Integrated Devices and Systems
NREL develops and evaluates devices and integrated systems that can help the electric grid function more efficiently, integrate energy in all forms, and be more resilient and secure under adverse conditions.
NREL research focuses on devices and systems on both sides of the electric meter.
Devices connect to the electric grid as:
- Individual energy generation technologies (such as solar photovoltaics, wind turbines, fuel cells, and microturbines)
- Storage technologies (such as batteries, flywheels, and thermal storage)
- Delivery technologies (such as conductors and transformers)
- Consumption technologies (such as electric vehicles; building loads; lighting; and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems).
As networks of devices, integrated systems are physically connected and linked by control systems and markets—such as in microgrid, distribution, and bulk-power systems.