Shriram Santhanagopalan

Researcher VI-Materials Science


Shriram Santhanagopalan leads the battery materials, analysis, and diagnostics team in NREL’s Center for Integrated Mobility Sciences. Working closely with leading battery and vehicle manufacturers, he has developed models, materials, and test methods to address battery performance and safety limitations. He participates in several committees focusing on battery standards and has authored more than 60 peer-reviewed articles and several book chapters. Before joining NREL, he was as a senior research scientist at Celgard, LLC, where he conducted fundamental studies of electrodes, evaluated polymers, developed new characterization tools for large-format batteries, and designed new components for automotive batteries.

Research Interests

Computer-aided engineering for electric-drive vehicle batteries

Electrochemical analysis and diagnostics (see related energy storage facilities)

Energy storage research

Energy storage thermal management

Energy storage thermal safety

Next-generation battery materials

Transportation research


Ph.D., Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina

B. Tech., Chemical and Electrochemical Engineering, Central Electro Chemical Research Institute

Featured Work

Defect Chemistry of Disordered Solid-State Electrolyte Li10GeP2S12, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (2020)

Properly Lumped Lithium-ion Battery Models: A Tanks-in-Series Approach, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2020)

Characterization of Aged Li-ion Battery Components for Direct Recycling Process Design, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2019)

Dynamic Mechanical Behavior of Lithium-ion Pouch Cells Subjected to High-Velocity Impact, Composite Structures (2019)

Electrochemical Properties and Challenges of Type II Silicon Clathrate Anode in Sodium Ion Batteries, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2019)

Numerical Investigation of Thermal Runaway Mitigation through a Passive Thermal Management System, Journal of Power Sources (2019)

Operando X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation and Evolution in Li2S-P2S5 Solid-State Electrolytes, Nature Communications (2018)

A Coupled Electrochemical-Thermal Failure Model for Predicting the Thermal Runaway Behavior of Lithium-ion Batteries, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2018)

Energy Efficiency Evaluation of a Stationary Lithium-ion Battery Container Storage System via Electro-Thermal Modeling and Detailed Component Analysis, Applied Energy (2018)

Effect of Aging on Mechanical Properties of Lithium-ion Cell Components, ECS Transactions (2017)

View all NREL publications for Shriram Santhanagopalan.