Biotechnol Biofuels 

"Chapter 8: Methods for Biomass Compositional Analysis," in Catalysis for the Conversion of Biomass and Its Derivatives

"Degradation of Carbohydrates uring Dilute Sulfuric Acid Pretreatment Can Interfere with Lignin Measurements in Solid Residues," J Agric Food Chem

"Effect of corn stover compositional variability on minimum ethanol selling price (MESP)," Bioresour Technol

"High-Throughput Quantitative Biochemical Characterization of Algal Biomass by NIR Spectroscopy; Multiple Linear Regression and Multivariate Linear Regression Analysis," J Agric Food Chem 

Multivariate Calibration Models for Sorghum Composition using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, NREL Technical Report

"Near Infrared Calibration Models for Pretreated Corn Stover Slurry Solids, Isolated and in situ," J Near Infrared Spectrosc


"Accurate and reliable quantification of total microalgal fuel potential as fatty acid methyl esters by in situ transesterification," Analytical Bioanalytical Chem 

"Algal Biomass Constituent Analysis: Method Uncertainties and Investigation of the Underlying Measuring Chemistries," Analytical Chem

"Rapid compositional analysis of microalgae by NIR spectroscopy," NIR news

"Separation and quantification of microalgal carbohydrates," J Chromatogr A

"Uncertainty in techno-economic estimates of cellulosic ethanol production due to experimental measurement uncertainty," Biotechnol Biofuels

"Variation in Biomass Composition Components among Forage, Biomass, Sorghum-Sudangrass, and Sweet Sorghum Types," Crop Sci


"Compositional and Agronomic Evaluation of Sorghum Biomass as a Potential Feedstock for Renewable Fuels," J Biobased Mater Bioenergy


"Compositional Analysis of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks. 1. Review and Description of Methods," J Agric Food Chem 

"Compositional Analysis of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks. 2. Method Uncertainties," J Agric Food Chem

"Compositional analysis of water-soluble materials in switchgrass," J Agric Food Chem

"Development and validation of a fast high pressure liquid chromatography method for the analysis of lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysis and fermentation products," J Chromatogr A

"Feasibility of Spectroscopic Characterization of Algal Lipids: Chemometric Correlation of NIR and FTIR Spectra with Exogenous Lipids in Algal Biomass," BioEnergy Res

"Life cycle environmental impacts of selected U.S. ethanol production and use pathways in 2022," Environ Sci Technol


"Assessing corn stover composition and sources of variability via NIR," Cellulose 

"Characterization, Genetic Variation, and Combining Ability of Maize Traits Relevant to the Production of Cellulosic Ethanol," Crop Sci

"Correlating detergent fiber analysis and dietary fiber analysis data for corn stover collected by NIRS," Cellulose

"Improved multivariate calibration models for corn stover feedstock and dilute-acid pretreated corn stover," Cellulose


"Compositional Analysis of Water-Soluble Materials in Corn Stover," J Agric Food Chem


"Metal oxide sensor arrays for the detection, differentiation, and quantification of volatile organic compounds at sub-parts-per-million concentration levels," Sensors Actuators B Chem


"Process for the conversion of and aqueous biomass hydrolyzate into fuels or chemicals by the selective removal of fermentation inhibitors," U.S. Patent No. 6737258B2

"Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood," Wood Sci Technol


"Rapid biomass analysis," presented at the 24th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

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