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Stationary Fuel Cell Systems Analysis

NREL's technology validation team analyzes the performance of stationary fuel cell systems operating in real-world conditions and reports on the technology's performance, progress, and challenges. This analysis includes multiple fuel cell types—proton exchange membrane, solid oxide, phosphoric acid, and molten carbonate—with system sizes ranging from 5 kW to 2.8 MW.

Photo of box-shaped fuel cell system with "UCONN is putting clean energy to work" written on its side.

Stationary fuel cell system.

Stationary fuel cell systems are used for backup power (see related analysis results), power for for remote locations, stand-alone power plants for towns and cities, distributed generation for buildings, and co-generation (in which excess thermal energy from electricity generation is used for heat). Systems are currently in operation in states across the nation. One of the leading markets is in California, where NREL works in partnership with the National Fuel Cell Research Center and the California Stationary Fuel Cell Collaborative to analyze and report on stationary fuel cell installations.

Participating partners share raw data with NREL via the National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center. NREL engineers perform uniform analyses on the detailed data and then report on their findings. While the raw data are secured by NREL to protect proprietary information, individualized data analysis results are provided as detailed data products to the partners who supplied the data. The results are also aggregated into publicly available composite data products (CDPs) that show the status and progress of the technology, but don't identify individual companies.

Composite Data Products

The following CDPs focus on the use of fuel cells in stationary applications.


These publications provide more information about NREL's stationary fuel cell analysis activities and capabilities.

More Information

Learn about NREL's other technology validation efforts. Subscribe to the biannual Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology Validation newsletter, which highlights recent technology validation activities at NREL.

Refer to the Stationary Fuel Cell Systems Analysis Project: Partnership Opportunities fact sheet for information about opportunities for fuel cell developers and end users to participate in an analysis of stationary fuel cell systems to benchmark the current state of the technology.


If you are interested in working with NREL's National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center, please contact NREL's Technology Validation Team at

For more information about NREL's stationary fuel cell systems analysis, contact Genevieve Saur.