Skip to main content
Photo of Anne Elizabeth Ware

Liz Ware

Researcher III-Chemistry

| 303-384-6131

Research Interests

  • Lignin structure and composition

  • Terpenoid content in pine

  • Analytical method development

  • Pyrolysis oil characterization

Affiliated Research Programs

Areas of Expertise

  • Biomass composition analysis

    • Analytical pyrolysis

    • Thioacidolysis

    • Extractives (i.e., lipids, terpenoids)

  • Analytical instrumentation

    • Gas chromatography/flame ionization detector (GC/FID) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS)

    • Pyrolysis-GC/MS

    • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

    • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)

  • Catalysis

    • Heterogeneous catalysts for upgrading lipids (thermochemical and fatty acid methyl esters [FAMEs])

    • Heterogeneous catalyst analysis

      • Temperature-programmed desorption (TPD)

      • Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)

  • High-throughput analytical method development

  • Pyrolysis oil characterization

    • Components by GC/MS

    • Water content — Karl Fischer

    • NMR

    • Carbonyl content


  • Ph.D., Chemistry, University of Kentucky, 2013

  • B.S., Chemistry, Concord University, 2009

Professional Experience

  • Scientist, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, National Bioenergy Center, 2014–present

Featured Publications

  1. "Methods and Challenges in the Determination of Molecular Weight Metrics of Bio-oils," Energy & Fuels (2018)

  2. "Characterization of catalytic fast pyrolysis oils: The importance of solvent selection for analytical method development," Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2018)

  3. "High Throughput Screening Technologies in Biomass Characterization," Frontiers in Energy Research (2018)

  4. "The effect of coumaryl alcohol incorporation on the structure and composition of lignin dehydrogenation polymers," Biotechnology for Biofuels (2017)

  5. "Characterization of Endocarp Biomass and Extracted Lignin using Pyrolysis and Spectroscopic Methods," BioEnergy Research (2015)

  6. "Pyrolysis–GC/MS of Sinapyl and Coniferyl Alcohol," Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2012)

  7. "Mutagenesis Breeding for Increased 3-Deoxyanthocyanin Accumulation in Leaves of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench: A Source of Natural Food Pigment," J. Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2014)

  8. "Catalytic deoxygenation of triglycerides and fatty acids to hydrocarbons over Ni–Al layered double hydroxide," Catalysis Today (2014)

  9. "Sorghum mutant RG displays antithetic leaf shoot lignin accumulation resulting in improved stem saccharification properties," Biotechnology for Biofuels (2013)

  10. "Identification and thermochemical analysis of high lignin feedstocks for biofuel and biochemical production," Biotechnology for Biofuels (2011)

  11. "Microalgae as a renewable fuel source: Fast pyrolysis of Scenedesmus sp.," Renewable Energy (2013)

  12. "Catalytic Deoxygenation of Triglycerides to Hydrocarbons Over Supported Nickel Catalysts," Chemical Engineering Journal (2012)