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Research Interests

Joshua Schaidle works in the Thermochemical Catalysis Research and Development group within the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) National Bioenergy Center (NBC) and leads a project focused on developing catalysts, processes, and reactor systems for the catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis vapors to produce fungible transportation fuels. Research interests include:

  • Biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals

  • Environmentally sustainable engineering practices

  • Photochemical and electrochemical routes for fuel production

  • Rational design of catalysts through the combination of experiment and theory

  • Early-transition metal carbide and nitride catalysts

  • Process design and optimization

  • Life-cycle assessment

Affiliated Research Programs


  • Ph.D., Chemical Engineering, Concentration in Environmental Sustainability, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 2011

  • B.S., Chemical Engineering, University of California at Santa Barbara, 2006

Professional Experience

  • Thermochemical Conversion Platform Lead, NREL, NBC, 2015–present

  • Staff Engineer, NREL, NBC, 2012present

  • Post-Doctoral Researcher, NREL, NBC, 20112012

Featured Publications

  1. "High-Throughput Continuous Flow Synthesis of Nickel Nanoparticles for the Catalytic Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol," ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering (2017)

  2. "Exploring Low-Temperature Dehydrogenation at Ionic Cu Sites in Beta Zeolite to Enable Alkane Recycle in Dimethyl Ether Homologation," ACS Catalysis (2017)

  3. "Production of Low-Oxygen Bio-Oil via Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis and Hydrotreating," Fuel (2017)

  4. "An Investigation into Support Cooperativity for the Deoxygenation of Guaiacol over Nanoparticle Ni and Rh2P," Catalysis Science and Technology (2017)

  5. "Late-Transition Metal Modified β-Mo2C Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogenation during Guaiacol Deoxygenation," ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering (2017)

  6. "Enhanced Hydrodeoxygenation of m-Cresol over Bimetallic Pt-Mo Catalysts through an Oxophilic Metal-Induced Tautomerization Pathway," ACS Catalysis (2016)

  7. "Organometallic Model Complexes Elucidate the Active Gallium Species in Alkane Dehydrogenation Catalysts Based on Ligand Effects in Ga K-edge XANES," Catalysis Science and Technology (2016)

  8. "Synthesis of α-MoC1-x nanoparticles using a surface-modified SBA-15 hard template and determination of structure-function relationships in acetic acid deoxygenation," Angewandte Chemie (2016)

  9. "The Role of the Support and Reaction Conditions on the Vapor Phase Deoxygenation of m-Cresol over Pt/C and Pt/TiO2 Catalysts," ACS Catalysis (2016)

  10. "Experimental and Computational Investigation of Acetic Acid Deoxygenation over Oxophilic Molybdenum Carbide: Surface Chemistry and Active Site Density," ACS Catalysis (2016)

  11. "Mixed Alcohol Dehydration over Brønsted and Lewis Acidic Materials," Applied Catalysis A: General (2016)

  12. "Conceptual Process Design and Economics for the Production of High-Octane Gasoline Blendstock via Indirect Liquefaction of Biomass through Methanol/Dimethyl Ether Intermediates," Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining (2016)

  13. "Conceptual Process Design and Techno-Economic Assessment of Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass: A Fixed Bed Reactor Implementation Scenario for Future Feasibility," Topics in Catalysis (2016)

  14. "Evaluation of Metal and Metal Phosphide Catalysts for the Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol under Ex-situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Conditions," Topics in Catalysis (2016)

  15. "A Facile Molecular Precursor Route to Metal Phosphide Nanoparticles and their Evaluation as Hydrodeoxygenation Catalysts," Chemistry of Materials (2015)

  16. "Synthetic Distillate-Range Hydrocarbons via Catalytic Dimerization of Branched C6-C8 Olefins derived from Renewable Dimethyl Ether," Energy & Fuels (2015)

  17. "Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over Early Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides: CO Activation and Chain Growth," Journal of Catalysis (2015)

  18. "Conversion of Dimethyl Ether to 2,2,3-trimethylbutane over a Cu/BEA Catalyst: Productivity Improvements through Hydrogen Incorporation," ACS Catalysis (2015)

  19. "Recent Advances in Heterogeneous Catalysts for Bio-oil Upgrading via 'Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis': Catalyst Development through the Study of Model Compounds," Green Chemistry (2014)

  20. "Nanoscale Carbide and Nitride Catalysts," Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry II (Second Edition) (2013)

  21. "Alumina Supported Pt-Mo2C Catalysts for Water Gas Shift Reaction," Journal of Catalysis (2013)

  22. "On the Preparation of Molybdenum Carbide Supported Metal Catalysts," Journal of Catalysis (2012)

  23. "High Activity Carbide Supported Catalysts for Water Gas Shift," Journal of the American Chemical Society (2011)

View all NREL Publications for Joshua Schaidle.