Below are some examples of how geographic information system (GIS) modeling is used in hydrogen infrastructure, demand, market and resource analyses. The JPG images are samples of the maps available in the following PDFs. Refer to the report for further information.
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U.S. Hydrogen Infrastructure Demand — Consumer Strategy
(JPG 129 KB)
GIS is used to analyze demographic, socio-economic, transportation and policy data that influence hydrogen demand. The demand scenarios were further use to estimate infrastructure needs and usage throughout the country, and to predict transition infrastructure costs.
Reference: Geographically Based Hydrogen Consumer Demand and Infrastructure Analysis: Final Report, Margo Melendez and Anelia Milbrandt (2006).
Proposed Hydrogen Refueling Stations Along Major Interstates
(JPG 151 KB)
This project identifies a minimum infrastructure that could support the introduction of hydrogen-fueled vehicles. The objective was to determine the location and number of hydrogen stations nationwide that would make hydrogen fueling available at regular intervals along the most commonly traveled interstate roads, thus making interstate and cross-country travel possible.
Reference: Analysis of the Hydrogen Infrastructure Needed to Enable Commercial Introduction of Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicles, Margo Melendez, Anelia Milbrandt (2005). Hydrogen Infrastructure Transition Analysis: Milestone Report, Margo Melendez, Anelia Milbrandt (2006).
Hydrogen Potential from Renewable Energy Resources
(JPG 188 KB)
This study was conducted to estimate the potential for producing hydrogen from key renewable resources (onshore wind, solar photovoltaic, and biomass) by county in the United States. It considers hydrogen production using wind and solar electrolysis as well as gasification and steam methane reforming methods for converting biomass to hydrogen.
Reference: Potential for Hydrogen Production from Key Renewable Resources in the United States, Anelia Milbrandt, Margaret Mann (2007)
Hydrogen Potential from Coal, Natural Gas, Nuclear, and Hydro Resources
This study estimates the quantity of hydrogen that could be produced from coal, natural gas, nuclear, and hydro power by county in the United States. It also examines other factors that need to be considered in assessing the likely locations for hydrogen production such as infrastructure and water availability.
Reference: Hydrogen Resource Assessment: Hydrogen Potential from Coal, Natural Gas, Nuclear and Hydro Power, Anelia Milbrandt, Margaret Mann (2009).
Hydrogen Market Analysis
GIS provides support to the HyDS (Hydrogen Deployment System Model), a computer model of U.S. market expansion of hydrogen production from wind and other sources over the next 50 years.
Reference: Modeling the Market Potential of Hydrogen from Wind and Competing Sources, Walter Short, Nate Blair, Donna Heimiller (2005).
For more information on hydrogen resources, access the Hydrogen Energy Analysis and Tools site.
For Geographic Information System (GIS) hydrogen resource data, access the Data Resources page.
For interactive maps and tools for viewing maps and data, access the Data Visualization and Tools page.
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