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News Archives 2002

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October 2002

Industrial Materials Report Examines Forest-Products Industry
A case study performed by RAND and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is aimed at solving materials problems encountered by the forest-products industry. This government-industry research and development (R&D) is described in the report "Industrial Materials for the Future R&D Strategies: A Case Study of Boiler Materials for the Pulp and Paper Industry" (PDF 1.5 MB). The principal problem addressed by the R&D was the failure of tubes that carry water and steam inside boilers used to recover chemicals during papermaking. These recovery boilers are an essential component of the papermaking process because, in addition to providing recycled chemicals to the wood digester, they also provide a significant portion of the process steam and electricity required for plant operation. The industry estimates that, on average, for each day a recovery boiler is shut down, a company loses $300,000. The government-industry team performed systematics analysis, resulting in the recommendation of two possible solutions to the problem. This case study illuminated a number of critical factors in successfully solving industrial process problems through R&D that should guide future efforts. Authors include David R. Howell and Richard Silberglitt of RAND and Douglas Norland of NREL.

August 2002

Power Technologies Energy Data Book
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in collaboration with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has released the Power Technologies Energy Data Book. This publication features more than 200 pages of energy supply-side data and complete technology profiles for renewable energy and distributed power technologies. The data book also contains a variety of charts on electricity restructuring, power technology forecasts and comparisons, electricity supply, electricity capability, electricity generation, electricity demand, prices, economic indicators, environmental indicators, conversion factors, and selected congressional questions and answers. The data book was produced by NREL's Strategic Energy Analysis Center. Subcontractors for the project included Princeton Energy Resources International (PERI) and Energetics Inc. Larry Goldstein of NREL's Strategic Energy Analysis Center was the technical monitor.

May 2002

Benefits of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) Outlined
In a new report produced by NREL, Kevin Porter of Exeter Associates summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. "The Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies" focuses primarily on scheduling provisions, which have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO (NYISO)-were examined to determine the impact on intermittent renewable energy projects such as wind energy generators. Also, a more general look was taken at how biomass power may fare in RTOs, specifically whether these technologies can participate in ancillary service markets. Lastly, an assessment was made regarding the implications for renewable energy technologies of a Northeast-wide RTO that would combine the three existing Northeast ISOs (PJM and NYISOs, as well as ISO New England). Access the full report (PDF 1.2 MB) for more detailed information.

May 2002

Report Examines Green Power Marketing Worldwide
Green power marketing — the act of differentially selling electricity generated wholly or in part from renewable sources — has emerged in more than a dozen countries around the world. This report reviews green power marketing activity abroad to gain additional perspective on consumer demand and to discern key factors or policies that affect the development of green power markets. The objective is to draw lessons from experience in other countries that could be applicable to the U.S. market. Access the full report, Green Power Marketing Abroad: Recent Experience and Trends, (PDF 1.1 MB) for more detailed information.