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Research Campus Types

Research campuses and laboratories come in all shapes and sizes, but have one thing in common; performing vital research and development. These campuses span the following sectors:

Federal, State, and Local Government

Laboratories and research campuses operate at all levels of Federal, state, and local government. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is a prime example of a Federal laboratory. Other Federal agencies also run laboratories, including:

  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Department of Health and Human Services
  • Department of Homeland Security
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Defense
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration

State and some local governments also operate research facilities. As government organizations, these campuses are well-positioned to lead by example with smart energy management.

Academic Universities and Colleges

The academic sector is known for research activities with most universities and colleges operating at least one research facility, whether it is part of research initiatives or academic courses. In the case of most large research universities, several million square feet of research space are typically operated. This Web site highlights several examples of successful energy projects at academic research facilities.

Showing a true commitment to climate-neutral planning, the American College and University President's Climate Commitment helps academic institutions exercise leadership and minimize emissions that contribute to global warming. Academic organizations also provide the knowledge and educated graduates needed to achieve climate neutrality. To date, 650 college and university presidents have signed the climate commitment.

Private Sector Industries

Private sector research campuses develop the products that shape our way of life. No matter the industry, research is essential to fine-tuning product development. Common industries with large-scale research activities include electronics, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, food and agriculture, and cosmetics, among many others.

Companies working in these industries have opportunities to not only diminish the emissions that harm our environment, but also to save money by reducing their energy costs.