Codes and Standards
NREL works with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) to create consensus standards with participation from industry, utilities, government, and others. These standards guide the integration of renewable and other small electricity generation and storage sources (or "distributed resources," a key aspect of the Smart Grid) into the electric power system.
There are two main groups, or families, of standards that NREL works with:
IEEE 1547 Family of Standards
The IEEE 1547 Family of Standards address distributed resources interconnection. The IEEE Standard 1547-2003 is the basis of the IEEE 1547 series and provides a uniform standard for the interconnection of distributed resources by detailing requirements related to interconnection performance, operation, testing, safety, and maintenance.
IEEE Standard 1547 has had a significant effect on how the energy industry does business and will continue to influence the way our electric power systems operate far into the smart grid future. Following on this success, NREL has continued the development of standards in the 1547 family to further encourage distributed resource interconnection.
IEEE 2030 Family of Standards
Interoperability is one of the biggest challenges facing the Smart Grid. A multitude of technologies and systems will need to securely and effectively "talk" to each other in order to achieve an end-to-end intelligent grid. Because the Smart Grid will encompass an extraordinary spectrum of technologies, these must be developed with a common set of interoperability guidelines to ensure compatibility.
The IEEE Std 2030–2011 Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation With the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads is the root standard of the 2030 series. This standard provides alternative approaches and best practices for achieving smart grid interoperability.
For more information, see the following NREL publications: