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Afghanistan Resource Maps and Toolkit

Wind and solar resource maps and data products for Afghanistan allows you to examine the resource data in a geospatial context along with other key information relevant to renewable energy development, such as transportation networks, transmission corridors, existing power facilities, load centers, terrain conditions, and land use.

The high-resolution (1-km) annual wind power maps were developed using a numerical modeling approach along with NREL's empirical validation methodology. The high-resolution (10-km) annual and seasonal solar resource maps were developed using weather satellite data incorporated into a site-time specific solar mapping approach developed at the U.S. State University of New York at Albany. You can also incorporate location-specific data directly into the micropower optimization model, HOMER, to design least-cost hybrid renewable power systems to meet electric-load requirements at the village level.

These products were developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation (SARI/E). Access the Bilateral Partnerships for more on NREL's work with SARI/E.

Please contact Nick Grue for software technical assistance, comments, or suggestions.

You also can visit the Renewable Energy Data Explorer for more information on this and other countries.

Wind Resources


  • Wind Power Density (W/m2) at 50-m Above Ground Level (PDF 508 KB)

GIS Data

  • Graphical files of seasonal and diurnal data from surface weather stations (ZIP 16.7 MB)
  • Wind Power Density at 50-m Above Ground Level GIS Data (ZIP 1.4 MB)


  • Wind Resource Assessment Presentation (PDF 3.9 MB)

Solar Resources


  • Map of Meteorological Stations and Elevation (ZIP 272 KB)

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)

10-km Resolution Annual Maps (Direct)
Low-Res (JPG 104 KB) | High-Res (ZIP 330 KB)

40-km Resolution Annual Maps (Direct)
Low-Res (JPG 176 KB) | High-Res (ZIP 314 KB)

10-km Seasonal Maps (Direct):

40-km Seasonal Maps (Direct):

Photovoltaic (PV)

10-km Resolution Annual Maps:

40-km Resolution Annual Maps:

10-km Seasonal Maps (Latitude tilt):

40-km Seasonal Maps (Latitude tilt):

GIS Data


  • Satellite-Derived Resource Assessment in Afghanistan and Pakistan in support of the USAID South Asia Regional Initiative (PDF 1 MB)