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Publications

The following are publications — including technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, and posters — focusing on the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) and Wind Deployment System (WinDS) models.

2016

Lantz, Eric, Trieu Mai, Ryan Wiser, and Venkat Krishnan. "Long-term implications of sustained wind power growth in the United States: Direct electric system impacts and costs." Applied Energy 179 (October 2016): 832–46. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.07.023

Tegen, Suzanne, Eric Lantz, Trieu Mai, Donna Heimiller, and Maureen Hand. 2016. An Initial Evaluation of Siting Considerations on Current and Future Wind Deployment. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-5000-61750.

Wiser, Ryan, Dev Millstein, Trieu Mai, Jordan Macknick, Alberta Carpenter, Stuart Cohen, Wesley Cole, Bethany Frew, and Garvin Heath. "The environmental and public health benefits of achieving high penetrations of solar energy in the United States." Energy 113 (October 2016): 472–86. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2016.07.068.

Krishnan, Venkat and Wesley Cole. "Evaluating the Value of High Spatial Resolution in National Capacity Expansion Models using ReEDS (Preprint)." Paper presented at the 2016 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 2016. NREL/CP-6A20-66002. View the associated poster.

Wiser, Ryan, Trieu Mai, Dev Millstein, Jordan Macknick, Alberta Carpenter, Stuart Cohen, Wesley Cole, Bethany Frew, and Garvin A. Heath. 2016. On the Path to SunShot: The Environmental and Public Health Benefits of Achieving High Penetrations of Solar Energy in the United States. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-65628.

Cole, Wesley J., Kenneth B. Medlock III, Aditya Jani. "A view to the future of Natural Gas And Electricity: An integrated modeling approach." Energy Economics (March 2016): In press. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.03.005

Ibanez, Eduardo, and Owen Zinaman. "Modeling the integrated expansion of the Canadian and US power sectors." The Electricity Journal 29, no. 1 (January-February 2016): 71-80. doi:10.1016/j.tej.2015.12.003

Mai, Trieu, Wesley Cole, Eric Lantz, Cara Marcy, and Benjamin Sigrin. 2016. Impacts of Federal Tax Credit Extensions on Renewable Deployment and Power Sector Emissions. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-65571.

Cole, Wesley, Ross Beppler, Owen Zinaman, and Jeffrey Logan. 2016. Considering the Role of Natural Gas in the Deep Decarbonization of the U.S. Electricity Sector. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A50-64654.

Cole, Wesley, Haley Lewis, Ben Sigrin, and Robert Margolis. "Interactions of rooftop PV deployment with the capacity expansion of the bulk power system." Applied Energy 168 (April 2016): 473-81. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.004

2015

Cole, Wesley, Trieu Mai, Kelly Eurek, Daniel C. Steinberg, and Robert Margolis. "Considering the Role of Solar Generation under Rate-Based Targets in the EPA's Proposed Clean Power Plan." Paper presented at Energy Policy Institute's Fifth Annual Energy Policy Research Conference. The Electricity Journal 28, no. 8 (October 2015): 20-28. doi:10.1016/j.tej.2015.09.002

Mai, Trieu, Wesley Cole, Venkat Krishnan, Mark Bolinger. "Impact of Federal Tax Policy on Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Given Financing Interactions." Presented by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, September 2015. NREL/PR-6A20-65014.

Sullivan, P., W. Cole, N. Blair, E. Lantz, V. Krishnan, T. Mai, D. Mulcahy, and G. Porro. 2015. 2015 Standard Scenarios Annual Report: U.S. Electric Sector Scenario Exploration. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-64072.

WindVision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States. 2015. Washington, DC: Department of Energy. DOE/GO-102015-4557.

Wiser, Ryan, Eric Lantz, Trieu Mai, Jose Zayas, Edgar DeMeo, Ed Eugeni, Jessica Lin-Powers, and Richard Tusing. "Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States." The Electricity Journal 28, no. 9 (November 2015): 120-32. doi:10.1016/j.tej.2015.09.016.

Zinaman, O., E. Ibanez, D. Heimiller, K. Eurek, and T. Mai. 2015. Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-63797.

2014

Arent, D., J. Pless, T. Mai, R. Wiser, M. Hand, S. Baldwin, G. Heath, J. Macknick, M. Bazilian, A. Schlosser, and P. Denholm. "Implications of High Renewable Electricity Penetration in the U.S. for Water Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Land-Use, and Materials Supply." Applied Energy 123, no. 15 (June 2014): 368-77. NREL/JA-6A20-59175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.12.022

Cochran, J., T. Mai, and M. Bazilian. "Meta-Analysis of High-Penetration Renewable Energy Scenarios." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 29 (January 2014): 246-53. NREL/JA-6A20-58764. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.089

Lantz, E., D. Steinberg, M. Mendelsohn, O. Zinaman, T.L. James, G. Porro, M. Hand, T. Mai, J. Logan, J. Heeter, and L. Bird. 2014. Implications of a PTC Extension on U.S. Wind Deployment. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-61663.

Mai, T., M.M. Hand, S.F. Baldwin, R.H. Wiser, G.L. Brinkman, P. Denholm, D.J. Arent, G. Porro, D. Sandor, D.J. Hostick, M. Milligan, E.A. DeMeo, and M. Bazilian. "Renewable Electricity Futures for the United States." IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy 5, no. 2, (April 2014): 372-78. NREL/JA-6A20-58804. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2013.2290472

Mai, T., D. Mulcahy, M.M. Hand, and S.F. Baldwin. "Envisioning a Renewable Electricity Future for the United States." Energy 65, no. 1 (February 2014): 374-86. NREL/JA-6A20-58511. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.11.029

Sigrin, B., P. Sullivan, E. Ibanez, and R. Margolis. 2014. Representation of Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-61182.

Sullivan, P., K. Eurek, and R. Margolis. 2014. Advanced Methods for Incorporating Solar Energy Technologies into Electric Sector Capacity-Expansion Models: Literature Review and Analysis. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-61185.

Sullivan, P., C. Uriarte, and W. Short. "Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Options in the U.S. Electric Sector: A ReEDS Analysis." Energy Journal 35(SI1) (2014): 101-14. NREL/JA-6A20-62934. http://dx.doi.org/10.5547/01956574.35.SI1.6

Zinaman, O., T. Mai, E. Lantz, R. Gelman, R. and G. Porro. "ReEDS Modeling of the President's 2020 U.S. Renewable Electricity Generation Goal." Presented by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, 2014. NREL/PR-6A20-62077.

2013

Clemmer, S., J. Rogers, S. Sattler, J. Macknick, and T. Mai. "Modeling Low-Carbon US Electricity Futures to Explore Impacts on National and Regional Water Use." Environmental Research Letters 8, no. 1 (January-March 2013). NREL/JA-6A20-56243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015004

Denholm, P., R. Margolis, T. Mai, G. Brinkman, E. Drury, M. Hand, and M. Mowers. "Bright Future: Solar Power as a Major Contributor to the U.S. Grid." IEEE Power and Energy Magazine 11, no. 2 (March 2013): 22-32. NREL/JA-6A20-57243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MPE.2012.2234404

Eurek, K., P. Denholm, R. Margolis, and M. Mowers. 2013. Sensitivity of Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market and Performance Assumptions. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-55836.

Logan, J., A. Lopez, T. Mai, C. Davidson, M. Bazilian, and D. Arent. "Natural Gas Scenarios in the U.S. Power Sector." Energy Economics. 40 (November 2013): 183-95. NREL/JA-6A50-57087. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2013.06.008

Martinez, A., K. Eurek, T. Mai, and A. Perry. 2013. Integrated Canada-U.S. Power Sector Modeling with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-56724.

2012

Denholm, P., M. Hand, T. Mai, R. Margolis, G. Brinkman, E. Drury, M. Mowers, and C. Turchi. 2012. Potential Role of Concentrating Solar Power in Enabling High Renewables Scenarios in the United States. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-56294.

Ibanez, E., T. Mai, and L. Coles. 2012. "Analyzing the Deployment of Large Amounts of Offshore Wind to Design an Offshore Transmission Grid in the United States: Preprint." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-5500-56262.

Logan, J., G. Heath, J. Macknick, E. Paranhos, W. Boyd, K. Carlson. 2012. Natural Gas and the Transformation of the U.S. Energy Sector: Electricity. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A50-55538.

Lopez, A., J. Logan, and T. Mai. 2012. "U.S. Electric Power Futures: Preliminary Results." Presented at the Clean Energy Regulatory Forum III, Golden, CO, April 2012. NREL/PR-6A20-55826.

Mai, T. "Renewable Electricity Futures." Presented online for the Power Systems Engineering Research Center Webinar, September 2012. NREL/PR-6A20-56168.

Mignone, Bryan K., Thomas Alfstad, Aaron Bergman, Kenneth Dubin, Richard Duke, Paul Friley, Andrew Martinez, Matthew Mowers, Karen Palmer, Anthony Paul, Sharon Showalter, Daniel Steinberg, Matt Woerman, and Frances Wood. "Cost-Effectiveness and Economic Incidence of a Clean Energy Standard." Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 1, no. 3 (2012): 59-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.5547/2160-5890.1.3.5

Rausch, S., and M. Mowers. 2012. "Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards for Electricity." MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report Series 225 (July 2012).

Renewable Electricity Futures Study. 2012. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-52409.

SunShot Vision Study: February 2012. 2012. Washington, DC: Department of Energy. NREL/BK-5200-47927; DOE/GO-102012-3037.

2003-2011 Publications

Bird, L., C. Chapman, J. Logan, J. Sumner, and W. Short. "Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector." Energy Policy 39, no. 5 (May 2011): 2573-85. NREL/JA-6A20-50749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.02.025

Short, W., P. Sullivan, T. Mai, M. Mowers, C. Uriarte, N. Blair, D. Heimiller, and A. Martinez. 2011. Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-46534.

Bird, L., C. Chapman, J. Logan, J. Sumner, and W. Short. 2010. Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A2-48258.

Logan, J., P. Sullivan, W. Short, L. Bird, T.L. James, and M.R. Shah. 2009. Evaluating a Proposed 20% National Renewable Portfolio Standard. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A2-45161.

20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply. 2008. Contributions by W. Short and N. Blair. Washington, DC: Department of Energy. DOE/DOE/GO-102008-2567.

Blair, N., M. Hand, W. Short, and P. Sullivan. 2008. "Modeling Sensitivities to the 20% Wind Scenario Report with the WinDS Model." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-670-43511.

Blair, N., W. Short, and M. Mehos. 2008. "Modeling the Impact of State and Federal Incentives on Concentrating Solar Power Market Penetration." 2008 14th Biennial CSP SolarPACES (Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems) Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada. March 2008. NREL/CP-670-42851.

Sullivan, P., W. Short, and N. Blair. 2008. "Modeling the Benefits of Storage Technologies to Wind Power." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-670-43510.

Short, W. 2007. Regions in Energy Market Models. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-620-40506.

Short, W., and P. Sullivan. 2007. "Modeling the National Potential for Offshore Wind: Preprint." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-640-41803.

Blair, N., W. Short, P. Denholm, and D. Heimiller. 2006. "Long-Term National Impacts of State-Level Policies: Preprint." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-620-40105.

Laxson, A., M.M. Hand, and N. Blair. 2006. High Wind Penetration Impact on U.S. Wind Manufacturing Capacity and Critical Resources. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-500-40482.

Short, W., N. Blair, P. Denholm, and D. Heimiller. "Modeling the Penetration of Wind Energy Into the U.S. Electric Market." Presented at the CNLS 26th Annual Conference, Los Alamos, NM, August 2006.

Short, W. and P. Denholm. 2006. Preliminary Assessment of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Wind Energy Markets. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-620-39729.

Blair, N., W. Short, M. Mehos, and D. Heimiller. "Concentrating Solar Deployment System (CSDS) — A New Model for Estimating U.S. Concentrating Solar Power Market Potential." Presented at Solar 2006, July 2006.

Blair, N., W. Short, P. Denholm, and D. Heimiller. "Long-Term National Impacts of State-Level Policies." Presented at AWEA WindPower 2006 Convention, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2006.

Short, W., and P. Denholm. "Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Wind Energy." Presented at WindPower 2006. June 2006.

Blair, N., W. Short, and D. Heimiller. 2005. Reduced Form of Detailed Modeling of Wind Transmission and Intermittency for Use in Other Models. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/PO-620-38453.

Short, W., N. Blair, D. Heimiller, and K. Parks. "WinDS-H2 Model and Analysis." Presented Presented by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO, May 2005.

Short, W., N. Blair, and D. Heimiller. 2005. Modeling the Market Potential of Hydrogen from Wind and Competing Sources. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/PO-620-38451.

Blair, N., W. Short, and D. Heimiller. 2005. "Reduced Form of Detailed Modeling of Wind Transmission and Intermittency for Use in Other Models: Preprint." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-620-38139.

Short, W., N. Blair, and D. Heimiller. 2005. "Modeling the Market Potential of Hydrogen from Wind and Competing Sources: Preprint." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-620-38138.

Short, W., N. Blair, and D. Heimiller. "Modeling Renewable Energy Systems and Policies — Challenges and Approaches." A.A.M. Sayigh, ed. Proceedings of the World Renewable Energy Congress VIII (WREC 2004), Denver, Colorado (CD-ROM). [Amsterdam]: Elsevier, Ltd., Monterey, CA, August 2004. NREL/CP-620-36848.

Short, W., N. Blair, and D. Heimiller. 2004. "Projected Impact of Federal Policies on U.S. Wind Market Potential: Preprint." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-620-36052.

Short, W., N. Blair, and D. Heimiller. Long-Term Potential of Wind Power in the United States. Solar Today (November/December 2003): 28-29. NREL/JA-620-34871.

Short, W., N. Blair, D. Heimiller, and V. Singh. 2003. "Modeling the Long-Term Market Penetration of Wind in the United States." Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/CP-620-34469.