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Florida

No renewable portfolio standard

Carve-out: None
Tracking system: No formally adopted tracking system

Florida's net metering program is capped at 2 MW, which allows midscale projects receive credit for their excess generation. However, the state disallows third party ownership power purchase agreements, limiting the development potential of the model. In 2014, the Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) voted to end the state's solar rebate program, many utilities responded by ending their utility programs at the end of 2015.

Latest Updates

  • In June 2017, Florida passed SB 90, which exempts 80% of the personal property tax and assessment of real property taxes for commercial properties.

Net Metering

The Florida PSC adopted rules for the state's Investor Owned Utilities (IOUs) and requires municipal utilities and electric cooperatives to develop their own net metering programs. Utilities must file annual reports with the PSC.

System size limit: 2 MW (IOUs)

Aggregate cap: Not specified

Credit: Net excess generation is credited at the retail rate and reconciled at avoided cost on a yearly basis

RECs: Customers retain ownership of Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)

Meter aggregation: Not allowed

Interconnection

Florida PSC adopted interconnection rules for renewable energy systems up to 2 MW in capacity. The interconnection rules apply to the state's IOUs but they do not apply to electric cooperatives or municipal utilities.

Eligible Systems Type of Interconnection
≤10 kW Tier 1 systems; no application fee; within 3 weeks
>10 kW and ≤100 kW Tier 2 systems; application fee of $240; 3 - 4 weeks
>100 kW and ≤2 MW Tier 3 systems; application fee of $750; within 60 days

System size limit: 2 MW

Liability insurance: Not required for Tier 1, utilities may require $1 million for Tier 2 and $2 million for Tier 3

External disconnect switch: Varies by tiers

Third Party Ownership

Third party solar power purchase agreements are not allowed in Florida.

Community Solar

Florida currently does not have any statewide community solar policy or program. Utilities and third party developers offer community solar programs.

State Incentive Programs

Program Administrator Incentive

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit

Office of Energy, Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

System owners are eligible for a production-based tax credit of $0.01/kWh for electricity sold to a third party. The rule stipulates that only output sold by the taxpayer to an unrelated party is an eligible basis for the credit.

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing

Local authorities

PACE allows property owners to repay loans for solar PV projects through a special assessment on the property over a specified loan term. Florida has authorized local governments to establish PACE programs for financing solar PV projects.

Solar Sales Tax Exemption

Florida Department of Revenue

Solar equipment is exempt from state sales taxes.

Non-residential Property Tax incentive Florida Department of Revenue Only 80% of the solar equipment's cost is taxable under the solar personal property tax and non-residential property tax.

Utility Incentive Programs

Utility Incentive Limitations

Orlando Utilities Commission

Offers to buy RECs for $0.05/kWh

Requirement for a steel electric meter base with the PV system.

City of Tallahassee Utilities

Offers on-bill financing at an interest rate of 5% for solar PV

Maximum $20,000

Gainesville Regional Utilities

Offers a low interest loan for solar PV through its Low-Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program

Maximum $10,000

Resources

The list below provides some resources for each type of policy or program. Please reference and contact relevant authorities and local utilities for the most up-to-date and accurate information on state and utility policies and incentive programs.

Net metering and interconnection

Programs and Incentives