Electric Vehicle Technologies and Targets
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) set goals for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) to match the price and driving range of conventional gas-powered vehicles by 2022. NREL works closely with industry partners on battery, power electronics, and climate control innovations designed to reach these targets.
Learn more about NREL's research related to these goals, including the automotive components researchers are working to improve, in the slideshow below.
Often the most expensive PEV components, batteries need to be affordable, high performing, and long lasting. DOE has targeted a 75% reduction in battery cost and a 75% increase in battery capacity as major factors in making these vehicles attractive to a larger audience. NREL thermal management R&D is propelling battery designs toward these goals.
PEVs' heavy demands on power electronic systems make improvements to the cost and reliability of these components crucial. DOE calls for reducing power electronics costs by 75% and their size and weight by 35%. The thermal management techniques developed by NREL are moving advanced power electronics and electric motors toward these targets.
Climate control loads can double PEV energy consumption and cut range in half. DOE calls for reduction of these loads through energy management strategies, advanced HVAC equipment, and cabin pre-conditioning. NREL researchers believe they can increase PEV range by 10% during operation of the climate control system.