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Licensing Agreements


Learn about NREL's new licensing tool, the Energy License, which allows licensees to deduct a portion of fuel and electricity offsets against a portion of their royalty fees.

Through licensing agreements, NREL provides industry with an opportunity to commercialize NREL-developed energy technologies and products. Our licensing opportunities are available to both small and large businesses—from start-ups to Fortune 500 companies.


The licensing agreement process basically includes seven steps. See the NREL Licensing Agreement Process flowchart.

We are committed to working through these steps in a timely manner. Experience suggests that the fastest means to reach an agreement is through direct communications to create understanding and agree on actions.

1. Identify and Qualify Opportunity

To identify an opportunity, a company can browse the technologies available for licensing.

When an opportunity has been identified, NREL then asks the company to provide information to assess its resources, capabilities, and commitment to commercialize the technology. We use the following forms and questionnaire:

The company must provide this information, so NREL can evaluate whether a licensing agreement would be beneficial for both the lab and the company. If the licensing opportunity meets these qualifications, we ask the potential licensee to review our mandatory license clauses to see if they're acceptable before investing time in the development of a license. If the company finds them acceptable, negotiations may begin.

2. Assess Need for Nondisclosure Agreement

At the beginning of the negotiation process, NREL and the company will assess whether they need a nondisclosure agreement. For more information, see nondisclosure agreements.

3. Negotiate Term Sheet

The next step involves negotiating the business terms of the license, such as field of use, the intellectual property that is being licensed, fees, royalties, milestones, and restrictions.

4. Develop Draft License Agreement

After the company and NREL agree on the terms sheet, NREL will draft a license agreement. NREL's licenses include:

  • Fees

    Provide a return on taxpayers' investment in and a market mechanism for the technology.

  • Grant of Rights

    Subject to the government retaining an irrevocable, nonexclusive, nontransferable, royalty-free license.

  • Nonexclusive or Exclusive Terms

    Depend on the technology's field of use. See nonexclusive and exclusive licenses for more information.

  • Regulatory Approvals

    Subject to the need for a licensee to obtain regulatory approvals for applying the technology.

  • Limited Warranty

    Provides no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the merchantability, completeness, or usefulness of the licensed technology, methods, or products.

  • Indemnification Language

    Requires the licensee and any sub-licensees to indemnify MRIGlobal, U.S. Department of Energy, their officers, employees, and affiliates for all damages, costs, and expenses arising from personal injury or property related to the manufacturing, using, and selling of the licensed technology, methods, or products.

5. Negotiate License Language

The company then reviews and comments on the license agreement draft. If needed, the company and NREL negotiate the license's language. Many aspects of NREL licenses are negotiable, but some are not. Nonnegotiable items include those required under our operating contract with the U.S. Department of Energy. We're also sometimes limited on our flexibility with other items.

6. Execute License

When the negotiation process ends, NREL and the company execute the license under the terms of the agreement.

7. Manage Commitment

Both NREL and the company manage their performance milestones for achieving the license's commercialization goal.


The timeline varies greatly depending on the complexity of the license agreement and the types of grants desired. Our goal is to execute nonexclusive licenses within 90 days of commencing term sheet discussions.

Sample Agreements

Here you'll find NREL's licensing agreement templates. These documents are available as PDFs.

Exclusive Patent License Agreement

Nonexclusive Patent License Agreement

Research License Agreement


To submit company information, or if you have any questions about the licensing process, contact Eric Payne, 303-275-3166.


NREL strives to quickly resolve any issue or concern you may have regarding its technology partnership agreement activities. To learn more about our informal resolution process, see information about NREL's Technology Transfer Ombuds.