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Biomass Compositional Analysis Publications

NREL publishes a variety of publications—from journal articles to technical reports—on topics related to biomass characterization and analysis.

Featured Publications


Quantitative Trait Loci for Cell Wall Composition Traits Measured Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in the Model C4 Perennial Grass Panicum hallii, Biotechnology for Biofuels


Ammonia Pretreatment of Corn Stover Enables Facile Lignin Extraction, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering

Evaluation of Fifteen Cultivars of Cool-Season Perennial Grasses as Biofuel Feedstocks Using Near-Infrared, Agronomy Journal

Mixed Carboxylic Acid Production by Megasphaera elsdenii from Glucose and Lignocellulosic Hydrolysate, Fermentation

The Buffering Capacity of Stems: Genetic Architecture of Nonstructural Carbohydrates in Cultivated Asian Rice, Oryza sativa, New Phytologist

The Effect of Biomass Densification on Structural Sugar Release and Yield in Biofuel Feedstock and Feedstock Blends, BioEnergy Research


Assessing Pretreatment Reactor Scaling through Empirical Analysis, Biotechnology for Biofuels

Compositional Analysis of Biomass Reference Materials: Results from an Interlaboratory Study, BioEnergy Research

Improved Methods for the Determination of Drying Conditions and Fraction Insoluble Solids (FIS) in Biomass Pretreatment Slurry, Biomass and Bioenergy

Improved Sugar Yields from Biomass Sorghum Feedstocks: Comparing Low-Lignin Mutants and Pretreatment Chemistries, Biotechnology for Biofuels

Long-Term Variability in Sugarcane Bagasse Feedstock Compositional Methods: Sources and Magnitude of Analytical Variability, Biotechnology for Biofuels

Online Residence Time Distribution Measurement of Thermochemical Biomass Pretreatment Reactors, Chemical Engineering Science

Robust Phenotyping Strategies for Evaluation of Stem Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC) in Rice, Journal of Experimental Botany


Nitrogen-to-Protein Conversion Factors Revisited for Applications of Microalgal Biomass Conversion to Food, Feed and Fuel, Algal Research

Rapid Analysis of Composition and Reactivity in Cellulosic Biomass Feedstocks with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, Biotechnology for Biofuels


Drought Effects on Composition and Yield for Corn Stover, Mixed Grasses, and Miscanthus as Bioenergy Feedstocks, Biofuels 

Using NIR/PLS to Predict Composition and Reactivity of Herbaceous Feedstocks, presented at the 36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals


A Laboratory-Scale Pretreatment and Hydrolysis Assay for Determination of Reactivity in Cellulosic Biomass Feedstocks, Biotechnology for Biofuels

Chapter 8: Methods for Biomass Compositional Analysis, in Catalysis for the Conversion of Biomass and Its Derivatives

Degradation of Carbohydrates during Dilute Sulfuric Acid Pretreatment Can Interfere with Lignin Measurements in Solid Residues, Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Effect of Corn Stover Compositional Variability on Minimum Ethanol Selling Price (MESP), Bioresource Technology

High-Throughput Quantitative Biochemical Characterization of Algal Biomass by NIR Spectroscopy; Multiple Linear Regression and Multivariate Linear Regression Analysis, Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Multivariate Calibration Models for Sorghum Composition Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, NREL Technical Report

Near Infrared Calibration Models for Pretreated Corn Stover Slurry Solids, Isolated and in situ, Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy


Accurate and Reliable Quantification of Total Microalgal Fuel Potential as Fatty Acid Methyl Esters by in situ Transesterification, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

Algal Biomass Constituent Analysis: Method Uncertainties and Investigation of the Underlying Measuring Chemistries, Analytical Chemistry

Rapid Compositional Analysis of Microalgae by NIR Spectroscopy, NIR News

Separation and Quantification of Microalgal Carbohydrates, Journal of Chromatography A

Uncertainty in Techno-Economic Estimates of Cellulosic Ethanol Production Due to Experimental Measurement Uncertainty, Biotechnology for Biofuels

Variation in Biomass Composition Components among Forage, Biomass, Sorghum-Sudangrass, and Sweet Sorghum Types, Crop Science


Compositional and Agronomic Evaluation of Sorghum Biomass as a Potential Feedstock for Renewable Fuels, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy


Compositional Analysis of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks. 1. Review and Description of Methods, Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Compositional Analysis of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks. 2. Method Uncertainties, Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Compositional Analysis of Water-Soluble Materials in Switchgrass, Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Development and Validation of a Fast High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Method for the Analysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass Hydrolysis and Fermentation Products, Journal of Chromatography A

Feasibility of Spectroscopic Characterization of Algal Lipids: Chemometric Correlation of NIR and FTIR Spectra with Exogenous Lipids in Algal Biomass, BioEnergy Research

Life Cycle Environmental Impacts of Selected U.S. Ethanol Production and Use Pathways in 2022, Environmental Science & Technology


Assessing Corn Stover Composition and Sources of Variability via NIR, Cellulose 

Characterization, Genetic Variation, and Combining Ability of Maize Traits Relevant to the Production of Cellulosic Ethanol, Crop Science

Correlating Detergent Fiber Analysis and Dietary Fiber Analysis Data for Corn Stover Collected by NIRS, Cellulose

Improved Multivariate Calibration Models for Corn Stover Feedstock and Dilute-Acid Pretreated Corn Stover, Cellulose


Compositional Analysis of Water-Soluble Materials in Corn Stover, Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry


Metal Oxide Sensor Arrays for the Detection, Differentiation, and Quantification of Volatile Organic Compounds at Sub-Parts-Per-Million Concentration Levels, Sensors Actuators B: Chemical


Process for the Conversion of and Aqueous Biomass Hydrolyzate into Fuels or Chemicals by the Selective Removal of Fermentation Inhibitors, U.S. Patent No. 6737258B2

Use of Near Infrared Spectroscopy to Measure the Chemical and Mechanical Properties of Solid Wood, Wood Science and Technology


Rapid Biomass Analysis, presented at the 24th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

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