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Stationary Fuel Cell Systems Analysis

Photo of box-shaped fuel cell system with "UCONN is putting clean energy to work" written on its side.

Stationary fuel cell system.

NREL's technology validation team analyzes the performance of stationary fuel cell systems operating in real-world conditions and reports on the technology's performance, progress, and challenges. This analysis includes multiple fuel cell types—proton exchange membrane, solid oxide, phosphoric acid, and molten carbonate—with system sizes ranging from 5 kW to 2.8 MW.

Stationary fuel cell systems are used for backup power (see related analysis results), power for for remote locations, stand-alone power plants for towns and cities, distributed generation for buildings, and co-generation (in which excess thermal energy from electricity generation is used for heat). Systems are currently in operation in states across the nation. One of the leading markets is in California, where NREL works in partnership with the National Fuel Cell Research Center and the California Stationary Fuel Cell Collaborative to analyze and report on stationary fuel cell installations.

Participating partners share raw data with NREL via the National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center. NREL engineers perform uniform analyses on the detailed data and then report on their findings. While the raw data are secured by NREL to protect proprietary information, individualized data analysis results are provided as detailed data products to the partners who supplied the data. The results are also aggregated into publicly available composite data products (CDPs) that show the status and progress of the technology, but don't identify individual companies.

Composite Data Products

The following CDPs focus on the use of fuel cells in stationary applications.

  • Stationary Fuel Cell Systems Deployed by Year
    CDP STAT 01, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Stationary Fuel Cell System Count by Status
    CDP STAT 02, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Location of Stationary Fuel Cell Systems Analyzed
    CDP STAT 03, 9/19/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Stationary Fuel Cell System Count and Capacity by Fuel Type
    CDP STAT 04, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Fuel Cell Capacity
    CDP STAT 05, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Capacity and Average Costs
    CDP STAT 06, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Distribution of Stationary Fuel Cell Install Cost with and without Incentives
    CDP STAT 07, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Install Cost over Time with and without Incentives
    CDP STAT 08, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Install Cost by Fuel Type with and without Incentives
    CDP STAT 09, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Installed Capacity and Fuel Type Deployment
    CDP STAT 10, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Total Incentive per kW by Year in 2010 Dollars Deployment
    CDP STAT 11, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Average System Size Installed per Year by kW Deployment
    CDP STAT 12, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Installed Fuel Type by Year Deployment
    CDP STAT 13, 9/25/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Distribution of Capacity by Equipment Type
    CDP STAT 14, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Average Eligible Cost by Equipment Type
    CDP STAT 15, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Average Eligible Cost for Biogas Sources
    CDP STAT 16, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Mean Time Between Stoppage
    CDP STAT 17, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Mean Unit Lifetime Electrical Efficiency
    CDP STAT 18, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Mean Unit Lifetime Availability
    CDP STAT 19, 9/30/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Installations By Fuel Type
    CDP STAT 20, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Installation Capacity by Fuel Type
    CDP STAT 21, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Distribution of Capacity and Eligible Cost
    CDP STAT 22, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Distribution of Eligible Cost with and without Incentives
    CDP STAT 23, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG
  • Eligible Cost By Fuel Type with and without Incentives
    CDP STAT 24, 9/27/2013: PowerPoint | JPG

Publications

These publications provide more information about NREL's stationary fuel cell analysis activities and capabilities.

More Information

Learn about NREL's other technology validation efforts. Subscribe to the biannual Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology Validation newsletter, which highlights recent technology validation activities at NREL.