Skip to main content

West Virginia

An arrow graphic shows that West Virginia has no renewable portfolio standard.

Carve-out: None
Tracking system: PJM-Generation Attribute Tracking System (PJM-GATS)

West Virginia repealed its Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) in 2015, although solar credits can still be traded in the Pennsylvania and Ohio solar renewable energy credit markets. Net metering and interconnection rules in the state serve as the main drivers for mid-market solar customers up to 2 MW. However, the lack of third-party ownership limits the viability of power purchase agreement business models, thus place demands for up-front capital.

Net Metering

All utilities in West Virginia are required to offer net metering to retail customers. In 2015, a bill was passed to prohibit the cross-subsidiztion of ratepayers deemed to be caused by net metering rariffs. The Public Service Commission (PSC) is reviewing and revising net metering rules.

System size limit: Varies depending on customer and electric utility type
IOUs with 30,000 or more customers: residential 25 kW, commercial 500 kW, industrial 2 MW
IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers: residential 25 kW, commercial 50 kW, industrial 50 kW

Aggregate cap: 3% of previous year’s peak demand

Credit: Net excess generation is credited at the retail rate

RECs: Not addressed

Meter aggregation: Meter aggregation is allowed

Interconnection

West Virginia offers standard interconnection for distributed generation systems up to 2 MW, using IEEE 1547 as the technical standard of evaluation. There are two levels of review, based on system capacity:

System size limit: 2 MW

Liability insurance: Requirement varies by system size and type as established by PSC

External disconnect switch: Not required for inverter-based, certified systems ≤25 kW; utilities decide on requirement for systems >25 kW

Third Party Ownership

Third-party solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) are restricted in West Virginia.

Community Solar

Both physical and virtual meter aggregation is allowed within a single electric utility’s service territory. Currently there are no statewide community solar programs in West Virginia. However, there are community solar projects led by cooperatives, communities, and developers.

State Incentive Programs

West Virginia currently does not have any statewide financial incentives for midmarket solar.

Utility Incentive Programs

Check with local utility for utility incentive programs.

Resources

The list below provides some resources for each type of policy or program. Please reference and contact relevant authorities and local utilities for the most up-to-date and accurate information on state and utility policies and incentive programs.

Net Metering and Interconnection