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Carbon Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates

Carbon offsets are typically less expensive than installing hardware or undertaking large capital improvements; although offset costs could increase in the future as more countries adopt climate reduction targets.

While research campuses should not rely on carbon offsets long term, they can provide bridging strategies to "top off" programs to meet reduction targets.

Carbon offset programs involve buying the environmental attributes associated with a unit of energy produced from renewable energy sources. Campuses can also develop local programs to reduce climate impact and boost community relations through these reductions.

To understand options for climate action plans, evaluate the following: