R&D 100 Awards

NREL has won 71 R&D 100 Awards. Widely recognized as the Oscars of Innovation, the R&D 100 Awards are presented by R&D Magazine to identify and celebrate the top technological advances of the year.

Recent R&D 100 Awards


A NASA capsule floats in the ocean with a Coast Guard ship in the background.

Wave Energy Converter Simulator

Wave Energy Converter Simulator (WEC-Sim) is the first open-source code allowing wave energy developers to simulate WEC dynamics and performance, which lowers costs and reduces R&D cycle time in this pivotal and growing field.

A man points to a large modeling map of the United States


dGenTM is an open-source software that simulates customer adoption of distributed energy resources through 2050. Used by government and grid-planning organizations to predict future energy systems at high spatial resolution and under diverse scenarios, dGen is an engine for equitably and cost-effectively integrating more distributed energy resources.

Read more about NREL's 2021 R&D 100 Awards.


Two researchers in the lab holding a flexible solar cell.

Dimethylammonium-Containing Wide-Bandgap Perovskites

High-performance tandem solar cells that could allow vehicles to be powered directly by photovoltaics (PV). As the technology matures, the research could also enable the use of portable or wearable PV devices.

Four researchers in the lab at NREL.

Dynamic Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy for Low-Cost III-V PV Devices

Provides a means to bring high-priced, high-efficiency solar technology now used in the space program down to Earth at a reasonable cost. The dynamic hydride vapor phase epitaxy process removes key barriers to the mass production of III-V semiconductors.

An NREL leader showing a visualization presentation in a conference room to several people.

Regional Energy Deployment System 2.0

This free, open-access tool empowers users to explore least-cost pathways for large-scale power sector transformation. ReEDS allows users to examine the interactions among policy, technology, economics, and the environment when integrating renewables into the grid from now through 2050.

Concentrating solar power parabolic troughs.

Process for Mitigating Hydrogen Buildup in Parabolic Trough Power Plants

NREL and Acciona Solar Power Inc. developed a process and technology to reverse the effects of hydrogen buildup in operating concentrating solar-thermal power plants, returning production to original levels.

Read more about NREL's 2020 R&D 100 Awards.




PRECISE, which stands for PREconfiguring and Controlling Inverter SEt-points, is a tool that allows utilities to identify optimal inverter modes and settings and maximizes the cost-effective use of installed solar systems.

Woman giving ResStock overview.


A building analysis tool that allows states, municipalities, utilities, and manufacturers to identify which home improvements save the most energy and money.

Read more about NREL's 2019 R&D 100 Awards.


Researchers Scott Carmichael, Bethany Sparn and Xin Jin work with a home battery that integrates with a solar inverter and other controlled appliances as part of the forsee home energy management system.

foreseeTM Energy Management System

This software relies on user preferences to control and coordinate a home's connected appliances and electronics. It asks users to rank what's most important to them about living in their home and automatically adjusts the operation and scheduling of the devices accordingly.

NREL bioenergy researchers in the lab, left to right: Adam Bratis, Violeta Sanchez i Nogue, Todd Eaton, Gregg Beckham, Vassili Vorotnikov and Erik Karp.

Renewable Method To Make Carbon Fiber

Acrylonitrile through nitrilation provides a cleaner process to produce acrylonitrile, a building block for carbon fiber. Biomass replaces petrochemicals as the starting point, making the process renewable. More than 7 billion kilograms of acrylonitrile are produced globally each year for use in such products as clothes and carpets.

Read more about NREL's 2018 R&D 100 Awards.


NREL engineers Chuck Booten and Jon Winkler with the EcoSnap AC in their lab.

EcoSnap-AC Heat Pump System

An alternative to window-mounted air conditioning units, the device is quieter, more energy efficient, heats and cools, doesn't jeopardize home security, easy to install, and can be left in place year-round.

NREL researchers, Matthew Keyser and Ahmad Pesaran with the battery internal short-circuit device in the lab.

Battery Internal Short-Circuit Device

This device simulates a true internal short circuit within a battery cell, providing researchers with reliable data to determine how the size, resistance, and location of an internal short circuit will affect safety measures implemented in new battery designs.

NREL senior engineer and researcher Kevin Bennion receives an R&D 100 Award.

High-Temperature, Wide Bandgap Underhood Inverter

Wolfspeed's inverter is a traction drive for electric vehicles that could significantly boost their adoption by consumers. The company's partnership with NREL and Toyota ensures that the technology is adoptable for implementation into vehicle applications.

Read more about NREL's 2016 R&D 100 Awards.

Historical R&D Awards


Producing Bioethylene via Cyanobacteria: Makes bioethylene from cyanobacteria without the traditional use of petroleum while decreasing the amount of carbon dioxide emitted during production.

Read more about NREL's 2015 R&D 100 Awards.


Direct Monocrystalline Silicon Wafer Growth by High-Throughput Epitaxy: Provides a process to grow high-efficiency thin monocrystalline silicon solar cells in large quantities at a cost of about $.50/watt.

HP Apollo 8000 System: Uses component-level warm-water cooling to dissipate heat generated by the supercomputer, thus eliminating the need for expensive and inefficient chillers in the data center.

Read more about NREL's 2014 R&D 100 Awards.


Image Processing Occupancy Sensor: Combines an inexpensive camera with computer vision algorithms that can recognize the presence of human occupants.

Isothermal Battery Calorimeters: Provides the only calorimeters in the world capable of performing the precise thermal measurements needed to make safer, longer-lasting and more cost-effective lithium-ion batteries.

Mono-crystalline Solar Cells: Allows for a greater percentage of incoming sunlight to be converted to electricity relative to conventional crystalline solar cells.

Learn more about NREL's 2013 R&D 100 Awards.


Desiccant-enhanced Evaporative (DEVAP) Air-Conditioning Cycle: Cools commercial buildings using less energy than a traditional cooler, provides superior comfort in any climate, releases far less carbon dioxide, and could cut costly peak electricity demand by 80%.

SJ3 Solar Cells: Uses tunable bandgaps, lattice-matched architecture, and ultra-concentration tunnel junctions to achieve conversion efficiency of up to 50%.

Learn more about NREL's 2012 R&D 100 Awards.


Innovalight Silicon Ink Process: The first liquid silicon sold in the marketplace for use in solar cells.

Flash Quantum Efficiency (Flash QE) System for Solar Cells: A way to assess the quality of solar cells at a speed that is about 1,000 times faster than previous methods.

Optical Cavity Furnace: A system that efficiency of solar cells by 3%-4% by uniformly heating crystalline solar cells and semiconductor materials.

Learn more about NREL's 2011 R&D 100 Awards


"Black Silicon" Nanocatalytic Wet-Chemical Etch: An inexpensive, one-step method to reduce light reflection from silicon wafers, which reduces manufacturing production cost and capital expense.

Amonix 7700 Solar Power Generator: A generator that produces 40% more energy than conventional fixed photovoltaic panels.

Learn more about NREL's 2010 R&D 100 Awards.


Ultra-Accelerated Weathering System (UAWS): A multifaceted ultraviolet solar concentrator used to speed up the exposure of coatings, paints, and other materials to determine their durability and resistance to weathering.

SkyTrough Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrating Collector: A reflector material developed to create a ground-breaking and low-cost system for utility-sized power generation.

PowerPlane UX Microbattery: A safe, rechargeable, deep-cycle, thin-film lithium microbattery.

Learn more about NREL's 2009 R&D 100 Awards.


Inverted Metamorphic Multijunction (IMM) Solar Cell: A system that eliminates complex manufacturing methods for creating thin-film photovoltaics.

Hybrid CIGS (Copper Indium Gallium Diselenide): A new technology for manufacturing Hybrid CIGS, or thin film PV employing layers of copper indium gallium diselenide.

Learn more about NREL's 2008 R&D 100 Awards.


High-Efficiency Metamorphic Multi-junction (HEMM) Concentrator Solar Cell: The first solar cell to break the 40% conversion efficiency barrier.


TREAT with SUNREL Energy Analysis Software: A tool that makes it much easier for building professionals to perform accurate energy audits and reduce the impact of building energy use on the environment.

Sinton QSSPC Silicon Evaluation System: A system that helps manufacturers detect impurities and defects in silicon material early in the solar cell production process.

Learn more about NREL's 2005 R&D 100 Awards.


Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Biomass Cellulose to Sugars: An enzymatic hydrolysis technology that inexpensively breaks down the cellulose fraction of lignocellulosic biomass to sugars.

Lightweight, Flexible, Thin-Film CIGS PV Modules: The world's first portable, flexible PV systems made from copper indium gallium selenide for use in mobile applications.

Learn more about NREL's 2004 R&D 100 Awards.


High-Rate Vapor Transport Deposition for CdTe PV Modules: The world's first such mass-production method for making polycrystalline thin-film modules.


NanoCeram Nanoalumina Fiber: Fibers that are ideal for bioactive filtration, chemisorption of heavy metals, and bone tissue engineering.

PowerView Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic Module: A semi-transparent solar module that can be used in lieu of architectural glass for many applications.

Smart, High-Performance Polyphenylenesulfide (PPS) Coating System: A smart coating system that repairs itself.

Learn more about NREL's 2002 R&D 100 Awards.


Current-Interrupt Charging Algorithm for Lead-Acid Batteries: A simple approach for recharging lead-acid batteries that extends the cycle life of the batteries by 300% to 400%.

DRWiN Electronically Scanning Antenna: the world's first affordable, commercial scanning antenna.

Triple-Junction Terrestrial Concentrator Solar Cell: A solar cell that generates a lot of energy from just a very little amount of material.

Learn more about NREL's 2001 R&D 100 Awards.


Electroexploded Metal Nanopowders: A new approach to ultrafine metal powder production that opens up opportunities in materials science and commercial applications.

North Wind 100/20 Wind Turbine: A state-of-the-art wind turbine that is ideal for extreme cold conditions perfect for remote locations that may be off-grid or local-grid.

Real-Time Biomass Analysis: A portable system that employs a laser and a spectrometer to quickly and inexpensively determine the chemical composition and the mechanical properties of wood

Learn more about NREL's 2000 R&D 100 Awards.


Advanced Direct-Contact Condenser: A new way of condensing steam that enables geothermal electric plants to generate more electricity more cheaply.

Siemens Solar St-Family of Solar (CIS) Modules: The first large-area solar electric modules made from the promising thin-film material of copper indium diselenide.


UNI-SOLAR Triple-Junction Amorphous-Silicon Solar-Electric Modules: Thin, flexible, waterproof roof shingles that efficiently produce electricity from sunlight.

"Vermont" High-Throughput Gasifier: Turns wood chips into a clean gas for use in fuel cells or gas turbines to produce electricity.


"PV Optics" Software Light-Trapping Model for Solar Cells: Software that enhances and accelerates solar cell designs by modeling how light is absorbed in cell materials.

Chemical Production from Biologically Derived Succinic Acid: Derived from corn syrup (instead of petroleum), this acid is used to make clothes, paints, inks, plastics, and polymers.


Variable-Conductance Insulation Catalytic Converter: A great idea for clean air, this catalytic converter can be used on cars, small trucks, and SUVs to enable them to more than meet EPA's stringent new requirements for emissions.


Method for Making Silicon Carbide Powder: A novel technique for producing fine, pure, inexpensive powder for use in making industrial and electronic ceramic products.

Single-Fermenter Cellulosic Biocatalyst (Zymomonas): This metabolically engineered micro-organism enables the efficient conversion of wood, grass, waste and other cellulose material into ethanol fuel.


Transpired Solar Collector: A simple, elegant idea: a wall siding that uses strategically placed holes to capture solar energy to heat and ventilate buildings.


Ethanol from Corn Fiber: A process that enables the conversion of the carbohydrate portion of corn to ethanol fuel.

Scanning Defect Mapping System: Uses a scanning laser to produce maps of crystal defects in semiconductor materials.

Aqueous Chelating Etch: An innovative etching process used to develop microelectronic circuits, high-temperature superconductors, and opto-electronic devices.


Atomic Processing Microscope: This microscope enables the manipulation of single atoms and allows the properties of materials to be altered on a nanoscale.

Solar Detoxification of Hazardous Organic Materials in Groundwater: Uses sunshine and a simple catalyst to purify contaminated water.


Compact Vacuum Insulation: Very thin material providing extremely high insulation for use in refrigeration, walls, floors anything that needs to be kept warm or cold.

Gallium Indium Phosphide/Gallium Arsenide Tandem Solar Cell: A light, highly efficient solar cell that has become the world's standard for powering earth-orbiting satellites.

Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaic Modules: The first large-size devices to be made from this new thin-film material, which promises to help drop the cost of solar electricity.

Advanced Wind Turbine Blades: Wind blade designs that have become the industry standard and that produce up to 30% more electricity than previous designs.


Inexpensive Phenol Replacements from Biomass: A process that converts wood chips, sawdust, and bark into an oil for making plastics, glues, insulation, fuels, and chemicals.


Spectroscopic Scanning Tunneling Microscope: At forefront of nanotechnology, this instrument characterizes electro-optical materials down to the atomic scale.


Volume-Indexed Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: Provides 3-D information about the composition of electronic materials and devices.


Copper Indium Diselenide Solar Cell: The first solar cell to use very thin films (less than the thickness of a human hair) of a promising semiconductor material.

Flash-Evaporation Method/Apparatus (Spout Evaporator): An inexpensive and efficient way to evaporate water to steam, which drives a turbine to generate electricity.


Oxygen High Pressure Gasifier: Uses heat, oxygen, and pressure to turn wood and waste into a gas for generating electricity and heat.

R&D Magazine Awards

  • 2015 Editor's Choice Award — Producing Bioethylene via Cyanobacteria, Jianping Yu
  • 2014 Editor's Choice Award — HP Apollo 8000 System, Steve Hammond and Team
  • 2008 Editor's Choice Award — Hybrid CIGS (copper indium gallium diselenide), Dr. David Ginley and Team
  • 2008 Editor's Choice Award — Inverted Metamorphic Multijunction Solar Cell, Dr. Mark Wanlass and Team