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Maxwell Brown

Energy system modeler

| 303-275-3049

Maxwell Brown joined the Strategic Energy Analysis Center in early 2017 and is now part of the research staff in the Economics and Forecasting Group. His work at NREL focuses on the development of Regional Energy Deployment Systems (ReEDS) 2.0, ReEDS-U.S. Regional Energy Policy (USREP), as well as harmonization and linkage of ReEDS with the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM).

Prior to joining NREL, Brown was a researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory with the Energy Analysis Group, focusing on transportation fuel distribution networks and energy security issues surrounding biofuels. He worked as a systems administrator for the North Dakota State University (NDSU) College of Engineering throughout his undergraduate years.

Brown earned his B.S. in Economics and Statistics at NDSU after studying Computer Engineering at the North Dakota State College of Science. He earned his M.S. at the University of Maine, with an assistantship through the Energy Foundation that focused on modeling a transportation sector low-carbon fuel standard while developing his own agent-based model of electric vehicle diffusion. Brown’s Ph.D. research in the Mineral and Energy Economics program at the Colorado School of Mines focused on rare earths supply chains’ responses to Chinese policy, interactions of electricity storage with tradable performance standards, and methods to calibrate top-down, constant elasticity of substation technologies to bottom-up, engineering data. He also has studied Arabic language and studied abroad at the American University of Cairo.

Areas of Expertise

Energy policy analysis

Optimization and software development

CGE modeling and calibration

Supply chain modeling

Research Interests

Optimization and modeling techniques

Economic impacts of energy sector transformation

Fuel and electricity market interactions

Consumer adoption of energy-efficient technologies


Ph.D. in Mineral and Energy Economics, Colorado School of Mines (2017)

M.S. in Resource Economics and Policy, University of Maine (2012)

B.S., Economics and Statistics, North Dakota State University (2010)

Certificate in Computer Engineering, North Dakota State College of Science (2006)

Featured Publications

An assessment of U.S. rare earth availability for supporting U.S. wind energy growth targets, Energy Policy (2018)

Simulating Producer Responses to Selected Chinese Rare Earth Policies, Resources Policy (2018)

Exploring the Impacts of a National U.S. CO2 Tax and Revenue Recycling Options with a Coupled Electricity-Economy Model, Climate Change Economics (2018)

High-Octane Mid-Level Ethanol Blend Market Assessment, NREL Technical Report (2015)

Regional Credit Trading: Economic and GHG Impacts of a National Low Carbon Fuel Standard, Transportation Research Record (2014)

Catching the PHEVer: Simulating Electric Vehicle Diffusion with an Agent-Based Mixed Logit Model of Vehicle Choice, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulations (2013)

View all NREL publications for Maxwell Brown.