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Integrated Devices and Systems

NREL develops and evaluates devices and integrated systems that can help the electric grid function more efficiently, manage variable generation from renewable sources, and be more resilient under adverse conditions.

Photo of a researcher in a lab

NREL research focuses on devices and systems on both sides of the electric meter. Devices connect to the electric grid as individual energy generation, storage, delivery, and consumption technologies—such as solar photovoltaics; wind power; electric vehicles; capacitors; wires; switches; and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. As networks of devices, integrated systems are physically connected and linked by control systems and markets—such as microgrids, or building and industrial facility loads that respond to the grid.


  • Power electronics and controls
  • Device-level modeling and simulation
  • Energy storage
  • Standards and codes
  • Hardware-in-the-loop testing
  • Microgrids


James Cale