Projects in Biomass Process and Sustainability Analyses
Researchers at NREL use biomass process and sustainability analyses to understand the economic, technical, and global impacts of biomass conversion technologies. These analyses reveal the economic feasibility and environmental benefits of biomass technologies and are useful for government, regulators, and the private sector. NREL's Energy Analysis Office integrates and supports the energy analysis functions at NREL.
Among NREL's projects in biomass process and sustainability analyses are:
Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Independence and Security Act for Ethanol
NREL is determining the life cycle environmental impacts of the ethanol portion of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). EISA mandates that 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels be blended with conventional fuels in the United States by 2022. Net energy balance, greenhouse gas emissions, soil fertility impacts, water consumption, air emissions, and direct land use are among the areas being studied. Partners: Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials, University of Washington, Purdue University, and Argonne National Laboratory.
Technoeconomic Comparison of Biochemical, Gasification, and Pyrolytic Conversion of Corn Stover to Ethanol
NREL is comparing and analyzing biochemical, gasification, and pyrolysis platforms to determine the most effective process to convert corn stover to biofuels. Partners: ConocoPhillips and Iowa State University.