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Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Analysis

Photo of an Air Products hydrogen fueling dispenser.

Hydrogen fueling dispenser.

As the market grows for hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles, so does the need for a comprehensive hydrogen fueling infrastructure. NREL's technology validation team is analyzing the availability and performance of existing hydrogen fueling stations, benchmarking the current status, and providing feedback related to capacity, utilization, station build time, maintenance, fueling, and geographic coverage.

Participating partners from the U.S. hydrogen fueling station industry share raw data with NREL via the National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center. NREL engineers perform uniform analyses on the detailed data and then report on their findings. While the raw data are secured by NREL to protect proprietary information, individualized data analysis results are provided as detailed data products to the partners who supplied the data. The analysis results are also aggregated into publicly available composite data products (CDPs) that show the status and progress of the technology, but don't identify individual companies.

Composite Data Products

The following CDPs focus on hydrogen fueling infrastructure.

  • Hydrogen Dispensed by Quarter
    CDP INFR 01, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Histogram of Fueling Rates
    CDP INFR 02, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Histogram of Fueling Times
    CDP INFR 03, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Histogram of Fueling Amounts
    CDP INFR 04, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Dispensed Hydrogen per Day of Week
    CDP INFR 05, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Station Capacity Utilization
    CDP INFR 06, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Station Usage
    CDP INFR 07, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Time Between Fueling
    CDP INFR 08, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Fueling Final Pressures
    CDP INFR 09, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Cumulative Number of Stations
    CDP INFR 10, 10/10/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Hydrogen Stations by Type
    CDP INFR 11, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Fueling Rates 350 vs. 700 bar
    CDP INFR 12, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Number of Fueling Events per Hour
    CDP INFR 13, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Hydrogen Dispensed per Hour
    CDP INFR 14, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Number of Fills by Time of Day
    CDP INFR 15, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Fueling Amounts per Time of Day
    CDP INFR 16, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Fueling Rates by Amount Filled
    CDP INFR 17, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Fueling Amount vs. Time to Fill
    CDP INFR 18, 10/14/2013: PowerPoint | JPG


The following publications provide more information about NREL's hydrogen fueling infrastructure analysis activities and capabilities.

More Information

Learn about NREL's other technology validation efforts. Subscribe to the biannual Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology Validation newsletter, which highlights recent technology validation activities at NREL.

Visit the Alternative Fuels Data Center to find hydrogen fueling station locations in the United States.