NREL's hydrogen systems analysis activities provide direction, insight, and support for the development, demonstration, and deployment of a broad range of hydrogen technologies. Analysis focuses on hydrogen production, storage, and delivery systems for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) as well as stationary fuel cells and emerging-market applications such as material handling and backup power.
NREL's hydrogen systems analysts evaluate R&D goals and perform resource assessments, techno-economic comparisons, market-potential projections, and financial modeling of stakeholder decisions and investment risks. Analysts also develop least-cost scenarios for hydrogen infrastructure rollout in support of the large-scale deployment of FCEVs.
NREL hosts stakeholder workshops to increase coordination among decision makers, raise awareness, develop strategic thinking, and provide input to improve analysis modeling activities.
To learn more about hydrogen systems analysis, visit Energy Analysis and Tools.
The following webinars from the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office include presentations by NREL systems analysis staff.
Increasing Renewable Energy with Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cell Technologies. This webinar explores opportunities for multi-sector integration using hydrogen systems as well as the capability and cost effectiveness of integrating hydrogen systems into electricity markets. (August 2014)
The following technical papers, journal articles, presentations, and workshop proceedings provide more information about NREL's hydrogen and fuel cell system analysis activities and findings.
Hydrogen Energy Storage: Grid and Transportation Services. Workshop Proceedings. Marc Melaina and Josh Eichman. (2015)
Community Energy: Analysis of Hydrogen Distributed Energy Systems with Photovoltaics for Load Leveling and Vehicle Refueling. Darlene Steward and Jarret Zuboy. (2014)
Retail Infrastructure Costs Comparison for Hydrogen and Electricity for Light-Duty Vehicles. Marc Melaina, Yongling Sun, and Brian Bush. (2014)
Hydrogen Infrastructure Expansion: Consumer Demand and Cost-Reduction Potential. Marc Melaina. (2014)
Hydrogen Infrastructure Cost Estimates and Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipelines. Marc Melaina, Michael Penev, Darlene Steward, Olga Antonia, Brian Bush, Brent Daniel, Donna Heimiller, and Jenny Melius. (2014)
Renewable Hydrogen Potential from Biogas in the United States. Genevieve Saur and Anelia Milbrandt. (2014)
Overcoming the Range Limitation of Medium-Duty Battery Electric Vehicles through the Use of Hydrogen Fuel Cells. Eric Wood, Lijuan Wang, Jeffrey Gonder, and Michael Ulsh. (2013)
Hydrogen Station Cost Estimates: Comparing Hydrogen Station Cost Calculator Results with other Recent Estimates. Marc Melaina and Michael Penev. (2013)
Resource Assessment for Hydrogen Production: Hydrogen Production Potential from Fossil and Renewable Energy Resources. Marc Melaina, Michael Penev, and Donna Heimiller. (2013)
Cost Comparison of Wind Energy Delivered as Electricity or Hydrogen for Vehicles. Marc Melaina and Genevieve Saur. (2013)
Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. Marc Melaina, Olga Antonia, and Michael Penev. (2013)
Market Transformation Lessons for Hydrogen from the Early History of the Manufactured Gas Industry. Marc Melaina. Hydrogen Energy and Vehicle Systems. (2012)
Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint. Marc Melaina, Joel Bremson, and Kirk Solo. (2012)
Wind to Hydrogen in California: Case Study. Olga Antonia and Genevieve Saur. (2012)
Infrastructure Analysis Tools: A Focus on Cash Flow Analysis. Marc Melaina and Mike Penev. (2012)
Comparing Infrastructure Costs for Hydrogen and Electricity. Marc Melaina. (2012)
Infrastructure Analysis of Early Market Transition of Fuel Cell Vehicles. Brian Bush. (2012)
Design and Technoeconomic Performance Analysis of a 1 MW Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Polygeneration System for Combined Production of Heat, Hydrogen, and Power. W. Becker, Robert Braun, Michael Penev, and Marc Melaina. Journal of Power Sources. (2012)
U.S. Geographic Analysis of the Cost of Hydrogen from Electrolysis. Genevieve Saur and Chris Ainscough. (2011)
Leveling Intermittent Renewable Energy Production through Biomass Gasification-Based Hybrid Systems. Jered Dean, Robert Braun, Michael Penev, Christopher Kinchin, and David Munoz. Journal of Energy Resources Technology. (2011)
Role of Fuel Carbon Intensity in Achieving 2050 Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goals within the Light-Duty Vehicle Sector. Marc Melaina and Karen Webster. Environmental Science and Technology. (2011)
Rethinking U.S. Hydrogen Infrastructure Transition Scenarios: What Comes Next?. Marc Melaina and David Greene. (2011)
Wind Electrolysis: Hydrogen Cost Optimization. Genevieve Saur and Todd Ramsden. (2011)
Co-Evolution of Alternative Fuel Infrastructure and Vehicles: A Study of the Experience of Argentina with Compressed Natural Gas. Gustavo Collantes and Marc Melaina. Energy Policy. (2011)
Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop. Workshop Proceedings and Summary of Feedback Provided through the Hydrogen Station Cost Calculator. (2011)
Hydrogen for Energy Storage Analysis Overview. Darlene Steward, Todd Ramsden, and Kevin Harrison. (2010)
International Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Economy (IPHE) Infrastructure Workshop. Workshop Proceedings. (2010)
Analysis of Hybrid Hydrogen Systems: Final Report. Jered Dean, Robert Braun, David Munoz, Michael Penev, and Christopher Kinchin. (2010)
Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications Workshop. Workshop Proceedings. (2009)
Lifecycle Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Versus Other Technologies for Electrical Energy Storage. Darlene Steward, Genevieve Saur, Michael Penev, and Todd Ramsden. (2009)
Reliable Muddle: Transportation Scenarios for the 80% Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goal for 2050. Marc Melaina and Karen Webster. (2009)
Analyzing the Levelized Cost of Centralized and Distributed Hydrogen Production Using the H2A Production Model, Version 2. Todd Ramsden, Darlene Steward, and J. Zuboy. (2009)
Influence of Building Location on Combined Heat and Power/ Hydrogen (Tri-Generation) System Cost, Hydrogen Output and Efficiency. Darlene Steward and Michael Penev. (2009)
Refueling Infrastructure for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Lessons Learned for Hydrogen Workshop. Workshop Proceedings. (2008)
Analysis of the Transition to Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and the Potential Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure Requirements. David Greene, Paul Leiby, Brian James, Julie Perez, Margo Melendez, Anelia Milbrandt, Stefan Unnasch, Matthew Hooks, Shawna McQueen, and Sigmund Gronich. (2008)
Contact: Marc Melaina 303-275-3836