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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Bus Evaluations

Transit buses are one of the best early transportation applications for fuel cell technology. Buses operate in congested areas where pollution is already a problem. These buses are centrally located and fueled, highly visible, and subsidized by government. By evaluating the experiences of these early adopters, NREL can determine the status of bus fuel cell systems and establish lessons learned to aid other fleets in implementing the next generation of these systems.

Fuel Cell Bus Projects

Both DOE and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) fund NREL's hydrogen and fuel cell evaluations. A joint plan describes these evaluations, and the table below summarizes both current and planned DOE- and FTA-funded projects. This table shows the estimated timing for NREL's evaluations. The schedule for planned evaluations is subject to change as each project progresses.

Text version of table of NREL hydrogen bus evaluations for DOE and FTA by demonstration name and location, bus design strategy and number of buses, and project period. ZEBA Demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): 12 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric buses at AC Transit in Oakland, California; project period is third quarter 2014 through first quarter 2017. American Fuel Cell Bus (AFCB) demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): one fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus at SunLine, Thousand Palms, California, project period third quarter 2014 through second quarter 2017; one fuel cell dominant hybrid bus at TCAT in Ithaca, New York, project period fourth quarter 2015 through first quarter 2017; two fuel cell dominant hybrid electric buses at SARTA/GCRTA in Canton, Ohio, and Cleveland, Ohio, project period first quarter 2016 through second quarter 2017; one fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus at UCI in Irvine, California, project period first quarter 2015 through third quarter 2016. AFCB TIGGER demonstration: one fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus at Flint MTA in Flint, Michigan, project period second quarter 2015 through fourth quarter 2016; two fuel cell dominant hybrid electric buses at SunLine in Thousand Palms, California, project period third quarter 2014 through fourth quarter 2017. Birmingham FCEB demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): one battery dominant hybrid electric bus and BJCTA in Birmingham, Alabama, project period third quarter 2014 through third quarter 2015. Massachusetts AFCB demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): one fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus at MBTA in Boston, Massachusetts, project period first quarter 2015 through third quarter 2016. Advanced Composite FCEB demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): one battery dominant hybrid electric bus demonstrated at Capital Metro in Austin, Texas, throughout 2015 and at DCDOT in Washington, DC, throughout 2016. Next-Gen Compound Bus demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): one diesel hybrid bus with fuel cell primarily for accessories at SFMTA in San Francisco, California, project period fourth quarter 2015 through second quarter 2016. Battery Dominant AFCB demonstration (National Fuel Cell Bus Program project): one battery dominant hybrid electric bus at SunLine in Thousand Palms, California, project period first quarter 2016 through fourth quarter 2017.

The U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects Excel spreadsheet summarizes current and planned projects in the United States.

Composite Data Products

View NREL's fuel cell electric bus project publications to see evaluation results.

Presentations and Publications by Year

The following publications are also available in a list by demonstration site.

2014

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

This page provides presentations and publications describing hydrogen fuel cell bus evaluations performed at various demonstration sites. These publications are also available in a list by year.

AC Transit

CTTRANSIT

SunLine Transit Agency

General Publications

More Information

Learn about NREL's other technology validation efforts. Subscribe to the biannual Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology Validation newsletter, which highlights recent technology validation activities at NREL.

Contacts

If you are interested in working with NREL's National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center, please contact NREL's Technology Validation Team at techval@nrel.gov.

For more information about NREL's fuel cell bus evaluations, contact Leslie Eudy.