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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Bus Evaluations

Transit buses are one of the best early transportation applications for fuel cell technology. Buses operate in congested areas where pollution is already a problem. These buses are centrally located and fueled, highly visible, and subsidized by government. By evaluating the experiences of these early adopters, NREL can determine the status of bus fuel cell systems and establish lessons learned to aid other fleets in implementing the next generation of these systems.

Fuel Cell Bus Projects

Both DOE and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) fund NREL's hydrogen and fuel cell evaluations. A joint plan describes these evaluations, and the table below summarizes both current and planned DOE- and FTA-funded projects. This table shows the estimated timing for NREL's evaluations. The schedule for planned evaluations is subject to change as each project progresses.

Text version of table of NREL hydrogen bus evaluations for DOE and FTA by demonstration name and location, bus design strategy and number of buses, and project period. Advanced Technology FCEB at SunLine, Thousand Palms, California; 1 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is third quarter 2012 through fourth quarter 2013. Nutmeg Hybrid FCEB demonstration at CTTRANSIT in Hartford, Connecticut; 2 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric buses; project period is third quarter 2012 through third quarter 2013; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Nutmeg Hybrid FCEB demonstration at Flint MTA, Flint, Michigan; 1 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is third quarter 2012 through first quarter 2013; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Nutmeg Hybrid FCEB demonstration at GCRTA, Cleveland, Ohio; 1 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is first quarter 2013 through fourth quarter 2013; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. ZEBA Demonstration in California; 12 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric buses at multiple agencies: AC Transit in Oakland from third quarter 2012 through second quarter 2015, GGT in San Rafael from second quarter 2013 through second quarter 2015, and VTA (San Jose)/SamTrans (San Mateo) from first quarter 2014 through second quarter 2015. American Fuel Cell Bus (AFCB) demonstration at SunLine, Thousand Palms, California; 1 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is third quarter 2013 through fourth quarter 2014; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. American Fuel Cell Bus (AFCB) demonstration at CTA, Chicago, Illinois; 1 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is fourth quarter 2013 through first quarter 2015; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. AFCB (TIGGER) demonstration at SunLine, Thousand Palms, California; 2 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric buses; project period is fourth quarter 2014 through fourth quarter 2015. CT AFCB demonstration at CTTRANSIT, Connecticut; 1 fuel cell dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is first quarter 2015 through fourth quarter 2015. Burbank FCEB demonstration at Burbank, California; 1 battery dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is second quarter 2013 through first quarter 2014. Hydrogen Hybrid FCEB demonstration at Cap Metro, Austin, Texas; 1 battery dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is fourth quarter 2012 through second quarter 2013; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Compound Bus 2010 demonstration at SFMTA, San Francisco, California; 1 diesel hybrid bus with fuel cell primarily for accessories; project period from third quarter 2013 through first quarter 2014; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Birmingham FCEB demonstration at BJCTA, Birmingham, Alabama; 1 batter dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is third quarter 2013 through third quarter 2014; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Light weight FCEB demonstration at Albany, New York; 1 battery dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is second quarter 2013 through third quarter 2013; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. EcoSaver IV Hybrid FCEB demonstration at OSU, Columbus, Ohio; 1 battery dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is fourth quarter 2013 through third quarter 2014; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Massachusetts FCEB demonstration at Massport, Boston, Massachusetts; 1 battery dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is fourth quarter 2013 through third quarter 2014; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project. Advanced Composite FCEB demonstration at two agencies; 1 battery dominant hybrid electric bus; project period is first through fourth quarter 2014 at Cap Metro, Austin Texas, and first through fourth quarter 2015 at DCDOT, Washington, D.C.; National Fuel Cell Bus Program project.

The following Excel spreadsheets summarize current and planned projects in the United States and worldwide:

Composite Data Products

View NREL's fuel cell electric bus project publications to see evaluation results.

Presentations and Publications by Year

The following publications are also available in a list by demonstration site.

2014

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

This page provides presentations and publications describing hydrogen fuel cell bus evaluations performed at various demonstration sites. These publications are also available in a list by year.

AC Transit

CTTRANSIT

SunLine Transit Agency

General Publications

More Information

Learn about NREL's other technology validation efforts. Subscribe to the biannual Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology Validation newsletter, which highlights recent technology validation activities at NREL.

Contacts

If you are interested in working with NREL's National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center, please contact NREL's Technology Validation Team at techval@nrel.gov.

For more information about NREL's fuel cell bus evaluations, contact Leslie Eudy.