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Intro to NREL's Thermochemical Pilot Plant Video (Text Version)

This is the text version for the Intro to NREL's Thermochemical Pilot Plant video.

The video opens with a montage of scientists working with various laboratory equipment, followed by the NREL logo. Next, the video shows Kim Magrini, NREL Principal Scientist and Group Leader, wearing a hard hat and standing in front of laboratory equipment in the Thermochemical Pilot Plant.

Kim Magrini: "Welcome to NREL's Thermochemical Pilot Plant located at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. Here, we convert biomass into higher-hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals."

The video shows a montage of images of biomass feedstocks, biofuels, and equipment in the Thermochemical Pilot Plant.

Kim Magrini: "NREL is researching biomass pyrolysis. We're looking at upgrading the bio-oils via stabilizations and also what these liquids can actually be used for. Along with this, we need to develop the engineering system requirements for producing these fuels and chemicals at larger scales."

The video shows Kim speaking in the Thermochemical Pilot Plant, followed by an image of entrained-flow-reactor equipment.

Kim Magrini: "We have the capabilities to conduct biomass fast pyrolysis in a fluidized bed system or also an entrained-flow reactor, which is shown over here, for large-scale oil production."

The video shows two jars containing a dark substance called pyrolysis oil. The video then shows various laboratory equipment in the Thermochemical Pilot Plant. Next, a researcher holds a jar of pyrolysis oil.

Kim Magrini: "NREL is working in the area of upgrading pyrolysis oils—also called bio-oils—to more stable fuels. We're using hydro-treating and catalytic fast pyrolysis processes to make the oils less acidic, more stable, and more amenable to drop-in fuels in the transportation sector."

The video shows Kim in front of the Thermochemical Process Development Unit (TCPDU) in the Thermochemical Pilot Plant.

Kim Magrini: "The TCPDU has components called unit operations. The first one consists of a gasifier. In the gasifier, we drop the actual biomass material, and it gets converted into a gas called syngas. Syngas is what we want to make into fuels and chemicals. Syngas has to be cleaned, however, because there are other components in there like tars that aren't desirable."

The video shows Kim pointing to the Recirculating Regenerating Reactor system in the Thermochemical Pilot Plant.

Kim Magrini: "Dirty syngas from the gasifier goes all the way over to this next system called the Recirculating Regenerating Reactor, in which a second catalyst cleans the syngas of the undesirable components, then goes on to fuels synthesis."

The video shows a montage of a laboratory worker writing in a notebook. Next, the video shows Kim in the Fuels Synthesis Catalysis Laboratory in front of various laboratory equipment. Next, the video shows catalysis research equipment in the Fuels Synthesis Catalysis Laboratory.

Kim Magrini: "We are currently in the Fuels Synthesis Catalysis Laboratory. We have high-pressure capabilities for testing catalysts to develop higher-hydrocarbon fuels from syngas. We also—with slight modifications—can test a variety of other catalysts that can make fuels and chemicals from biomass syngas."

The video shows various researchers working with different equipment in the Fuels Synthesis Catalysis Laboratory.

Kim Magrini: "NREL's catalyst science research spans catalyst fundamentals, fuels synthesis catalysts research, as well as syngas cleaning, so that we can economically and efficiently make fuels from biomass."

The video shows Kim speaking in the Fuels Synthesis Catalysis Laboratory, followed by various researchers working with fuels in the facility.

Kim Magrini: "Our many collaborations with our industrial partners, academia, and other national laboratories are constantly advancing science and technology for the United States Department of Energy."

The video shows the NREL logo alongside the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Biotechnologies Office logo. The video closes with the URL www.NREL.gov.