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Energy Storage: Identifying and Mitigating Barriers to Use

April 1, 2012

Title: Market and Policy Barriers to Deployment of Energy Storage
Authors: Ramteen Sioshansi, The Ohio State University; Paul Denholm and Thomas Jenkin, NREL

Developments in the electricity industry have created a resurgence of interest in energy storage. Despite this interest, very little storage, beyond some small demonstration projects, has been deployed. While technical issues, such as cost, device efficiency, and other technical characteristics, are often listed as barriers to storage, there are a number of non-technical and policy-related issues. This paper surveys some of these main barriers and proposes some potential research and policy steps that can help address them. While the discussion is focused on the United States, a number of the findings and observations may be more broadly applicable.

—Jim Leyshon