The following references provide information about the SMARTS model derivation, validations, and applications.
Gueymard, C.A. (2001). "Parameterized Transmittance Model for Direct Beam and Circumsolar Spectral Irradiance." Solar Energy (71:5); pp. 325-346.
Gueymard, C.A. (1995). SMARTS, A Simple Model of the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer of Sunshine: Algorithms and Performance Assessment. Technical Report No. FSEC-PF-270-95. Cocoa, FL: Florida Solar Energy Center.
Gueymard, C.A.; Kambezidis, H.D. (2004). "Solar Spectral Radiation," Chapter 5. Muneer, T., ed. Solar Radiation and Daylight Models, Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann; pp. 221-301.
Model Validation and Applications
Gueymard, C.A. (2005). "Interdisciplinary Applications of a Versatile Spectral Solar Irradiance Model: A Review." Energy (30); pp. 1551-1576.
Gueymard, C.A. (2006). "Prediction and Validation of Cloudless Shortwave Irradiance Spectra for Horizontal, Tilted, or Tracking Receivers." Prepared for the Solar 2006 Conference, American Solar Energy Society, Denver, CO.
Gueymard, C.; Kambezidis, H.D. (1997). "Illuminance Turbidity Parameters and Atmospheric Extinction in the Visible Spectrum." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society (123); pp. 679-697.
Gueymard, C.A.; Myers, D.; Emery, K. (2002), "Proposed Reference Irradiance Spectra for Solar Energy Systems Testing." Solar Energy (73:6); pp. 443-467.
Gueymard, C.; Vignola, F. (1998). "Determination of Atmospheric Turbidity from the Diffuse-Beam Broadband Irradiance Ratio." Solar Energy (63); pp. 135-146.
Myers, D.R.; Emery, K.; Gueymard, C. (2002). "Proposed Reference Spectral Irradiance Standards to Improve Concentrating Photovoltaic System Design & Performance Evaluation." Proceedings of the 29th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. New Orleans, LA; pp. 923-926.
Myers, D.R.; Emery, K.; Gueymard, C. (2004). "Revising and Validating Spectral Irradiance Reference Standards for Photovoltaic Performance." Journal of Solar Energy Engineering (126); pp. 645-653.
Myers, D.R.; Emery, K.; Gueymard, C. (2002). "Terrestrial Solar Spectral Modeling Tools and Applications for Photovoltaic Devices." Proceedings of the 29th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. New Orleans, LA; pp. 183-1,686.
Myers, D.R.; Gueymard, C. (2004). "Description and Availability of the SMARTS Spectral Model for Photovoltaic Applications." Prepared for the 49th SPIE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.