Research Interests

  • Inorganic synthesis and catalysis

  • Design, synthesis, and characterization of nanomaterials

  • Controlling surface chemistry for selective catalysis

  • Economic modeling of pre-commercial catalyst scale-up

  • Conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals

Affiliated Research Programs


  • Ph.D., Chemistry, Boston University, 2013

  • B.S., Chemistry, Boston College, 2008

Professional Experience

  • Staff Scientist, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), National Bioenergy Center (NBC), 2016–present

  • Postdoctoral Researcher, NREL, Chemistry and Nanoscience Center, 2014–2016


  1. "Metal phosphide catalysts and methods for making the same and uses thereof," U.S. Patent Application No. 62/170,906 (2015)

Featured Work

  1. "Late-Transition-Metal-Modified β‐Mo2C Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogenation during Guaiacol Deoxygenation," ACS Sus. Chem. Eng. (2017)

    Addition of H2-activating metals, Ni and Pt, to beta-Mo2C enhances hydrogenation during deoxygenation of the lignin-derived model compound guaiacol.Y-axis of bar graph is labeled HYD Selectvity % and ranges from 0 to 25. X-axis has 3 bars: Mo2C is about 1; Ni/Mo2C is about 8; Pd/Mo2C is about 3; and Pt/Mo2C is about 23.
  2. "Synthesis of α-MoC1-x nanoparticles using a surface-modified SBA-15 hard template and determination of structure-function relationships in acetic acid deoxygenation," Angewandte Chemie International Edition (2016)

    Illustration showing a brown circle on the left labeled Mo-amine with a white outer ring labeled Hydrophobic and a series of molecular structure images for trimethylsilyl groups at the bottom of the circle. This left image is a close-up inset of a series of six cylinders, brown on the inside and white on the outside, arranged around one central cylinder, and depicts a pore of a mesoporous SBA-15 silica that has been surface-modified with trimethylsilyl groups to retain a hydrophobic molybdenum-amine gel. It is labeled Surface-modified SBA-15. A black arrow leads to the right side of the graphic illustrated by a series of six white cylinders arranged around one central white cylinder, each with varying numbers of black dots inside, and labeled Interior NP-MoC1-x. A yellow-fading-to-green arrow goes from a molecular image of acetic acid in the upper right to molecular structures of acetone and acetaldehyde in the lower right and is labeled Acetic Acid HDO. This right side depicts that after heat treatment nanoparticles of MoC1-x are generated within the pores of the SBA-15 and the resulting catalyst performs acetic acid HDO, converting acetic acid into acetone and acetaldehyde.
  3. "A facile molecular precursor route to metal phosphide nanoparticles and their evaluation as hydrodeoxygenation catalysts," Chemistry of Materials (2016)
    Figure includes three panels. The first pane, labeled single-source precursors, depicts a bis(triphenylphosphine)rhodium(I) carbonyl chloride single-source precursor for producing rhodium phosphide nanoparticles, shown by a vertical line labeled PPh3 at the top, Rh in the middle, and PPh3 at the bottom. A diagonal line goes through the Rh center and is labeled Cl at the upper left, with a lined arrow leading from the left to the center, and the bottom right labeled CO with a black arrow leading from the right to the center. The middle pane shows a transmission electron micrograph of various black and grey squares in a mosaic pattern, and is labeled phase-pure, solid metal phosphide nanoparticles with Rh2P in the upper left. The third panel is labeled bio-oil compounds and shows a photo of grass biomass overlaid with the written reaction acetic acid plus hydrogen produces methane, ethylene, and acetaldehyde.

Additional Publications

  1. "An investigation into support cooperativity for the deoxygenation of guaiacol over nanoparticle Ni and Rh2P," Cat. Sci. Tech. (2017)

  2. "High-Throughput Continuous Flow Synthesis of Nickel Nanoparticles for the Catalytic Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol," ACS Sus. Chem. Eng. (2017)

  3. "Transitioning rationally designed catalytic materials to real 'working' catalysts produced at commercial scale: Nanoparticle materials," Catalysis (2017)

  4. "Pt–Mg, Pt–Ca, and Pt–Zn Lantern Complexes and Metal-Only Donor–Acceptor Interactions," Inorg. Chem. (2017)

  5. "Femtosecond Measurements of Size-Dependent Spin Crossover in FeII(pyz)Pt(CN)4 Nanocrystals," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (2016)

  6. "Evaluation of silica-supported metal and metal phosphide nanoparticle catalysts for the hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol under ex situ catalytic fast pyrolysis conditions," Top. Catal.  (2015)

  7. "Conceptual Process Design and Techno-Economic Assessment of Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass: A Fixed Bed Reactor Implementation Scenario for Future Feasibility," Top. Catal. (2015)

  8. "PtPt vs. PtS Contacts Between Pt-Containing Heterobimetallic Lantern Complexes," Inorg. Chem. (2013)

  9. "Heterobimetallic lantern complexes that couple antiferromagnetically through non-covalent PtPt interactions," Inorg. Chem. (2013)

  10. "Antiferromagnetic coupling across a tetrametallic unit through noncovalent interactions," Chem. Sci. (2012)

  11. "Platinum(IV)-κ3-terpyridine complexes: synthesis with spectroscopic and structural characterization," Chem. Commun. (2010)

View all NREL publications for Frederick G. Baddour.