Research Staff Biographies
Below is a listing of the NREL wind research staff organized in alphabetical order.
Librarian, National Wind Technology Center
MLIS, University of Western Ontario
B.A., University of Western Ontario
Jennifer joined NREL in 2012 and is a member of the Library Services team. She recently took on the role of NWTC Librarian, and splits her time between the NWTC Library and the main Library in the RSF. Jennifer provides information support services to the staff at the NWTC, such as research, literature searches, article retrieval, etc. Prior to joining NREL, Jennifer worked in both special and academic libraries in both the United States and Canada.
B.S., English with a Professional Writing Emphasis, Carroll University, Waukesha, Wisconsin
Sheri joined NREL and the NWTC in May 2012. Her primary responsibilities involve writing and editing a variety of documents and working closely with research staff on technical reports and proposals. Sheri has more than 15 years of experience as a professional writer and has written for a wide range of industries and organizations, including J.D. Edwards, IBM, Motorola, and Great-West. Prior to working for NREL, Sheri owned her own marketing writing business. Her career took a turn toward the scientific when she began writing and editing fire science briefs for the Joint Fire Science Program. Sheri then ventured into renewable energy by winning a subcontract from NREL. She is currently a member of the National Association of Science Writers and looks forward to learning more about—and communicating the importance of—innovative wind and water power technologies.
Senior Research Technician
Wind & Water Technology Deployment Manager
National Wind Technology Center and Deployment & Industrial Partnerships
M.S., Mechanical Engineering with a focus on RE technologies, University of Massachusetts
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Massachusetts
E. Ian Baring-Gould graduated with a MSME from the University of Massachusetts Renewable Energy Research Laboratory in 1995 and started working at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) of the United States. Ian's work at NREL has focused in three primary areas; applications engineering for Renewable Energy (RE) technologies, assistance in RE uses and educational outreach for renewable energy technologies, primarily wind. His applications work concentrates on innovative uses of RE, primarily the modeling, testing and monitoring of small power systems, end use applications and large diesel plant retrofit concepts. International technical assistance has focused in energy development for rural populations including the design, analysis, and implementation of remote power systems, primarily through NREL's Energy and Environmental, International Programs Office. Educational outreach, including field technical assistance, has focused in energy development for rural populations and school outreach programs such as the Wind for Schools program, both domestically and internationally. Ian also sits on the International Energy Agency research taskforce looking at wind turbine operation in cold climates and is an editor for Wind Engineering. Ian has authored or co-authored over 60 publications on wind energy and wind diesel power systems. Ian is currently the Wind Technology Deployment Manager at NREL, focusing on assisting organizations deploy wind technologies and addressing barriers to the implementation of wind energy through programs like DOE's Wind Powering America Project.
M.S., Technical Communications, University of Colorado at Denver
B.A., Mass Communications, Colorado State University — Pueblo
Ruth joined NREL in 2002, providing communications support for wind and solar research. In 2003 she relocated to the National Wind Technology Center. She now supports WINDExchange, DOE's platform for disseminating credible information about wind energy. She writes, edits, and manages communications projects including technical reports, conference papers, fact sheets, podcasts, and the biweekly WINDExchange e-newsletter, as well as authoring content for the WINDExchange website.
Prior to joining NREL, Ruth was a quality assurance editor for e-learning courses, the associate editor of a bi-weekly business journal, and a freelance writer, editor, and Web designer. She left NREL in 2008 and continues to support WINDExchange as a contractor.
Project Leader — Offshore Wind and Ocean Power Systems
B.S. Hotel Administration — Cornell University 2004
Arielle has been at NREL since 2009 and currently is the project coordinator for the Offshore Wind and Ocean Power Systems Project. Arielle is responsible for overseeing and coordinating the planning, management, execution and reporting of all work associated with the Offshore Wind and Water Power Project at the National Wind Technology Center. She Arielle also serves as the administrator to the U.S. Technical Advisory Group of IEC's Technical Committee 114: Marine energy — Wave, tidal and other water converters. Prior to joining NREL, Arielle worked in the hospitality sector managing the front desk and sales department at various hotels and through these positions she has a strong background in customer service and business management.
Senior Electrical Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder
M.S., Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder
B.S., Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder
Palmer joined NREL in 1986. In the fall of 1977, he took a year and half leave of absence from his professorship in the Electrical Engineering Department at the University of Colorado to assist in the creation of what has become the Wind Energy Test Site in the buffer zone adjacent to the Rocky Flats Atomic Energy Installation. During the next decade he kept in touch through occasional consulting at the Test Site. In 1986, he took early retirement from the University and was hired as a full-time employee at the Test Site. Early duties included engineering tests of local turbines at the wind site as well as membership of a traveling Design Review team that oversaw wind turbine subcontractors. Later responsibilities included about 5 years as Associate Technical Editor for Wind Energy Conversion in the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering. Another later duty was that of Operating Agent for Annex 13 of the International Energy Association Executive Committee for the Cooperation in the Development of Large-Scale Wind Systems. Following this, his work with the NREL low-speed, direct-coupled wind turbine resulted in several reports and papers, including Analytic Expressions for Maximum Wind Turbine Average Power in Rayleigh Wind Regime, (Carlin, 1997 AIAA Proceedings) and Some Analysis of Energy Production from the NWTC Variable Speed Test Bed, (Carlin and Fingersh, 1999 AIAA Proceedings). The former was awarded Best Conference Paper at the annual 1997 ASME Wind Energy Symposium. He has recently worked with the Wind Powering America project at state workshops and with Alan Laxson and Eduard Muljadi on a soon-to-be-published history of Variable-Speed Operation of Wind Turbines.
Administrative Project Manager, National Wind Technology Center
A.A., Santa Rosa Junior College
B.A., University of Colorado at Boulder
Corrie joined NREL in 2002 as the receptionist for the NWTC. Since then, she has progressively moved into positions that require more responsibility, including supporting the Applied Research Team, the Water Power Program and the Wind Powering America Team. She has coordinated program conferences, tracked programmatic activities, assisted with funding opportunities as well as handled subcontracts, staff travel, budgets and projects. Most recently Corrie has moved into a project manager position, working with the Federal Wind, Integrated Deployment and Wind Powering America programs.
Matt began post-doctoral research work at NREL in August 2009. His work involves the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to study the physical interactions of wind turbine wakes with other turbine wakes and with the surrounding atmospheric boundary layer. This is of interest in a wind farm setting where there are many turbines in relatively close proximity to one another. The wakes created by upstream turbines contain less momentum and more turbulence than the ambient wind; if these wakes impinge upon downstream turbines, those turbines may create less power and be subject to higher mechanical loading than in the non-wake situation. Ultimately, that can lead to less revenue generated and higher maintenance costs. A better understanding of these physical phenomena could lead to improved engineering tools that wind farm developers may use to design more efficient, less maintenance-intensive wind farms. Prior to NREL, Matt earned his master's and doctorate degrees in Aeronautical Engineering at Purdue University and his Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Nevada, Reno.
Administrative Assistant, National Wind Technology Center
Trinidad State Junior College
Beverly joined NREL in 2004 as the NWTC receptionist and a year later was hired as a full-time employee. Since then, she has progressively moved into positions that require more responsibility, including supporting the Research and Development group. Beverly provides conference support and logistical coordination for staff travel as well as organizing and overseeing day-to-day office needs. In 2010 Beverly took a position as the Administrative Assistant for Dr. Michael Robinson, Deputy Director for the NWTC. Prior to joining NREL, Beverly was employed by Oakridge Associated Universities, which worked on the decommissioning of Rocky Flats.
M.S., Electric Power Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
B.S., Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
Kara joined NREL in 2011 as a Principal Engineer in the Transmission Grid Integration Group, working on issues related to the integration of significant levels of wind and solar generation into the bulk transmission system. She is leading the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study, and NREL's transmission system integration work for DOE's solar program. Prior to joining NREL, Kara worked for GE where she was a principal contributor to many of the key U.S. wind integration studies and the development of dynamic models of wind and solar plants.
M.Eng, Engineering, Durham University, UK
Dr. Sci (Engineering), ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Dr. Clifton joined NREL in 2011 to set up the data processing systems for the NWTC's 135-m met towers. Since then, he has led several projects to characterize and use a range of lidar, sodar, and radar remote wind sensing devices. He helps to lead IEA Task 32 on wind lidar, and was one of the co-editors for the IEA's 2013 Recommended Practices on "Ground-based vertically-profiling remote sensing for wind resource assessment". Together with researchers in academia, national labs, and industry he is developing new techniques for predicting wind turbine performance in complex flows, leading to several publications. He contributes to industry working groups such as the Power Curve Working Group, and leads NREL's partnership in the Center for Research and Education in Wind. Prior to joining NREL, Andy worked for a wind energy consultancy, the Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research, and Alstom Power. He earned his Doctorate from ETH Zurich in 2007.
Laboratory Program Manager, Wind Program
M.S., Applied Science (Mechanical Engineering), New York University
B.A., New York University
David Corbus is the Wind Laboratory Program Manager at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Dave's previous work at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) gives him extensive experience to bring to this position. Dave worked as a staff engineer and senior engineer at the NWTC from 1994 to 2010. Dave's research in wind encompassed small turbine testing, domestic and international small wind turbine fieldwork, aero-elastic wind turbine simulations, analysis of coherent turbulent structures, and model validations from field test measurements. He later transitioned into research focused on operational impacts of high penetration of wind on the electric grid, studying costs for generation, transmission, and full cost of wind integration. Dave's work led him to interact very closely with regional grid operators and partners in the wind and electric utility industries.
Dave is an author/co-author on over 50 technical publications on wind and solar grid integration, wind turbine modeling, wind turbine testing, and other applications of renewable energy technology. He holds a Bachelor's and Masters of Science in Mechanical Engineering from New York University. Dave worked for two mechanical systems design companies after receiving his degrees and before joining NREL as a systems analyst in 1991.
Dave's grid integration work at the NWTC ultimately led to his current role as the LPM for Electricity Systems and DOE's Office of Electricity (OE), where he has served since 2010. In this role, Dave managed NREL's relationship with the Deputy Assistant Secretaries and Program Mangers at OE, including managers for Power Systems Engineering, National Electricity Delivery, Energy Infrastructure Modeling & Analysis, and the Advanced Grid Integration divisions within OE.
Dave has also been very successful in developing work for others agreements with a range of third parties, including the: Anschutz Corp., Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies, Western Area Power Administration, and the Energy Information Administration.
Senior Engineer and Manager of Wind Turbine Technology and Innovation,
National Wind Technology Center
B.S. & M.S., Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin
Jason Cotrell's current primary responsibilities are performing techno economic analysis and managing the Wind Turbine Reliability and Innovation Group at the NWTC that performs research, development, testing, and analysis of gearboxes, generators, advanced controls, and distributed wind turbines. During his 20 years at NREL, he has researched and developed wind turbine drive trains, advanced wind turbine rotors, wind-to-hydrogen systems, wind turbine blade and drive train testing equipment and facilities, and marine and hydrokinetic testing requirements and manufacturing supply chain needs. Most recently Jason has been focusing on the techno economic analysis and international competitiveness of the U.S. manufacturing supply chain, the analysis of U.S. transportation and logistics challenges for very large wind turbines and ultra-tall towers. He leads emerging areas of research including lumped parameter generator modeling and exploration of the potential of big data analytics to improve wind turbine reliability and performance.
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University
B.S. Mechanical Engineering, New Mexico State University
Scott joined the NWTC in August 2012 and currently supports engineering and testing efforts in the blade testing and field testing groups. Blade testing contributions include modal testing data analysis and the development of a fatigue analysis data processing tool used to determine the damage equivalent loads of blades undergoing dual-axis resonant fatigue testing. Field-testing responsibilities include mechanical loads analysis and modal testing. He brings experience in wind turbine structural/rotor dynamics, modal testing, structural health & condition monitoring and digital signal processing of wind turbine operating loads. Originally from Albuquerque, NM, Scott first cultivated a passion for renewable energy while pursuing his B.S. at New Mexico State University and sought an advanced degree with an emphasis on wind turbine research. His early wind turbine research was at the Purdue Center for Systems Integrity where he is credited with multiple technical publications.
Mechanical Engineer, Certification Blade Test Engineer, Testing Group
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL
Mike joined NREL in May of 2008 as an engineer in the testing group at the NWTC. His primary role as test engineer is to conduct static and fatigue structural testing of full-scale wind turbine blades for certification and research. Mike also does dynamic characterization of wind turbine structures and components.
M.S. Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Innsbruck (Austria)
Ph.D. Meteorology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Wind Energy (Denmark)
Caroline joined NREL in November 2012 as a numerical modeling expert to consult NREL on mesoscale modeling approaches. She is working to advance the current state-of-the-art in mesoscale modeling as it specifically pertains to wind energy. Caroline is using mesoscale models to do research on wind resources in various countries, modeling winds in the atmospheric boundary layer, and participating in on- and offshore boundary layer research. Further areas of interest include Large Eddy Simulations (LES), data assimilation for renewable energies, Ensemble Kalman Filters, and solar energy.
Prior to NREL, Caroline has been involved in wind energy through her master thesis at the University of Innsbruck, EU-wide wind energy projects, research visits at NCAR, and her PhD from DTU Wind Energy in Denmark.
Frederick R. Driscoll ("Rick") is a Senior Engineer on the Offshore Wind and Ocean Power Systems Team at NREL. Rick leads several Marine Hydrokinetic project areas, including instrumentation systems, testing protocols, and software tool development. He also is the U.S. administrator for the International Electrotechnical Commission — Ocean Energy Systems technical standards development efforts (IEC TC 114) and serves as a technical expert in mooring standards. He participates in offshore wind instrumentation and field measurement projects and mooring code development. Before joining NREL, Rick was an Associate Professor of Ocean and Mechanical at Florida Atlantic University (FAU), where he focused on ocean energy and navy projects for more than 10 years. While at FAU, he established and led the Center for Ocean Energy Technology, now the Southeast National Marine Energy Center and served on the Florida Energy Commission. Prior to joining FAU, Rick was president and CEO of Deep Sea Technologies Ltd., which specialized in the design and operation of remotely-operated vehicle systems, buoys, and heavy lift systems. He also worked at Mobil Oil, Gulf Canada Resources, and the Canadian National Energy Board. He received his Bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering, with a business management option from the University of Victoria in 1994, and a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering and Physical Oceanography from the University of Victoria in 1999. His publications include more than 30 journal and conference papers and he has two patents.
Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
M.S., Electrical Engineering, MS AED Economics; The Ohio State University
B.S., Electrical Engineering, BS Economics; University of Pennsylvania
Katherine joined NREL in 2011 to support an NWTC initiative for systems engineering methods applied to wind energy. The project is undergoing initial development and involves integrating engineering and cost-based analysis tools to analyze overall wind energy system performance. Katherine's PhD work in systems engineering involves understanding innovation and diffusion of wind energy technology. Her background in wind energy began while working as a wind program analyst for Green Energy Ohio in 2005 and as a data analyst for The Renaissance Group. In addition to wind energy, Katherine has worked as a system dynamics consultant to IBM's Smarter Cities Marketing Insights 2.0 initiative, a data quality analyst at EnerNOC for their demand management program, and as a controls engineer for GM's Hybrid Vehicle Program.
Erik joined the NWTC Systems Integration Team to work on different power system integration issues. Erik is currently researching the ancillary service impacts of variable generation, sophisticated scheduling programs, and steady-state power system modeling, frequency control, and topics related to the proper use of wind forecasts from a system operator point of view.
Erik came from the NY Independent System Operator, where he developed business rules for the energy management system and market management system, wind forecasting, and energy and ancillary services market tariff rules. He brings to the team experience in the operations of Independent System Operators (ISOs) and Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and their importance to the integration of wind energy. Erik received a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Binghamton University and an M.S. in Electric Power Engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology.
Business Support I, National Wind Technology Center
B.A, Environmental Studies; University of Colorado at Boulder
Minor in Economics
Sara joined the National Wind Technology Center in January 2014. She has a Bachelor's degree in environmental studies from the University of Colorado at Boulder. Sara has strong data management and editing skills gained through her work at the Institute of Alpine and Arctic Research. She specialized in biogeochemistry with an emphasis on soil science and had the opportunity to study soils throughout Northern California in the summer of 2010. Her passion lies in the great outdoors and more specifically on the running trails and climbing walls around Boulder, Colorado. This passion is what fuels her desire to help move renewable energy forward.
Director, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University
B.S., Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Prior to becoming director of the NWTC in 2009, Fort Felker was the co-founder and vice president of Winglet Technology LLC, a company that commercialized his patented design of "elliptical winglets" for business aircraft. Elliptical winglets reduce drag and fuel consumption, improving the range and takeoff performance of aircraft. Before his six year stint as an entrepreneur, Felker was an engineering analyst at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, where he developed the underlying theory and computational modeling for the hypersonic flow about re-entry vehicles undergoing extreme maneuvers. From 1994–1996, Felker worked in senior engineering positions at Kenetech Windpower. As manager of engineering modeling, he was responsible for developing wind turbine engineering analysis tools. Later as director of engineering analysis and test, he played a key role in the development of the KVS-45 wind turbine, and led a team of engineers and technicians in the testing of large wind turbine systems. His early experience includes nine years with NASA Ames Research Center and six years with the U.S. Army Research and Technology Labs, working on rotorcraft analysis and testing.
Felker holds one patent and is the author of 29 publications.
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University
Jason Fields is a wind energy engineer with experience on over 2,000 MW of wind project development activities spanning multiple continents. He specializes in early stage development, particularly wind resource assessment and risk analysis. After spending several years in the private sector with Black & Veatch, he is now a member of the NWTC staff. His research interests are instrumentation, mesoscale-microscale coupling, uncertainty analysis and risk assessment. Jason is also the U.S representative on several international research and standards tasks through the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the International Electro-technical Committee (IEC).
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado
B.S., Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado
Lee Jay joined NREL in 1993. For 7 years he was the test engineer on the Unsteady Aerodynamics Experiment turbine, culminating in the NASA Ames wind tunnel test. During that time Lee earned his Masters doing a dynamometer test on a permanent-magnet direct-drive generator. He has worked on the design and controls for the variable-speed test bed and administered many experiments as well as being an integral part of the team that designed the dynamometer that is currently in use at the NWTC. Lee has written papers on wind, hydrogen, and battery integration. Most recently, he is working on the CART turbine, including writing its control system specifications and developing the three-bladed CART turbine, which also includes writing new control system specifications. Lee has supported many industry projects including blade tests, dynamometer tests, and full-system developments for GE, the WindTurbine Company, Clipper, Southwest WindPower, and Windward.
Paul Fleming joined the NWTC in 2009. In his initial work, Paul completed the real-time control-system for the CART3 (Controls Advanced Research Turbine 3-bladed) to bring the turbine online. The CART3 is a 600kW variable-speed wind turbine, which is used for field-testing advanced control systems. Paul currently works on the development, analysis, and field-testing of advanced control systems for wind turbines to achieve power-capture maximization, load reduction, and grid frequency support through active power control. Additional research topics include system identification for wind turbines and wind plant control. Paul Fleming completed his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Vanderbilt University in May of 2009. He also received his master's degree from Vanderbilt and his B.S. from SUNY Binghamton in 2003.
Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, State Engineering University of Armenia
M.S., B.S., Electrical Engineering, Yerevan Polytechnic Institute, Armenia
Vahan joined NREL in October 1994 and has served many roles over the years. He is currently working with Transmission and Grid Integration group focused on renewable energy impacts on transmission and interconnection issues, and dynamic modeling of variable generation systems. He is involved with many different areas including dynamometer and field testing of large and small wind turbines, dynamometer testing of wind turbine drive train components, development of advanced data acquisition systems, and wind turbine power quality. Vahan provides technical support to NREL industry partners and major US wind turbine manufacturers. His involvement in modeling and testing efforts for various hybrid systems and small wind turbine applications includes battery charging, ice making, and water pumping. He is member of the IEC team for wind turbine power quality standard. His contributions to NREL research have been recognized through multiple Outstanding Individual and Team Staff Awards.
Deputy Center Director (Acting), National Wind Technology Center
B.S., General Engineering, University of Illinois
Jim joined NREL (SERI) in 1978 and joined the NWTC in 1992. He has managed turbine development subcontracts with small wind turbine manufacturers since 1996. These subcontracts require an iterative process of design, critical review, fabrication, and testing to develop new, more cost-effective small wind turbines. He has represented the interests of the wind industry within the IEEE P1547 standards working group, addressing interconnection of distributed resources. He also contributes to the Wind Powering America Program as a workshop speaker and as a resource on small wind applications. He has also engaged in research on small wind applications, including development of the Hybrid2 model, a detailed simulation of the performance of off-grid hybrid power systems. Prior work at NREL included research on solar thermal central receivers, solar ponds, thermal storage, and industrial process heat technologies. Throughout the 1980s, he participated in research on open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), including the engineering design of a successful net-power-producing experiment in Hawaii, a fully-functional and grid-connected OTEC power plant.
Ph.D., Ohio State University
M.S. and B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong Universiti, China
Yi joined NREL in September 2011 as postdoctoral researcher and worked on wind turbine gearbox reliability, dynamic modeling of wind turbines and drivetrains, drivetrain cost and scaling tool development, and field data processing. Her Ph.D. dissertation at the Ohio State University focused on multibody and nonlinear dynamics, vibration, and structural acoustics of planetary gear drivetrains.
Ph.D. in mechanical engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder
M.S. in mechanical engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder
B.S. in mechanical engineering, University of Wyoming, Laramie
Maureen joined NREL's staff in 1995 and has been a senior engineer with the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center (SEAC) since 2008. As an analyst for SEAC, Maureen's responsibilities include developing transparent cost models for wind energy; electric system modeling scenarios; wind turbine cost and scaling models; and conducting wind technology development risk analysis. Her areas of expertise include: active control systems for utility-scale wind turbines; advanced control systems; numerical modeling and control system design; assessing future wind technology cost and performance estimates; and survey methods for estimating the value of wind energy. Maureen is also a member of the Mechanical Engineering Department External Advisory Board at the University of Wyoming and a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Wind Energy Technical Committee.
Research Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Chemical Engineering, Purdue University
M.S., Chemical Engineering, Åbo Akademi, Turku, Finland
B.S., Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University
Bri-Mathias works in the area of renewable energy integration into power systems, with a focus on operational issues. He has been involved in projects in a number of different areas including: wind and solar power forecasting, stochastic unit commitment, renewable integration costs, and residential demand response.
National Wind Technology Center
Senior Research Technician
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Denver
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Arizona State University
Arlinda joined NREL in1995. Her activities include field testing of small and large wind turbines. She is involved in noise, power performance, and loads testing of wind turbines as well as duration and safety and function for small wind turbines. She also is the secretary of the IEC maintenance team for the wind turbine noise standard. Arlinda was also involved in the accreditation of certification testing at the NWTC.
Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, Iowa State University
M.S., Statistics, Iowa State University
Diploma, Industrial Engineering, Universidad Pública de Navarra
Eduardo joined NREL in 2011. He is a member of the Transmission and Grid Group. He is currently involved in the development of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS). He is studying the contribution from wind and solar power to long-term system resource adequacy and is a developer of NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS).
Prior to joining NREL, Eduardo was a graduate student at Iowa State University, where he developed the National Energy and Transportation Planning tool (NETPLAN), a multi-objective, long-term investment model that aims at understanding the interdependencies between the national energy and transportation sectors and the trade-offs between cost, sustainability, and resiliency.
Wind & Water Technology Deployment — Senior Project Leader
National Wind Technology Center
M.B.A., with an emphasis in finance and marketing, Ball State University
B.S., Physics, Ball State University
Mark joined NREL and the NWTC in 2013. Mark's work at NREL is focused in three primary areas; international assistance via renewable resource assessments and developing capacity building strategies; educational outreach for renewable energy technologies, primarily wind; and developing solutions for the various market barriers of wind energy. Mark will be supporting the Wind Powering America initiative and the Wind for Schools program. Prior to joining NREL, Mark's career spanned a diverse background of energy positions from energy efficiency program development for large commercial and industrial customers, to transmission and interconnection queue management, to natural gas-fired electric generation development, to utility-scale wind energy development. He has developed expertise in energy plant siting, stakeholder engagement strategies, permitting, contracting, interconnection queue management, and power marketing. Additionally, he has been responsible for leading and/or supporting various renewable legislative lobbying efforts within the midwest and western states. Mark has been responsible for over 1,000 megawatts of generation projects built or under contract, primarily wind.
Lead Technician, National Wind Technology Center
Instructor in the Instrumentation Career Field
Instrumentation Technician and a Ground Radio Equipment Repairman, United States Air Force (1975–1985)
Dave joined NREL (SERI) in 1985. He specializes in data acquisition and instrumentation and has served as lead technician on several NREL projects. Dave has installed instrumentation on met towers and all classifications of wind turbines, and he has experience with SODAR and tall towers.
Dave joined the Independent Testing team by participating in Skystream 2 testing in 2006 and Mariah testing in early 2008. Dave worked under other staff members to become familiar and proficient in the testing requirements in accordance with IEC and MEASNET standards and in the procedures used in the NWTC's quality assurance system under its A2LA accreditation. Dave is a fully qualified member of the certification test team for power performance, loads, safety and function, and duration testing.
National Wind Technology Center
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University
B.S. Engineering Physics, University of Colorado
Tony joined NREL in 1996. He currently works within the WindPowering America and Distributed Wind Technology programs. His current activities include leading DOE/NREL's small wind turbine Regional Test Center project, administering NREL's Native American Anemometer Loan Program, and wind project analysis work on behalf of various Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) clients. Past work includes development of wind farm and small wind project analysis tools, wind project economic impact analysis, and modeling of hybrid systems.
Tony is an Engineer Officer in the Army Reserve. He spent a year deployed in Iraq as a project manager with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers working on various reconstruction projects.
Joint Appointee Scientist / Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor Colorado School of Mines
Ph.D., M.S., Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder
B.S., Electrical Engineering, Clarkson University
Professor Johnson has been a faculty member at the Colorado School of Mines since 2005 and jointly appointed with NREL since 2011. Previously, she was a Postdoctoral Researcher and held various student positions at NREL from 2001 to 2005. Dr. Johnson's research interests are centered on control systems and control applications, especially wind energy. Some of her current and recent wind energy control projects include a project to improve the energy capture of wind farms using coordinated turbine control, a study of LIDAR-based feed forward control strategies for load reduction on wind turbines, research in wind turbine fault detection and fault-tolerant control,and an analysis of the use of wind turbine control for grid support.
Senior Scientist, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Mathematics, Colorado State University
B.A., Computer Science and Mathematics, Dordt College
Bonnie joined NREL in 2003 and spent several years researching the effects of atmospheric turbulence on the dynamic response of wind turbines. She has been involved in processing and analyzing meteorological data collected from several experiments, including sonic anemometer, LIDAR, and SODAR measurements from the Lamar Low-Level Jet Project in southeastern Colorado. Bonnie is the lead developer of NREL's TurbSim computer-aided engineering tool, which numerically simulates stochastic, full-field, turbulent wind and coherent structures. She led the coding and interface redevelopment of NREL's aerodynamics simulation tool, AeroDyn; and she works on other NREL/NWTC software including FAST, FAST for Simulink, Adams2AeroDyn, and the NWTC Subroutine Library. Bonnie is responsible for developing software standards for the NWTC computer-aided engineering tools and leads the redevelopment of the interfaces between the tools.
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University
B.S.E., Mechanical Engineering, Dordt College
Jason joined NREL in 2000 and is the lead developer of the FAST and FAST-to-ADAMS preprocessor computer simulation software for modeling the dynamic response of land- and offshore-based wind turbines. He also provides technical support to designers, consultants, and researchers throughout the wind energy industry. He has performed studies to verify and validate the simulation software, has published many papers on wind turbine dynamics, and has assisted in the certification of wind turbine design loads.
Jason is currently leading the wind turbine dynamics model development activities at NREL. He is co-chairing an IEA research annex on developing and verifying simulation models for fixed-bottom and floating offshore wind energy concepts. He is the principle investigator for a DOE-funded project to improve the modeling of offshore floating wind system dynamics and is providing guidance to several projects aimed at validating these models. He also is a U.S. representative on the IEC working group to develop an international standard for the design of offshore floating wind turbines.
Prior to joining NREL, Jason worked as a researcher at DOE's Industrial Assessment Center at Colorado State University and as a tool design engineer at the commercial airplane division of Boeing.
Senior Engineer, Wind Innovation & Reliability Group
Ph.D., Penn State, 2001
M.S., Penn State, 1997
B.S., Penn State, 1995
Jon joined NREL in 2011 to manage for the NWTC Gearbox Reliability Collaborative, a consortium of government, industry, and university partners who are addressing reliability issues in wind turbine drive trains through focused testing, analysis, and modeling. Prior to joining NREL, Jon worked for the U.S. Army for 10 years at the Aviation Engineering Directorate in Redstone Arsenal, AL , developing condition monitoring systems and capabilities to reduce the cost and maintenance burdens, while increasing availability and safety, for the Apache, Blackhawk, Chinook, and Kiowa Warrior helicopters. His Ph.D. thesis at Penn State focused on the prediction of transient aeroelastic blade deflections and loads for rotorcraft during startup and shutdown operations on board naval ships.
Energy Analyst, Market and Policy Impact Analysis Group
M.S., environmental studies, University of Colorado, Boulder
B.A., biology, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, VA
Eric joined NREL's staff as an energy analyst in 2008. His primary areas of research include policy applications for expanding renewable energy markets, evaluating economic and fiscal impacts of energy policy alternatives, and social acceptance of renewable energy infrastructure. Eric was a contributing author to the International Energy Agency Wind Task 26, The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy, published in 2012, and the 2011 Cost of Wind Energy Review published in 2013.
Prior to gaining a fulltime position at NREL, Eric was a graduate research partner to NREL and a client services specialist for Pace Analytical Services in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Ph.D., Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University
B.S., Yonsei University
Sang joined NREL in October 2010. His research focus is on investigating critical fatigue load caused by neighboring turbine wakes and extreme gusts. He is one of the main developers of the Simulator for Wind Farm Applications. His research experience prior to joining NREL includes large eddy simulation of shock boundary layer interaction control and direct numerical simulation of isotropic turbulence.
Communications Team Lead, Wind and Water Power Program
B.A., Journalism, Mass Communications, University of Northern Colorado
B.A., Speech Communication, Human Communication, University of Northern Colorado
Alex joined the NWTC as the Wind and Water Power Program Communications Team Lead in July 2011. Alex will serve as the primary interface to the Wind and Water Power Program management team to develop communication strategies and plans, implementing effective solutions and products to highlight the accomplishments and capabilities of the Wind and Water Power Program. Alex is an experienced sales manager and project manager with an expertise in publishing, communications, training, and public speaking. Prior to joining NREL, Alex spent two years as a senior account executive for Energy Central, a multimedia publisher for electric power professionals. Prior to that, Alex spent 15 years with Crain Communications' RCR Wireless News, a publishing firm providing wireless and mobile industry news, insights, and analysis to industry and enterprise professionals. During her tenure at RCR Wireless News, Alex was a senior sales manager and produced more than $20 million dollars in revenue selling across multiple advertising platforms including print, interactive and multi-media publishing, e-newsletters, websites, webcasts, events, and custom publishing. Alex is a Colorado native, enjoys traveling with her husband and son, and is an ambassador for the Colorado March of Dimes.
Program Integrator/Senior Project Leader
M.B.A. Cornell University
M.S. BioEngineering, Clemson University
B.S. Mechanical Engineering, Lehigh University
Al has been part of the Wind and Water Power Program Management Team at NREL since 2009. He helped establish NREL's new Water Power Program and built the technical team that focuses on marine and hydrokinetic technologies. He also facilitates business development and partnership activities at the National Wind Technology Center. Prior to joining NREL, Al managed Business Development and Operations while growing an early stage R&D informatics company and worked as a management consultant on a diverse set of engagements ranging from assessing market growth opportunities for a market leading diagnostic equipment manufacturer to optimizing information flows for critical decision making at a multi-national research and development organization. He was also a Senior Staff Scientist at Baxter CardioVascular Surgery, where he investigated the failure mechanisms of heart valve implants and worked on design modifications aimed to increase their operational lives.
Joint Appointee Scientist / Assistant Professor at University of Colorado at Boulder
Ph.D., M.S., Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder
B.A., English and Physics, Trinity University
Professor Lundquist joined the faculty of the University of Colorado at Boulder in January 2010, with an appointment in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. She also enjoys a joint appointment at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Her research group uses both observational and computational approaches to explore the fundamental dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer. Much of her work focuses on wind energy applications, particularly forecasting of wind resources, modeling wind turbine wakes, quantifying downwind impacts of wind turbines, and assessing climate change impacts on wind resources. Previously, Dr. Lundquist was a scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the San Francisco Bay Area. She designed and led wind energy projects, as well as atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling and verification projects.
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder
Ben Maples joined NREL in 2009 as a member of the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. During his first year at NREL Ben earned his Masters performing analysis on the use of plug in hybrid electric vehicles for peak shaving. His main research areas focus on developing a comprehensive cost and scaling model for utility-scale wind turbines and assessing future wind technology cost and performance estimates. Prior to his career in wind energy, Ben worked for an energy services company and as an engineering design consultant for the robotics industry.
Postdoctoral Researcher, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, McGill University
Marco Masciola joined NREL in September 2011. As a postdoctoral fellow, his research activities at NREL are focused on dynamic modeling and design analysis of ocean energy devices, and the development of a numerical tool to simulate the response of mooring lines in offshore wind and marine hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. He is working with API standards and DNV/ABS guidelines on offshore moorings and applying them to renewable ocean energy systems. Prior to arriving at NREL, Marco was a Ph.D. student at McGill University in Montréal, Canada, where he studied the platform-mooring line coupling mechanisms in floating offshore systems. This research was funded by grants through the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la nature et les technologies (FQRNT). Marco's research background is multidisciplinary, combining mechanical engineering with elements of physical oceanography and computer science.
Mark McDade is a project manager with NREL's National Wind Technology Center. He is responsible for the NREL Grid Simulator program and the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Database and is a member of the 5 MW dynamometer upgrade team. Mr. McDade has a Master's degree in information systems management and leadership experience in high-tech manufacturing. He has been with NREL and its predecessor, SERI, a total of more than 10 years over two different periods.
Senior Project Manager
B.A., Finance, University of Puget Sound
Peter McMillin is the construction manager at the NWTC. Peter joined NREL in 2009 as a senior project manager for the RSF II as part of the Infrastructure and Campus Development Office group. In addition to the RSF expansion, he was responsible for the installation of 2.5 MW of PV on the Golden campus and the construction of the Café. Upon successful completion of those projects, he was assigned to manage construction activities at the NWTC.
Prior to joining NREL, Peter owned and operated a heavy, industrial, nuclear and marine construction company in Richland, Washington. He has also managed companies in southern California and the San Francisco Bay area as well as numerous power and nuclear projects throughout the United States, including the TA-55 Upgrade at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico; the Portsmouth Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Plant in the Ohio Valley; the Paducah Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Plant in Kentucky; the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository in Nevada; Tennessee Valley Authority projects; numerous projects at the Hanford Project on the Columbia River in Washington; and the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station in California. In addition, Peter worked briefly in Taipei on a combination $8B oil-fired power plant and a 270-MGD desalination facility on the coast of Saudi Arabia.
Peter has two children; Jerry, 26, in San Diego and Katy, 29, in San Francisco.
Ph.D. Economics, University of Colorado, Boulder
M.A. Economics, University of Colorado, Denver
B.A. Mathematics, Philosophy, Albion College
Michael came to NREL's wind energy program in 1992 and is now principal researcher in the Transmission and Grid Integration Group at NREL. He has worked on numerous operational and planning issues related to the integration of wind and solar energy into the bulk power system. He has published more than 140 technical reports, journal articles, and book chapters. He participates on the leadership team for the North American Electric Reliability Corporation's Variable Generation Task Force, co-chairing the probabilistic methods working group; the Variable Generation Subcommittee for the Western Electric Coordinating Council; and the International Energy Agency Task 25: Design and Operation of Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind Energy. Michael has served on numerous technical review committees for wind integration studies, provided testimony at public utility commission hearings and workshop presentations, and served on the Wind Task Force for the Western Governors' Association Clean and Diverse Energy project. Among several current projects is an evaluation of the operating reserve impacts of the proposed Energy Imbalance Market in the Western Interconnection.
M.S., Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester
B.S., Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester
Paul joined the NWTC in 2011 as an engineer for the Testing & Operations/Test Projects & Partnerships group and works on certifying turbines according to IEC standards, particularly power performance and power quality.
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Aeronautical Engineering, Stanford University
M.S., Aeronautical Engineering, Stanford University
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan
Dr. Moriarty is the lead of the Aero and System Dynamics group and has been at NREL since 2001. Dr. Moriarty's research focuses are wind turbine design and systems engineering, statistical loads extrapolation, aerodynamics and aeroacoustics of wind turbines. He has developed design techniques that enable industry to more reliably predict loads and produce cheaper designs. He is involved in the development of advanced turbine noise measurement instrumentation and has developed aerodynamic and noise prediction models used in wind turbine simulation tools. Currently, he is working on computational models for wind turbine wakes and array effects using computational fluid dynamics. He leads an International Energy Agency Task on wind turbine wake model validation. He has published over 30 papers related to wind energy and also served as Guest Editor for both the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering and Wind Energy.
Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison
M.S., Electrical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison
B.Sc., Electrical Engineering, Surabaya Institute of Technology
Ed was on the Faculty of Electrical Engineering Department at the California State University—Fresno from 1988–1992. Ed joined the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in 1992. He is a member of the Transmission Grid Integration Group at NREL. His research projects are in the fields of electric machines, power electronics, and power systems with emphasis on renewable energy applications. He has been involved with many different projects for industry and utilities, including variable speed wind turbine development, electric machine design and optimization, isolated operations (battery charging, self-excitation, and water pumping), and wind power plant design (collector system equivalent), operation, dynamic model development, and system integration.He has written numerous publications (papers, reports, book chapters, IEEE, and IEA standard/recommended practice), and was the recipient of an IEEE-Prize paper. He holds two patents in renewable energy power conversion for a variable speed wind turbine generator and a peak power tracker for photovoltaic applications. He collaborates with the Utility Wind Integration Group, Western Electricity Coordinating Council, Midwest ISO, and ERCOT in the area of dynamic modeling and analysis.
Ed is a member of Eta Kappa Nu, Sigma Xi, and a Fellow of the IEEE. He is involved in various committees of the IEEE Industry Application Society and IEEE Power and Energy Society, and he is currently an editor of the Transactions of Energy Conversion of the IEEE-PES.
Principal Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Massachusetts
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Massachusetts
Walt Musial has worked at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) since August 1988 serving in many roles over the years. Walt currently leads the offshore wind energy research activities at NREL. He also serves as the technical administrator for the U.S. technical advisory group to the International Electro-technical Commission's standards committee on marine renewable energy.
In 1989 he initiated the development of NREL's structural test facilities, which have tested more than 100 wind turbine blades. He expanded the facilities to keep up with the rapid growth in wind turbine size, including the conceptual design and implementation of the Industrial User Facility in 1996. The structural test facilities are the only facilities outside of Europe with these capabilities. Walt also was responsible for the design and implementation of the dynamometer test facility that was commissioned in 1999. This facility was the first one in the world capable of testing full-scale wind turbine drive trains.
Walt provides technical support to NREL's industry partners and is a founding member of the American Gear Manufacturers Association committee to develop design standards for wind turbine gearboxes. He began at NREL as test engineer on the unsteady aerodynamics experiment which has become the landmark research reference for understanding wind turbine performance in stalled conditions. Walt began his career in the 1980's working as a field test engineer in the commercial wind energy industry in California working for ESI Inc. and U.S. Windpower. His career interests were solidified in 1979 when he began studying renewable energy engineering at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, where he earned his bachelor's and master's degrees in mechanical engineering.
B.S., mass communications, Colorado State University — Pueblo
Frank Oteri holds a B.S. in mass communications with an emphasis in print journalism and a creative writing minor from Colorado State University-Pueblo. Frank is a writer and researcher who has worked in the wind energy industry for the past six years as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative at NREL. He has developed databases to track and record his research pertaining to the economic impacts of wind farms, wind energy component manufacturing, and wind energy ordinances at the state and local levels. He has researched, written, and contributed to multiple wind energy publications on topics such as wind industry manufacturing, wind energy education, Wind Powering America success stories, built-environment wind turbines, wind industry market reports, wind and wildlife, and wind energy myths. He also researches website content and maintains online databases.
Richard and Joy Dorf Professor
Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering Department
University of Colorado Boulder
Ph.D., M.S., B.S., Electrical Engineering, Stanford University
Professor Pao has been a faculty member at the University of Colorado Boulder since 1995. She was a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University during 2001-2002 and a Visiting Miller Professor at the University of California at Berkeley in 2008. Her primary research area is investigating and understanding combined feedforward and feedback control methods, with diverse applications ranging from atomic force microscopes, disk drives, and tape systems to multimegawatt wind turbines. In the wind energy area, her research group is working on preview wind measurement and estimation techniques; feedforward and feedback control of wind turbines; active power control of wind turbines to provide frequency support services to the grid; optical sensing and distributed thermal control for de-icing wind turbine blades; and coordinated control of arrays of turbines on wind farms. She has been active in a number of professional societies and is currently an IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS) Distinguished Lecturer, a member of the IEEE CSS Board of Governors, and General Chair for the 2013 American Control Conference.
Wind Energy Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Boise State University
Zachary joined NREL staff as a mechanical engineer in 2012. He specializes in supporting wind project development with adaptable technical solutions in the area of wind resource assessment and siting. Having spent several years in the private sector with project developers and turbine manufacturers, he is now working to assist the industry as a whole with his work at NREL. His research interests include site prospecting, met campaign design, remote sensing, data analysis, plant layout optimization, design for suitability, mesoscale-microscale coupling, loss analysis and uncertainty analysis.
Engineer, Blade Testing, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg VA
M.S., Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg VA
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY
Nathan Post joined NREL in 2010. His focus is on full-scale structural testing of wind turbine blades and related components for certification and research. Nathan works as a technical project leader for full-scale blade tests at the Wind Technology Testing Center in Boston, Massachusetts.
Distributed Wind Technologies
Robert Preus joined NREL in 2013 and brings more than 27 years' experience in wind energy. Robert was the founder of Advanced Renewable Technology which provided training, engineering, and certification support in small wind manufacturers. He led the successful development of 2.5 kW to 300kW wind generators. He has extensive experience in design of wind energy systems. He has trained many dealers in the installation of distributed wind systems and served on the committees that developed NABCEP installer certification task list, applicant experience requirements and the exam writing. He was the co- chair of the group that wrote a section for small wind in the NEC. In 2010 he received the Small Wind Advocate award from Wind Powering America.
Field Test Engineer
Engineer, Wind Technology Deployment
National Wind Technology Center and Deployment & Market Transformations
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Owen graduated with an MSME from the Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 2007 and started working on wind farm construction and development as a field engineer for an EPC contractor. In 2009, Owen started working at NREL where his work has focused on three primary areas: hybrid system modeling and optimization; project specific feasibility assistance for Federal clients for wind, solar, and hydropower technologies; and construction cost modeling and optimization. Owen often works with NREL's International Programs Office on hybrid system and renewable energy integration projects. These projects are in conjunction with international technical assistance work that focuses on energy development for rural populations including the design, analysis, and implementation of remote power systems. His federal project feasibility assistance typically spans resource assessment through project execution with clients in the DoD, DOS, EPA, DOI, and others.
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado
M.S., Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado
B.S., Engineering Sciences, Trinity University
Amy joined NREL in April 2010. She is working with the offshore wind team, creating coupled wind/wave/structural dynamics models. Prior to joining NREL, Amy worked as an independent consultant for 3M in Boulder and as a technical staff member at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. Her diverse work experience has included the analysis of medical CT data, data interrogation of mechanical responses, structural health monitoring, and finite-element and rigid-body modeling.
Senior Engineer, Federal Wind, Deployment & Market Transformation Center
M.S., Building Systems Engineering, University of Colorado.
B.B.A., Business Administration / Accounting, University of Massachusetts
Robi currently leads federal wind activities in the Wind Powering America program. He conducts wind resource assessments, economic feasibility analyses, and provides technical advice for wind projects with federal agencies. He was the Project Manager for the installation of a 660kW wind turbine at Camp Williams, UT. He also conducts wind workshops for federal clients such as the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Federal Emergency Management Program (FEMP).
Robi has worked at NREL since 1999. Initially he worked in FEMP conducting renewable energy feasibility studies for federal agencies and was part of NREL's Solar Decathlon team during the first four events. Prior to joining NREL, Robi worked as a PV technician for Altair Energy installing PV systems at schools and residences throughout Colorado.
Business Support for the NWTC
B.S. Environmental Science, Land Use, Metropolitan State University of Denver
Business Support, National Wind Technology Center
B.S., Business Administration, Project Management, Conflict Management, Communications; Regis University
Briesa joined the NREL in August 2013 as Business Support for NWTC's Testing and Operations Team. Briesa works closely with thes team's subcontracts by creating, funding, closing, extending, monitoring and tracking them. She also supports the team with any travel requests, visitor procedures, procurement and reporting needs.
Prior to joining NREL, Briesa spent more than seven years working as an Administrator for the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Much of her work focused on writing budgets and proposals for the National Science Foundation to fund field projects cradle to grave. She worked closely with the field projects traveling with and supporting the team as a HAZMAT officer and business support. Briesa's passion is with animals, and worked as a dog trainer for years. She has worked for the Golden Retriever Rescue and Safe Harbor Lab Rescue by evaluating then training dogs to make them more appealing to potential adopters. In addition, Briesa now volunteers and fosters for a puppy rescue.
Field Test Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado
B.S., Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin
Andrew joined NREL in 2011 after receiving his Master's degree in mechanical engineering. His Master's degree studies included computation fluid mechanics, which led him to research in modeling wind farm level control to minimize wake loss effects. At the NWTC, Andrew currently works with the two Controls Advanced Research Turbines (CARTs) in developing, field-testing, and analyzing advanced control systems. Some of the research performed with the CARTs includes feed-forward control algorithms for load mitigation, active power control for grid frequency stabilization, system identification for wind turbine control, and improving wind turbine reliability through controls. In addition to running field test experiments, his work includes coordinating the operation and maintenance of the two CARTs.
Business Support III, National Wind Technology Center
B.A, Communications; University of South Florida
Minor in Photography and Technical Writing/Research, University of Ireland, Galway; University of Tel Aviv, Israel
Dana joined the NWTC in January 2011 as the Business Support III for NREL's Wind and Water Power Program. Dana works with various research groups at the NWTC to compile data and present it to the Department of Energy for NREL's quarterly reports and milestone deliverables. In addition, she supports the DOE Wind and Water Power Technologies Office by providing analysis impacts with NREL's reports. Dana also works to create new methods for reporting the Annual Operating Procedures, tracking the NREL deliverables and milestones, and drafting DOE correspondence responses for the NREL Program Manager. She works to coordinate the fiscal year work breakdown structure that includes a data collection effort for detailed Wind and Water Program analysis.
Before Dana came to NREL, she spent more than seven years working as a Business Analyst/Project Coordinator contractor to NASA, NATO, USDA, EPA, DoD, Logistics Engineering Operations (LEO), Intelligence and Information Warfare Directorate (I2WD) and Joint War Fighting Center (JWFC), facilitating the development of partnerships between different agencies. Much of her work focused on program operations and included stakeholder analysis. She identified gaps at each agency and built a variety of Outreach and Instructional Systems Design (ISD) programs to help improve the operations of project management.
Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado
M.S. Aeronautical Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology
B.S. Engineering Sciences, United States Air Force Academy
Scott Schreck joined NREL's National Wind Technology Center in 1998, and since then has served in various roles within the center, ranging from basic and applied research to utility scale technology development. At present, he directs the DOE turbine dynamics and inflow research facility, aimed at understanding turbine aerodynamics and atmospheric physics that govern energy production and machine structural loads.
Early in his NREL career, he led the Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics Team in applied research for discovering, characterizing, and modeling phenomena crucial to wind turbine efficiency and commercial viability. Major activities have included planning and analyses of experiments in the NASA Ames 80' x 120' wind tunnel, as well as establishment of International Energy Agency Annex 20, a multinational consortium of turbine aerodynamics researchers from Asia, Europe, and North America for developing and validating turbine aerodynamics models. Subsequently, Scott managed the Low Wind Speed Technologies program, DOE's $40M multiyear effort for utility scale wind energy technology development. This effort consisted of a portfolio of industry-NREL subcontracts for developing wind turbine prototypes and components, and for conceptualizing long range technologies.
Before coming to NREL, Scott was an Air Force officer and led a variety of defense science and engineering programs. These included the USAF Seiler Research Laboratory/Air Force Academy unsteady aerodynamics research program, a joint effort aimed at aircraft maneuverability enhancement. His final military assignment was with the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Computational Mathematics Program, a multidisciplinary program that supported university, industry, and Air Force laboratory computational research efforts in fluid dynamics, combustion, structures, materials, nanotechnology, multidisciplinary design optimization, and parallelization.
National Wind Technology Center
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst
M.S., Electrical Engineering, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences
B.S., Electrical Engineering, Daqing Petroleum Institute
Shawn joined NREL in 2008, shortly after he got his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Currently, Shawn is mainly responsible for the condition monitoring work under the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative project, a consortium led by NREL for improving the reliability of wind turbine gearboxes. His jobs include condition monitoring data analysis and R&D, which spans the dynamometer test, field test, and modeling & analysis efforts.
Shawn has a broad range of experience: mechanical and electrical system modeling and analysis; data sensing and sensor placement; signal processing; machine defect classification and level evaluation; machine life prognosis; multi-scale modeling; and traditional & intelligent control. He has published his work in various journals, conference and workshop proceedings, and book chapters.
National Wind Technology Center
Senior Project Leader II, National Wind Technology Center
M.A., Environmental Administration, University of California at Riverside
B.S., Economics, University of California at Riverside
Since joining NREL in 1992, Karin has primarily focused on two research areas: 1) wildlife issues related to wind technology and 2) distributed wind turbine projects (both small and midsize).
Karin has worked on wind-wildlife issues since 1996. The overall objectives have been to understand the causes of wind turbine impacts to wildlife (including birds, bats, and habitat) and to develop strategies to reduce the potential for impacts. Karin represents NREL on the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative (NWCC), and the Wildlife Workgroup. She serves as the technical liaison for the Grassland Community Collaborative and the Sage Grouse Collaborative, and participates in the Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative. As NREL's point-of-contact, she is actively engaged in land-based wind-wildlife projects as well as marine wind activities.
Working on Distributed Wind (DW) projects since 2000, Karin has served as the Technical Monitor for a number of DW-related projects including Regional Field Verification (a field study of small wind turbines installed in the Pacific Northwest), Independent Testing (testing small wind turbines at the NWTC), and the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (tasked with developing testing and certification for small wind turbine installers). Other DW projects Karin is involved with include Regional Test Centers and the Built Environment initiative. She also is the NREL lead for the Midsize Turbine Development initiative, which is focused on the development of turbines ranging in size between 100 kW and 1 MW. As an ASES member, Karin has served as the co-chair for the Small Wind Division and was recently elected as the chair.
Karin holds a B.S. in Economics and an M.A. in Environmental Administration, both from the University of California, Riverside.
Postdoctoral Researcher — Transmission & Grid Integration
Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin
MS.E., Electrical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin
B.e., Electrical Engineering, Delhi College of Engineering, New Delhi, India
Mohit joined the transmission and grid integration group at NREL in August 2011. His current research is focused on wind turbine generator modeling, dynamic modeling of the power system and renewable energy sources, real-time and hardware-in-the-loop modeling of power system components, and advanced control schemes for wind power plants and wind turbines. His other research interests include power quality effects of renewables, wide-area measurements and control, and power system protection.
M.S. Aerospace Engineering, Wichita State University
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, University of Arizona
Senu Sirnivas joined NREL in 2011 as a principal engineer at the National Wind Technology Center. He is responsible for leading and executing research programs to address emerging issues in the development of offshore wind energy technology. He advises, facilitates, and executes laboratory initiatives in offshore wind working closely with the U.S. Department of Energy, industry, and university research partners. Prior to joining NREL, he worked in the offshore oil & gas industry for 20 years. Starting at Deep Oil Technology, the original spar technology company, he has transitioned through Aker Maritime, Coflexip Stena, and Technip. Prior to leaving Technip, Senu was the head of the Floater Product Line's software development group. In his last position, at Horton Wison Deepwater, he led the efforts on offshore floating wind development.
Deputy Director, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
B.S., Manufacturing & Management Engineering, University of Vermont
Brian Smith is the Acting Deputy Director of the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), focusing on partnership development, capability enhancement, and strategy. The NWTC is the nation's premier wind energy technology research facility that advances the development of innovative land-based and offshore wind and marine hydrokinetic energy technologies through research, development, deployment and demonstration. Brian has worked at NREL since 1988, first as a test engineer and then as project leader for advanced wind technology development and field verification partnerships with industry.
He managed the Department of Energy (DOE) Turbine Research and DOE-EPRI Turbine Verification Program activities at NREL since their inception in the early 1990s, activities that helped reinvigorate the development and deployment of small and utility-scale wind turbine technology and power plants in the U.S. Brian served as NREL's Laboratory Wind and Water Power Program Manager from 2002–2014 and was responsible for managing the laboratory's commitments to the DOE Wind and Water Program Technologies Office.
He is the U.S. Alternate Member and Vice Chair of the Executive Committee for the International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for Wind Energy Systems RD&D and serves on the Advisory Board for the European Union Technology Platform for Wind Energy (TPWind). He is well-versed in many aspects of utility-scale and small wind turbine research, development, deployment, and integration into electric systems, and is applying this experience to the growing offshore wind energy and marine hydrokinetic technologies industries as well as hydropower.
Before joining NREL, Brian worked as Chief Engineer and Operations and Maintenance Manager for several wind companies in California from 1984–1988. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Manufacturing and Management Engineering from the University of Vermont (1980) and a Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst (1983).
Wind Energy Analyst
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Northern Arizona University
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Northern Arizona University
Tyler joined NREL in 2012 as part of the Research Participant Program with past experience in heavy civil construction cost estimating, wind industry root-cause-analysis, and renewable energy systems analysis and design. While part of the Research Participant Program he supported the NWTC with research on utility-scale wind turbine supply chain and manufacturing issues in addition to wind turbine transportation and logistics studies to develop investment recommendations for the U.S. Department of Energy. Tyler is currently a member of the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group within the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. His current research focus is on support and development of U.S. offshore wind turbine cost models.
Senior Safety Engineer
NWTC EHS Point of Contact
Project Specialist Support, National Wind Technology Center
Cynthia supports the Center to ensure that all personnel understand increased safety expectations and comply with more comprehensive training requirements. She maintains NWTC's EHS training and safety management systems; ensures all critical on-site EHS documentation and training is kept up to date including coordinating training classes at the NWTC. She also is the main point-of-contact for the NWTC space planning and staff office coordination. She recently received a President's Award for her outstanding efforts in implementing a formal process to track and manage all aspects of NWTC project safety and Safe Operating Plans, and ensuring NWTC staff remain up-to-date on training and proficiency requirements Cynthia has received the Employee of the Month award several times and also received an NREL Outstanding Team award for ISO 17025 accreditation for the competence of testing and calibration of laboratories for the NWTC in 1999.
Section Manager, Wind and Water Deployment
Ph.D. Energy Policy, University of Colorado, Boulder
M.S. Environmental Science and a B.A, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Suzanne Tegen manages the wind and water deployment section at NREL. She is a policy analyst by training and researches wind deployment issues such as radar, wildlife, grid integration, and public engagement. She estimates economic impacts (including jobs) from renewable energy resources using NREL's Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) models and has written on economic impacts from small wind, utility-scale wind, offshore wind, and community wind projects. Suzanne also conducts research on the wind and water power domestic workforces and their training needs. Before joining NREL in 2004, Suzanne worked for the Center for Resource Solutions in San Francisco, and for the U.S. Antarctic Program at South Pole and McMurdo Stations.
NREL Research Fellow, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Michigan Tech University
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Michigan Tech University
Bob Thresher joined NREL in 1984 and has provided leadership for the growth and development of wind energy and the formation of the National Wind Technology Center. He has been internationally recognized as a visionary, leader, and architect of the national wind energy agenda. For more than three decades, he has laid the foundation for wind technology advancement, nurtured its development, and remained a vigilant shepherd through deployment of those technologies. He has published extensively and is recognized internationally as one of the leading experts in research, development, and commercialization of wind technologies. Bob earned a tenured professorship in Mechanical Engineering at Oregon State University where he taught courses in Applied Mechanics and initiated pioneering research in the mechanics of wind energy systems during the 1970s and early 1980s. Bob's career recognition and accomplishments include:
- Received an Honorary Doctor of Engineering from University of Glasgow July 2009
- Received the Pioneer Award from the World Renewable Energy Network at the World Renewable Energy Congress VIII, 2004
- Lifetime Achievement Award by the American Wind Energy Association in 2001
- Recognized as 1997 Person of the Year by the American Wind Energy Association
- Inducted into the Academy of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, "in recognition of significant contributions to the engineering profession," October 1996.
Bob was appointed to the position of NREL Wind Energy Research Fellow in 2008. NREL Research Fellow appointments are reserved for outstanding scientists and engineers who have achieved exceptional internationally recognized positions of leadership in their fields, but who wish to devote the majority of their time and energy to scientific and technological endeavors. Most recently he has served as a strategist and spokesperson for the initiation of a national research program to develop offshore wind, wave, tidal, and ocean current energy technology.
Postdoctoral Researcher, Wave Energy Converter Research and Development
Ph.D., Mechanical / Ocean Engineering, University of California at Berkeley
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of California at Berkeley
Nathan joined NREL in May 2014. His research is focused on developing a WEC-Sim (Wave Energy Converter Simulator through a collaborative effort between NREL and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Current code development topics include state space realizations of the fluid memory function, body-to-body hydrodynamic interaction effects, nonlinear hydrodynamics/hydrostatics, and Morison elements. Nathan's research at Berkeley focused on the design, construction, control, and testing of a model-scale point absorber and was recognized as the recipient of the 2013 OMAE Subrata Chakrabarti Young Professional Award. In addition, during his graduate work, Nathan worked as a part-time engineer on the WindFloat, a semisubmersible offshore floating wind turbine, being developed by Marine Innovation & Technology based in Berkeley, California.
Paul Veers is the Chief Engineer at NREL's National Wind Technology Center, and was previously a distinguished member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories. He has worked in the area of wind energy technology for 30 years conducting research on various aspects of wind systems including atmospheric turbulence simulation, fatigue analysis, reliability, structural dynamics, aeroelastic tailoring of blades, and the evaluation of design requirements. Paul is currently the Chief Editor for Wind Energy, an international journal for progress and applications in wind power. He has a MS in Engineering Mechanics from the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University.
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
M.S., Electrical Engineering, Southern Illinois University
B.S., Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University
Yih-huei joined NREL in 1991. His expertise is in electric power system engineering, planning, and operation. His work at NREL involves researching and analyzing issues related to integrating renewable energy technologies into the electric power grid. Subject topics include renewable energy capacity credit, operational impacts of intermittent energy sources on operations, distributed generation, and transmission constraints. He has also carried out analysis on distribution generation, renewable energy resource assessment, and renewable energy policy issues (such as net metering and green tariffs). He currently manages the Wind Farm Monitoring program that collects long-term, high-frequency wind power output data from several large commercial wind farms in the Midwest. The collected data are used to show how wind power actually behaves and provide the industry with meaningful statistics on fluctuations of wind power.
Before joining NREL, Yih-Huei worked as an electrical engineer for Western Farmer Electric Cooperative, a generation and transmission cooperative serving rural Oklahoma, for 10 years. He started in distribution substation design and progressed to transmission substation design, transmission system planning, and finally to system operations and bulk power transaction analysis. He represented his company in several Southwest Power Pool working groups on system modeling and regional system reliability.
Ph.D. Engineering, (Wave Energy) University College Cork, Ireland
B.S. + M.S. Physical Engineering (Fluid & System Dynamics), Technical University of Berlin, Germany
B.S. Mechanical Engineering (Design), Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University Mannheim, Germany
Dipl.-Ing. (BA), Dipl.-Ing., Ph.D. holds degrees in mechanical engineering (design), physical engineering (fluid & system dynamics) and a PhD in modelling and optimization of wave energy converters. Jochem has over 24 years of scientific and corporate work experience in research, technology development and engineering in self-employment, small, medium, and large enterprises and academia with 15 years of research technology development of ocean wave energy converters and five years as Head of Research at Wavebob.
Most recently, Jochem led a high technology performance level wave energy converter concept development project at the Centre for Ocean Energy Research in Ireland and provided consultancy services to the wave energy industry through Liberal Synergies. In February 2014, Jochem joined NREL to support the Department of Energy's water power program. Jochem pursues a holistic deductive system approach to problem solving in research, science, engineering, technology, innovation, and management. His objective and motivation is to innovate and contribute to implementation of a sustainable energy future, an imperative for sustainable society.
National Wind Technology Center
Scott Wilde has worked as a supervisor in the wind business since 1988. He has experience with many different styles of wind turbines and has led large crews on hoisting and rigging activities, operations and maintenance activities and has installed over 500 wind turbines and complete wind farms in Palm Springs, CA, Altamont, CA, and Tehachapi, CA. He spent four years in Hawaii retrofitting the Westinghouse 600KW wind turbines on the North Shore of Oahu and brought the Mod 5 3.2 MW wind turbine back to life. The Mod 5 at the time was the largest running wind turbine and was featured in the Guinness Book of World records for size and production. Scott began his career at NREL in 1997 when NREL purchased two Westinghouse wind turbines to install and test at the National Wind Technology Center. He is now the Technical Operations Manager at the NWTC.
Senior Engineer, National Wind Technology Center
Ph.D., Aerospace Engineering, University of Colorado
M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Oregon State University
B.S., Mathematics, Oregon State University
Alan joined NREL (SERI) in 1984. He has led the Wind Turbine Code development and validation team at NREL since 1992. The team's major project has been the development of simulation codes for predicting the dynamic response and loads of wind turbine systems. These codes are extensively used by wind industry members in the design of wind turbines to decrease structural loads and increase fatigue lifetimes. More recently, Alan has been involved with incorporating control schemes for load alleviation and power enhancement into these analytical codes. He is currently writing his Ph.D. thesis on the control of large flexible wind turbines to enhance energy capture and reduce structural dynamic loads and response. These control schemes will be used in future large wind turbines to alleviate loads due to atmospheric turbulence.
Prior to joining NREL, Alan spent 5 years at the wind turbine research program at Rocky Flats, operated by Rockwell International. He performed analytical modeling and structural dynamic studies of wind turbine rotor systems. His graduate school research at CU is being funded through NREL and allows him to incorporate modern control schemes into wind turbine analytical codes. These control schemes will be tested on the Controlled Advanced Research Turbine at the NWTC in the near future.